Location of Brighton within Jersey County, Illinois
|Elevation||663 ft (202.1 m)|
|Area||1.91 sq mi (4.9 km2)|
|- land||1.87 sq mi (5 km2)|
|- water||0.04 sq mi (0 km2), 2.1%|
|Density||1,180.1 / sq mi (455.6 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Brighton is a village located mostly in Macoupin County, Illinois and partially in Jersey County, Illinois. As of the 2010 U.S. census, the village had a total population of 2,254. The village's current mayor is Wayne Schafer.
Brighton is located at (39.039357, -90.139645).
According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 1.91 square miles (4.9 km2), of which 1.87 square miles (4.8 km2) (or 97.91%) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (or 2.09%) is water.
Brighton is a small community that dates back to the early 19th century, when settlers began the transformation of the Illinois prairie into productive farmland. The village was named after Brighton, Massachusetts. A post office was opened in 1837, and the village was incorporated in 1869. Brighton is also noted for its five star historic museum.
Brighton currently has three restaurants, one grocery store, and one traffic signal. It straddles two counties, so that part of the village is in Macoupin County, and a smaller part is in Jersey County. Also, some rural residents of Madison County have Brighton mailing addresses. Although the village is fairly small, located nearly twenty miles away from the nearest major suburbs of St. Louis, it has a suburban feel to it instead of a rural one.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,196 people, 816 households, and 608 families residing in the village. The population density is 1,364.2 people per square mile (526.6/km²). There are 855 housing units at an average density of 531.2 per square mile (205.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village is 98.41% White, 0.05% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 816 households, of which 38.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.9% are married couples living together, 9.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% are non-families. 22.5% of all households are made up of individuals, and 11.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.06.
In the village, the population is spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females, there are 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village is $38,750, and the median income for a family is $43,167. Males have a median income of $37,150 versus $23,616 for females. The per capita income for the village is $16,453. 6.5% of the population and 6.8% of families are below the poverty line. Of the total population, 7.7% of those under the age of 18 and 8.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
- Joe Bernard, pitcher for the St Louis Cardinals
- Bushrod Johnson, (1817-1880) Confederate general in the American Civil War
- Jason Isringhausen, pitcher for the New York Mets, St. Louis Cardinals, and Tampa Bay Rays
- Martha A. Bentley, There the Heart Is: A History of Brighton, Illinois, 1826—1964, was reprinted in 1995.
- Brighton is also noted for its Burgoo soup, which is served at the Betsey Ann Picnic, the annual homecoming event for the community.
- Around the center of the village, there was an old American Civil War prisoner of war camp that was controlled by the Union.
- The set of a train station at Brighton was depicted in Meredith Willson's The Music Man movie musical from 1962 in the opening scene where some of the residents are chasing a salesman onto the train. In the widescreen version, to the far right-side of the screen you can see a sign with the name "Brighton, Illinois".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- Brighton description & history, retrieved August 24, 2007
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Village of Brighton website