Brighouse

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For other uses, see Brighouse (disambiguation).
Brighouse
Brighouse Town Hall 002a.jpg
The former Brighouse Town Hall
Brighouse is located in West Yorkshire
Brighouse
Brighouse
 Brighouse shown within West Yorkshire
Population 32,360 [1] (Brighouse/Rastrick urban area)
OS grid reference SE135235
Metropolitan borough Calderdale
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRIGHOUSE
Postcode district HD6
Dialling code 01484
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Calder Valley
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°42′25″N 1°47′38″W / 53.707°N 1.794°W / 53.707; -1.794

Brighouse is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. Historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is situated on the River Calder, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Halifax in the Pennines. It is served by Junction 25 of the M62 motorway and Brighouse railway station on the Caldervale Line and Huddersfield Line. In the town centre is a mooring basin on the Calder and Hebble Navigation. The United Kingdom Census 2001 gave the Brighouse / Rastrick subdivision of the West Yorkshire Urban Area a population of 32,360.[2]

The name Brighouse (or "Bridge House") originates from a building on (or close to) the bridge over the River Calder. In its early history, it was a hamlet of the nearby village of Rastrick.

Brighouse is twinned with Lüdenscheid in Germany, the link beginning with an exchange by Brighouse Children's Theatre in 1950 followed by a civic twinning charter in 1960.[3]

History[edit]

There was a river crossing called Snake Hill Ford across the Calder – believed to have formed part of the Roman route between Wakefield and Manchester. A wooden structure called Rastrick Bridge was recorded in 1275. The bridge was replaced by another built with timber donated by John Hanson in 1514. Hanson's son funded a stone replacement for this bridge in 1558. The river provided power for the flour milling industry and the textile mills. Brighouse's industry received a boost through the construction of the Calder and Hebble Navigation, started in 1757 by the engineer John Smeaton.

The Halifax and Huddersfield Turnpike Act of 1823 allowed for the building of Calder Bridge, or Brighouse Bridge, over the river on what was to become the A641 road; tolls were abolished on the bridge in 1875 and extensive widening work was undertaken in 1905 and 1999 (both of these latter dates being commemorated in dedication stones on the bridge).

Governance[edit]

Brighouse, viewed from Thornhills Lane, Clifton

Brighouse was historically part of the township of Hipperholme with Brighouse in the large ancient parish of Halifax.[4] The township became a civil parish in 1866, but was abolished in 1894 and divided: Brighouse became a Municipal Borough (and civil parish), Hipperholme became an urban district and Norwood Green and Coley became a civil parish in Halifax Rural District. The borough was expanded in 1915 when Rastrick was absorbed, and in 1937 when Clifton CP, Hipperholme UD, Norwood Green and Coley CP and part of Southowram UD were added. Brighouse borough and civil parish was abolished in 1974 when it became part of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough.[5] The mayor's mace was removed in 1974 to the Town Hall, Halifax, where it is displayed in the mayor's parlour to denote the authority of the Halifax mayor.[6]

Buildings[edit]

Brighouse is situated in the so-called "golden triangle" commuter belt between Halifax, Ripponden and Brighouse (entailing Elland, Stainland, Holywell Green and Greetland). The town's mills are currently undergoing an extensive programme of renovation, becoming loft style apartments.

Brighouse Library

Brighouse Library is a large building and in addition to its normal lending library services provides facilities for language courses; internet access and fax facilities. Like most public buildings wheelchair access is provided. There is also a small cafe and a lift for access to all floors.

The main shopping streets are Commercial Street and Bethel Street. Shops include Wilkinsons, Boyes, Czerwik (a specialist cheese and wine shop), Lords PhotoDigital, Harrison Lord Gallery & Studio, Domino's Pizza, Just Books, Design 55, Superdrug, Boots, Hallmarks, Thorntons, M&Co and Jack Fulton. Additionally there is a Sainsbury's. In early 2000, a financial agreement made between Tesco and Brighouse Sports Club, allowed for a huge new Tesco superstore to be built on the site of the former club, and the old Tesco became Wilkinsons. The deal also enabled the sports club to build new premises almost a mile away (1.5 km) on land at Russell Way, Bailiff Bridge.

