||This article appears to be written like an advertisement. (September 2013)|
|Motto||ΤΟ Δ’ΕΥ ΝΙΚΑΤΩ
(Let right prevail)
|Type||Independent day and boarding school|
|Chaplain||Father Robert Easton|
|Chairman of the Governors||Professor Lord Robert Skidelsky|
|Founder||William Aldwin Soames (1787-1871)|
|Local authority||Brighton and Hove|
|DfE URN||114614 Tables|
|Students||910 (ages 11 - 18)|
|Publication||Brighton College Newsletter|
|Former pupils||Old Brightonians|
Brighton College is a boarding and day school for boys and girls aged 3–18, situated on the South Coast of England. The Senior School known simply as Brighton College, caters for children aged 11 to 18, and is situated in the heart of Brighton, England. The Prep School, for children aged 8 to 13, is located immediately next to the College itself and shares many of its facilities. The Pre-Prep School, for children ages 3 to 8, has its own site close by.
Brighton College was named UK School of the Year 2013 at the Independent Schools Awards on November 14th, 2013. The judges cited "the college's extraordinary academic success (the only school in England to have seen exam results improve every single year for seven years), clear strategic vision, strong social mission and dynamic expansion". It has many other laurels to its name, including 'England's Independent School of the Year 2011-2012' by The Sunday Times. The school's Head Master, Richard Cairns, was awarded the title England's Public School Headmaster of the Year 2012 by Tatler magazine.
In September 2011 Brighton College opened Brighton College Abu Dhabi, the first in a planned chain of international schools, in partnership with Bloom Properties of Abu Dhabi. A second will open in UAE in September 2013.
In June 2011 the merger of another prep school with Brighton College was announced: Handcross Park School, an independent co-educational preparatory school in Handcross, between Crawley, Horsham and Haywards Heath, West Sussex, England.
- 1 History
- 2 Houses
- 3 Location
- 4 Buildings
- 5 Notable developments
- 6 Victorian school culture
- 7 Charitable tax status: campaigns to change the law
- 8 A Part of Society
- 9 Additional information
- 10 Activities
- 11 Principals and headmasters
- 12 Notable alumni and former members of staff
- 13 References
- 14 Bibliography
- 15 External links
Founded in 1845 by William Aldwin Soames, who collected a group of like-minded local citizens to join him in the task (especially Edward Cornford, a solicitor), Brighton College was the first of the Victorian public schools to be founded in Sussex.
Brighton College has 12 houses which all serve a similar but different purpose. The houses are all split by gender, although staff of both sexes can be attached to any house. All houses contain between 48 and 70 pupils.
Staff attached to the day houses include a House Master/Mistress and a tutor for each Year Group or 'form'. These staff are academic teaching staff, and the House Masters/Mistresses are drawn from the senior teachers. These, with the assistance of Form Tutors, are responsible for overseeing pupil achievement and welfare.
The structure of the boarding houses varies slightly from that of the day houses, in reflection of their subtly different role within the college.
All houses have a House Master/Mistress and the team of form tutors. They also have a duty teacher in each house, who at any given time can be called upon by pupils in need. The ethos of the boarding houses tends to be one of extended family, giving the House Masters/Mistresses a less distant role to their counterparts in the day houses.
Staff in boarding houses have the option to live within the school's grounds.
List of houses
- Abraham - Boys
- Aldrich - Boys
- Chichester - Girls
- Durnford - Boys
- Fenwick - Girls
- Hampden - Boys
- Leconfield - Boys
- New - Girls
- Ryle - Boys
- School - Boys
- Seldon - Girls
- Williams - Girls
Of these, Abraham and School are boys' boarding houses, and Fenwick and New are girls' boarding houses.
The school occupies three sites in the east of the city, facing south onto Eastern Road. It is immediately to the east of the site of the former Kemptown railway station, across Sutherland Road.
The school's principal buildings are in the gothic revival style by Sir George Gilbert Scott RA (flint with Caen stone dressings, 1848–66). Later buildings were designed by his pupil and former student at the college Sir Thomas Graham Jackson RA (brick and flint with cream and pink terracotta dressings, 1883–87; flint with Clipsham stone dressings 1922–23). It now has a new building development which recently finished, in the form of a brand new £1.3M art centre to further its already renowned arts department. Included in this centre is the Confucius Language Laboratory.
In 2012, the school completed a new cricket pavilion on the "Home Ground", the school's main cricket ground which is also used as a rugby pitch in the Michaelmas term. It is situated opposite the site of the old pavilion and the sports hall. The Diamond Jubilee pavilion was opened by the Earl and Countess of Wessex in July 2012.
A new chaplaincy is planned to be created in part of the space which will be left by Durnford House, which is on the end of the Bristol wing, Dawson Building which currently contains both Durnford and Abraham Houses.
