Brightmoor, Detroit

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Brightmoor
Neighborhood of Detroit
Brightmoor
Brightmoor, Detroit is located in Wayne County, Michigan
Brightmoor, Detroit
Location of Brightmoor within the city of Detroit
Location within the state of Michigan
Location within the state of Michigan
Location of Brightmoor in the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°23′47″N 83°14′43″W / 42.39639°N 83.24528°W / 42.39639; -83.24528Coordinates: 42°23′47″N 83°14′43″W / 42.39639°N 83.24528°W / 42.39639; -83.24528
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
City Detroit
Organized 1922
Annexed by Detroit 1926
Area
 • Total 3.9 sq mi (10 km2)
 • Land 3.9 sq mi (10 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,836
 • Density 3,291.2/sq mi (1,270.7/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s) 48223[1]
Area code(s) 313

Brightmoor is a roughly 4-square-mile (10 km2) neighborhood in Detroit, Michigan, near the northwest border of the city.[2] Brightmoor is defined by the Brightmoor Alliance as being bordered by Puritan Road to the north, the CSX railway to the south, Evergreen Road to the east, and Telegraph Road (Michigan) to the west. However, the demographics given here for the neighborhood are the city's formal, statistical definition which consists of eight census tracts that includes some areas outside of its boundaries, but does not include some areas within its boundaries.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Developer Burt Eddy Taylor bought 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land, located one mile (1.6 km) away from Detroit's city limits at the time, in 1921.[1] Taylor created Brightmoor as a planned community of inexpensive housing for migrants from the Southern United States in the early 1920s.[3][4] The subdivision opened in 1922. B.E. Taylor recruited workers from Appalachia with the lure of employment at one of Detroit's expanding automobile manufacturing plants. An additional 2,913 acres (1,179 ha) was added to the community between 1923 and 1924.[1][4] Most of the residents worked in the automobile industry.[1] Model d has described Brightmoor a neighborhood where families could own a house and live in modest comfort.[4] The City of Detroit annexed Brightmoor in 1926.[1] The houses were intended as low cost mass-produced single-family housing.[citation needed] At the time of the community's opening, many residents lived in temporary shantytowns awaiting for the completion of their permanent houses.[5]

In a 40-year period until 2011, the number of residents in Brightmoor decreased. Crime appearing in the 1990s and 2000s caused additional residents to leave. In 2011 Suzette Hackney and Kristi Tanner of the Detroit Free Press said that the area, "over decades, transformed from a thriving working-class neighborhood to one of abandoned homes and businesses, and now one that is hoping to come back, mostly through private-sector efforts."[5] In 2009 John Carlisle (DetroitBlogger John) of the Metro Times said "Ghetto stereotypes thrive here — broad-daylight drug dealing, pre-teen pregnancies, long-gone or never-known fathers, and houses falling apart or giving way to vacant lots."[3]

In June 2013 the nonprofit organization Detroit Blight Authority began a cleanup effort of trash from a fourteen city block area, bounded by Lyndon, West Outer Drive, and Trinity Streets and with Eaton Avenue splitting the area laterally. 500 residential lots are located in the area cleaned by the Detroit Blight Authority. The cleanup zone had about 70 vacant structures, with several houses that had received damages from burns and those ransacked by intruders.[6] The authority, with the Detroit Rescue Mission Ministries and Mitch Albom Charities, organized the Blight Elimination — 100 Houses Event in August 2013.[7]

Geography[edit]

Brightmoor is located in northwest Detroit, between Evergreen Road and Outer Drive, near Interstate 96.[5]

The Brightmoor Alliance under the City Connect Detroit organization and the more formalized 2010 Census data for the neighborhoods of Detroit define the boundary of Brightmoor as approximately 4 square miles (10 km²) in Detroit's northwest section.[citation needed] Brightmoor is defined by the Brightmoor Alliance as being bordered by Puritan Road to the north, the CSX railway to the south, Evergreen Road to the east, and Telegraph Road to the west.[8] Brightmoor is bordered by several other Detroit neighborhoods—Old Redford and Rosedale to the north, Cerveny/Grandmont on east, and Cody to the south. The western boundary is Dale Street, which is one block east of Telegraph Road, which borders the autonomous Redford Charter Township. However, Detroit properties along Telegraph Road are generally not considered part of the Brightmoor neighborhood.

The boundaries of the Brightmoor neighborhood extend as far north as Puritan Street. The southern border is defined by a set of CSX rail lines and Interstate 96 from Evergreen Avenue (exit 182) east until the Southfield Freeway (exit 183), which is the eastern border. I-96 curves and runs through the neighborhood. The noncontinuous Dale Street is the western border running along the River Rouge, and Outer Drive also runs through Brightmoor.[1][9][10]

Demographics[edit]

In a 40-year period until 2011, Brightmoor's population had declined. The presence of crime in the 1990s and 2000s caused additional population loss.[5]

In 1990, the neighborhood had 23,775 people. At the time 12% of the population consisted of senior citizens.[1] A 1999 The Detroit News article said that Brightmoor had been a "little-known" community for a long time and that as of 1999 the community "could better be described as "Blightmoor."" By 1999 vandalism and many abandoned buildings were in the community.[2]

In 2000, the neighborhood had 19,837 residents, a 16.5% decrease from the 1990 figure. Of that, 37.2% of Brightmoor's population was under 18 years of age, and 5.3% was over the age of 64 years of age.[1]

By 2009, many non-profit agencies aimed to assist the population of Brightmoor.[11] In the same year, urban gardens had been established in the neighborhood.[12]