The Old Ship public house

The Old Ship Inn has a painted legend along the front, saying that the exterior timbers were salvaged from an old ship.[7][8] Originally called The Prince of Wales, the building was rebuilt from timbers reclaimed from HMS Donegal in 1926.[9]

Religion[edit]

St James' Church, which was a chapel of ease for the Parish Church of Saint Martin in Brighouse, opened in 1870, with a congregation of 450. An organ was installed in the same year. Two stained glass windows from the William Morris factory, designed by Edward Burne-Jones were installed in July 1871.[10] Further windows were added at later dates by other designers. In 1900 William Camm[11] the organist paid for the fitting of a window in memory of his mother. A further window to commemorate the curate Rev Alban Bodley Mace (1915), who was killed in action at Salonika during 1916, serving with the Allied Expeditionary Force.[12] The chancel screen was designed by G. H. Woodhouse of Manchester. St James Church was last used on 27 December 1970; and then demolished, with the land used for residential properties. The stained glass windows were removed and taken into the care of the Cliffe Castle Museum in Keighley where they can now be viewed. St Joseph's Catholic church was built in the early 1900s, on Martin street. In 1879 a primary school was established, using the Church hall, from Monday to Friday.[13] It remained in use until 4 September 1961 when a new school was built, on Finkel Street.[14] The Central Methodist Church is situated at the west end of Brighouse backing on to the Ludenschied Link with a side entry at the lower part of Parsonage Lane. The frontage overlooks a small car park.

Arts and media[edit]

The Smith Art Gallery is in the Brighouse Library and features many paintings from the Victorian era displayed in the main hall, in addition to a changing programme of exhibitions of artwork by local artists.

Brighouse was the original home of the Brighouse and Rastrick Brass Band, founded in 1881 and associated with neighbouring Rastrick. They originally formed under the name the Brighouse and Rastrick Temperance Brass Band taking their current title in the early 20th century. They are currently based next to Brighouse High School in Hove Edge, just north of Brighouse. The band won the National Brass Band Contest in 1946 at the Royal Albert Hall and in 1968 won the first Brass Band World Championship. In 1977 the band recorded "The Floral Dance" which reached Number 2 in the UK Top 40 and stayed there for 6 weeks, inspiring radio DJ Terry Wogan to release a version some time later. In 1993 the band was the first Yorkshire team to win the All England Masters Brass Band Championship, a feat repeated in 1998. The band won the National Brass Band Championship Finals in 1997, 1998 and 2010, and the European Championships in 1998.

The town is home to the Yorkshire Co-op Brass band, formed in 1999 by merger of the Jayess '87 and Jayess Queensbury bands.

The area is home to rock band Embrace, who sang "World at Your Feet", the official England anthem for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The town is mentioned in "It's Grim Up North" by The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu (The JAMS).

A local drum & bugle corps, Conquest Alliance was formed, in 1985, by the merger of the Northern Skyryders and Brighouse RBL (Legion). The following year, 1986, Conquest Alliance appeared on the Drum Corp United Kingdom (DCUK) field of competition and were declared co-champions of the DCUK.[15] In 1987 the corps was placed 1st [16] 5th in 1988[17] 2nd in 1989[18] and 4th in 1990.[19] The corps disbanded in 1990.

Media[edit]

The local newspapers are the Brighouse Echo, the Halifax Evening Courier, the Mirfield Reporter and the Huddersfield Daily Examiner. Calderdale's local radio station is Phoenix Radio.

Sport[edit]

Brighouse Rangers Amateur Rugby League Club, founded in 1878, is part of the Brighouse Sports Club Complex on Russell Way (Off A641 Bradford Road) between Brighouse town centre and Bailiff Bridge. The club competes at amateur level in the Pennine League's Second Division and fields a reserve side in Division Six. There is a junior section for under 18's, down to Under 8's, and a ladies side.

Before the 1895 schism in English rugby, William Nicholl played rugby union for England, and Brighouse Rangers. After the schism, Brighouse Rangers became a founder member of the Northern Rugby Football Union (now Rugby Football League), and the first Northern Rugby Football Union chairman was Mr. H. H. Waller from the club. Brighouse Rangers played from 1895–96 to 1905–06 winning the Yorkshire League in the 1896–97 season. Although finishing last in the 14-club elite league in the 1901–02 season, the club was not relegated as the league expanded to 18 clubs. In the 1902–03 season Brighouse finished 18th and were relegated. After finishing bottom of the 31-club recombined league in the 1905–06 season, the club withdrew from the Northern Union.

