Brigham City, Arizona

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Brigham City
Ghost town
Brigham City is located in Arizona
Brigham City
Brigham City
Location in the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 35°02′31″N 110°41′04″W / 35.04194°N 110.68444°W / 35.04194; -110.68444Coordinates: 35°02′31″N 110°41′04″W / 35.04194°N 110.68444°W / 35.04194; -110.68444
Country  United States
State  Arizona
County Navajo
Founded 1876
Abandoned 1881
Named for Brigham Young
Elevation[1] 4,895 ft (1,492 m)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
Area code(s)
Brigham City
Nearest city Winslow, Arizona
Area 160 acres (65 ha)
Built 1876
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 78000558[2]
Added to NRHP June 9, 1978

Brigham City is a ghost town in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. Founded by Latter-day Saints near the present city of Winslow in 1876, it was three miles north of Winslow's current city center, along the Little Colorado River. It was organized as a Latter-Day Saints ward in 1878, but by 1881 it had been abandoned.[3][4]

Twenty Mormon families and fifteen bachelors from Salt Lake City settled the area, and built homes inside protective walls originally measuring 200 feet (61 m) long and 7 feet (2.1 m) high. Flash flooding led to crop failures that washed away the dams and irrigation systems and caused the abandonment of the town by 1881.[5]

The US Census listed its population as 191 in 1880.[6]

Brigham City was one of four Little Colorado River colonies.[7] The other colonies were Joseph City, Sunset, and Obed. Joseph City is the only remaining colony.[8]

Brigham City was added to the National Register of Historic Places as of June 9, 1978,[9] and the remnants are currently undergoing restoration.[4] Thirty-seven of the community's buildings remained sufficiently well preserved to qualify as contributing properties when the community was designated a historic site in 1978.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Brigham City (historical)
  2. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ Andrew Jenson. Encyclopedic History of the Church. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941). p. 88.
  4. ^ a b "Winslow Chamber of Commerce - Visiting Winslow". Winslowarizona.org. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  5. ^ "Historic Sites - Brigham City". Arizona Heritage Traveler. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  6. ^ Moffat, Riley (1996). Population History of Western U.S. Cities and Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 9. ISBN 0-8108-3033-7. 
  7. ^ Tanner, George S and J Morris Richards, Colonization on the Little Colorado: The Joseph City Region (Flagstaff, Arizona: 1977) xiii.
  8. ^ Tanner, George S and J Morris Richards, Colonization on the Little Colorado: The Joseph City Region (Flagstaff, Arizona: 1977) 21, 32, 34.
  9. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Research Page - National Register of Historic Places Official Website-Part of the National Park Service". Nps.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-27.