In 2010, the neighborhood's population had fallen to 12,836, a drop of 35.3% over the previous decade. Of that, 29.9% of the population was under 18 years of age, and 12.7% was over 64 years of age.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Brightmoor Post Office of the United States Postal Service is located on Fenkell Street.[13]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Two area parks, the Eliza Howell Park and Stoepel Park, are in Brightmoor. A greenway links the two parks.[4] Eliza Howell Park, near Fenkell and Telegraph, has 250 acres (100 ha) of land, making it the fourth largest park in Detroit; this is about one fourth of the area of Belle Isle or .25 square miles (0.65 km2). The Cheyne family gave 138 acres (56 ha) of that land to the City of Detroit in the 1930s. The 1936 deed restriction states that the city is required to maintain the land as a public park.[14]

The Brightmoor Alliance is a group of community organizations that work to coordinate revitalization programs in the neighborhood. Created in 2000, the Brightmoor Alliance meets regularly to discuss programs, events, and partnerships developed by member organizations. The Alliance also works with city officials and large community foundations like the Skillman Foundation to help plan and develop new programs for the neighborhood.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Brightmoor is zoned to Detroit Public Schools.[1] Gompers K-8 and Murphy K-8, within Brightmoor, serve Brightmoor for Grades K-8.[15][16] All residents are zoned to Frank Cody High School, outside of Brightmoor.[17]

The current Gompers Elementary-Middle School, serving Grades PreK-8, opened in 2011. The two story, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)-certified facility replaced the Gompers, Harding, and Vetal schools and was built on the Harding site for $21.4 million. It has an elementary wing and a middle school wing. The central administration suite, gymnasium, and multi-purpose room are between the two wings.[18]

Schools formerly serving sections of Brightmoor for elementary school include Don Hubert Elementary,[19] Burt Elementary School, and Harding Elementary School; all of the schools are in Brightmoor. Vetal K-8 also formerly served sections for elementary school.[20] For middle school some residents were zoned to Vetal K-8,[21] Murphy K-8 was previously just a middle school.[22] At one time residents of Brightmoor were zoned to Redford High School.[23]

In 1999 Hubert had 614 students in grades PreK to 5.[24]

Private schools[edit]

City Mission Academy, a private non-denominational Christian school, is located in Brightmoor. Nicole Aikens opened the school in the early 2000s.[3]

Organizations[edit]

Organizations in the neighborhood include Brightmoor Community Center, Motor City Blight Busters, Mt. Vernon Baptist Church, Northwest Detroit Neighborhood Development, The Detroit Partnership, NexusDetroit and 28 other area businesses, community centers, and churches. [2] The current Executive Director of the Brightmoor Alliance is Kirk Mayes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "A Basic Community Profile: Brightmoor." (Archive) City Connect Detroit at University of Michigan. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Homes can't hide blight: Vandalism, abandoned buildings plague Brightmoor, obscuring signs of rebirth." The Detroit News. September 28, 1999. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
  3. ^ a b c Carlisle, John (Detroitblogger John). "String theory." Metro Times. November 11, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d Archambault, Dennis. "Brightmoor: 'Feisty' Neighbors Use Hope, Innovation to Face Struggles." Model d. Tuesday September 29, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d Hackney, Suzette and Kristi Tanner. "How Brightmoor became a hot spot for homicides." Detroit Free Press. November 14, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
  6. ^ "One of Detroit's largest private blight-cleanup blitzes gets under way in Brightmoor." Detroit Free Press. July 1, 2013. Retrieved on July 11, 2013.
  7. ^ "[1]." Detroit Free Press. August 10, 2013. Retrieved on August 16, 2013.
  8. ^ "Brightmoor Alliance, community website Retrieved December 27, 2010
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau (April 5, 2011). "2010 Census Data for City of Detroit Neighborhoods". Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  10. ^ City Connect Detroit (2011). "A Basic Community Profile: Brightmoor". Retrieved December 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Article: Partnerships rebuild Brightmoor Community." Michigan Chronicle. May 31, 2005. Retrieved November 12, 2009.
  12. ^ Archambault, Dennis. "Urban farming in Brightmoor Gardens: Neighbors sow change in Detroit." MLive.com. October 23, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location - BRIGHTMOOR." United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
  14. ^ MacDonald, Christine. "Developer wants family's gift back from Detroit." The Detroit News. November 18, 2009. Retrieved on November 3, 2012.
  15. ^ "Elementary Boundaries - 2012/13 School Year." (Archive) Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved on November 1, 2012.
  16. ^ "Middle School Boundaries - 2012/13 School Year." (Archive) Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved on November 1, 2012.
  17. ^ "High School Boundaries - 2012/13 School Year." (Archive) Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved on November 1, 2012.
  18. ^ "Gompers Elementary-Middle School." (Archive) Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved on November 3, 2012.
  19. ^ "Elementary School Attendance Areas." Detroit Public Schools. July 10, 2003. Retrieved on November 2, 2012.
  20. ^ "Elementary School Boundary Map." Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  21. ^ "Middle School Boundary Map." Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  22. ^ "Middle School Attendance Areas." Detroit Public Schools. July 10, 2003. Retrieved on November 2, 2012.
  23. ^ "High School Attendance Areas." Detroit Public Schools. July 10, 2003. Retrieved on November 2, 2012.
  24. ^ "Schools: Employees pool cash to clear away snowdrifts: Hubert Elementary pays for plow in northwest Detroit." The Detroit News. January 20, 1999. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.

External links[edit]