In the 2008–09 season the town's football club, Brighouse Town F.C., played in the NCEL First Division at level 10 of the National League System (also known as 'The Football Pyramid'). Brighouse has its own Sunday League football competition, which in the 2007–08 season had one division of 10 teams. Junction (Rastrick) were crowned champions on 20 April 2008. There are many Junior football teams in the area too such as Brighouse Juniors, which was started by parents in 1989, who go from Under 6's up to Under 17's.

The town is on the route of the 50 mile Calderdale Way circular walk around the hills and valleys of Calderdale.

Transport[edit]

The A641 northward links Brighouse with Bradford and southward with Huddersfield. The A644 runs eastward out of Brighouse to Junction 25 of the M62 and Dewsbury. In the opposite direction, the A644 leaves Brighouse to the north-west towards Hipperholme, where it crosses the A58 Leeds-Halifax road, and continues through Queensbury to meet the A629 for Keighley. The A643 and A6025 provide less important local links, although the A643 is an alternative route through to Leeds.

A bypass, originally called Elland Road, then renamed Lüdenscheid Link in the 1980s, after Brighouse's twin town in Germany, was constructed in the 1970s to clear heavy traffic from the narrow streets in the town centre.

Brighouse railway station reopened in 2000 and provides the town with access to the National Rail network. All services are sponsored by Metro and provided by Northern Rail. The current service is part of both the Huddersfield Line and the Caldervale Line, with services on the Huddersfield Line between Leeds and Manchester Victoria and services on the Caldervale Line between Leeds and Wakefield Westgate via Bradford, Halifax and Huddersfield. Direct services to London Kings Cross are also available, provided by Grand Central.

Bus services operate frequently to Bradford, Halifax, Huddersfield, Leeds and Wakefield. These are coordinated by West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (Metro). Services are operated by First Bradford, First Calderdale & Huddersfield, Arriva Yorkshire, Stott's Coaches and Community Transport Calderdale. In addition, there is a daytime Tesco-sponsored ShopHopper service, operated by the Halifax Joint Committee, around the town centre, linking the bus station to the superstore. Brighouse bus station has been refurbished with funding from Metro and re-opened in May 2009. The bus station is between Commercial Street and the by-pass. The bus station and some bus stops in the Brighouse area are equipped with Real Time Passenger Information Screens.

The Calder and Hebble Navigation links Brighouse with Wakefield (junction with the Aire and Calder Navigation), Mirfield (junction with the Huddersfield Broad Canal) and Sowerby Bridge (junction with the Rochdale Canal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Most available references indicate that the correct pronunciation of Brighouse is with an audible 'h' /ˈbrɪɡhs/ [20] [21] [22] [23] although there is at least one reference which indicates the 'h' is silent /ˈbrɪɡs/ [24]

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Nearby villages and suburbs[edit]

Brookfoot, Bailiff Bridge, Clifton, Hove Edge, Hipperholme, Lightcliffe, Rastrick

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Retrieved 2009-08-26
  2. ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/census-2001-key-statistics/urban-areas-in-england-and-wales/urban-areas-in-england-and-wales-ks01-usual-resident-population.xls
  3. ^ "Introduction". Retrieved 7 June 2009. 
  4. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1870-72, at Vision of Britain website
  5. ^ Youngs, 1991
  6. ^ Law and Administration Dept. (August 1998 (revised)). Halifax Town Hall; a brief guide. Town Hall, Halifax: Halifax Borough Council. 
  7. ^ Closeup of The Old Ship, showing painted legend above ground floor windows.
  8. ^ Pub review, referring to legend about old ship's timbers.
  9. ^ Nortcliffe, David (1990). Buildings of Brighouse. Brighouse: Brighouse Civic Trust. 
  10. ^ Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion – Parish Church of Saint James, Brighouse
  11. ^ Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion – William Camm
  12. ^ Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion – Rev Alban Bodley Mace
  13. ^ St Josephs School Website
  14. ^ St Josephs School History
  15. ^ DCUK Roll of Honour
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ [3]
  19. ^ [4]
  20. ^ "Forvo". Word: Brighouse. Pronunciation in English. 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  21. ^ "Internet archive". Full text of "A glossary of dialectal place-nomenclature, to which is appended A list of family surnames pronounced differently from what the spelling suggests". 1883. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  22. ^ "Collins English Dictionary". Collins English Dictionary. 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  23. ^ "Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion". Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "Pronounce names". Brighouse. 2005–2009. Retrieved 3 April 2010. 

External links[edit]