The school occupied a significant niche in the development of English secondary education during the 19th century. Notable accomplishments include:
- The use of individual classrooms for teaching small groups 
- Being an early pioneer in teaching both modern languages and science 
- Inventing the school magazine (1852) 
- Building the first school gymnasium (1859) 
- Erecting the first purpose-built science laboratory (1871) 
- First independent school to introduce compulsory Mandarin from the age of 13 and the first public school in the UK to sign a deal with Chinese government to encourage teaching of Mandarin and Chinese culture (2006)
Victorian school culture
The school's evolution also questions the "traditional" account of how the Victorian public schools developed. For example, the school initially had a ban on the use of corporal punishment — until 1851. The school captain was elected by universal suffrage among the entire pupil body until 1878, when a prefectorial system was also introduced. Sporting games remained voluntary until 1902 (and team members had chosen their own captain and awarded colours to their outstanding players until 1878).
Charitable tax status: campaigns to change the law
Brighton College led the legal fight to secure the charitable tax status currently enjoyed by all registered charities. A legal case between the school and Inland Revenue from 1916-26 produced a series of changes to tax law in the 1918 Income Tax Act, the 1921 and 1922 Finance Acts and, above all, section 24 of the 1927 Finance Act. The case (Brighton College v Marriott) went to the High Court (June 1924, 40 T.L.R. 763-5), the Court of Appeal (November 1924, 1 KB 312) and ultimately the House of Lords (November 1925, AC 192-204).
A Part of Society
Brighton College feels it is very important for the pupils to leave with the skills and confidence to make a difference to the society they will be part of and, indeed, responsible for. This can happen best if the pupils are themselves made aware of the various social factors that affect people's lives in the community. It is important for pupils on their way to a coffee shop to pass a seller of the Big Issue and find out why he's selling it; the pupils need to visit local primary schools in some of the poorest parts of southern England; they want to help the local community with a variety of projects such as street cleaning, singing to elderly residents and helping out at, for example, St Dunstan's - a charity that provides support and rehabilitation for blind ex-service men and women.
There are numerous ways for pupils to develop self-reliance, independence and leadership qualities through service activities such as the Combined Cadet Force and the Duke of Edinburgh Award scheme. Many pupils also have the opportunity to lead their fellow pupils as School or House Prefects or as Charity Representatives.
It is felt vital that Brighton College pupils be a part of society rather than apart from society.
Links to the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Community
Being located in Brighton's vibrant and very diverse Kemptown area, once described by the Brighton College Chaplain, Father Robert Easton as "a hot-spot of bohemian elegance and [...] a vibrant maze of coffee shops, pubs and clubs. It is the gay district of the gay capital of Britain [...]" Brighton College has close links to, and great acceptance of, the LGBT community.
For the 2013-2014 academic year, 17-year old pupil Mr. Will Emery was elected as the first openly gay head boy of an English public school following an "overwhelmingly" positive vote by over 1,000 pupils and staff Mr. Emery's election and his subsequent criticism of schools that still use policies which stop teachers from promoting homosexuality has been welcomed by both gay campaigners and Brighton College's headmaster, Mr. Richard Cairns, who describe such policies as "Outrageous"
All of Brighton College's policies related to conduct and employment explicitly prohibits discrimination, harassment, and ill treatment based on sexuality or marital/civil partnership status and are strictly enforced.
Unfortunately, Brighton College's openness to diversity and gay issues does not extend to its school in Abu Dhabi, where homosexuality remains illegal under Article 80 of the Abu Dhabi Penal Code punishable with up to 14 years in prison and under Article 354 of the UAE Federal Penal Code where it is punishable by death.
The chapel is unusual amongst British school chapels because George Bell, Bishop of Chichester created the school grounds as an extra-parochial ecclesiastical district. Placed outside the parish of St. Matthew's, Brighton, the school chapel holds an episcopal licence to perform weddings for its residents, after banns; no archiepiscopal licence is required.
Current fees stand at circa £31,000 p.a. for full-time boarders and circa £19,500 p.a. for day pupils in sixth form.
In September 2009, the school opened a new "Lower School" for children between the ages of 11 and 13. The site of this new part of the Senior School is on the old Art Block, with that now having moved to above the Woolton Quad. The Lower School means that Brighton College has been open to intake children at the age of 11 into the senior school for the first time in its history, as opposed to its traditional youngest intake of thirteen year-old boys and girls, since the academic year starting 2009.
The position of the Lower School's first head is Leah K. Hamblett, whose school title is technically Assistant Head - Lower School.
The Lower School is expected to teach 80 pupils in total, with two classes in each year group.
Note: The Brighton College Prep School will still take 11 year old children into that school for the foreseeable future, as the Lower School does not replace years 7 and 8 at the Prep School.
Although the Lower School has its own head, it will be an integral part of the Senior School, where pupils will "encouraged to respect one another's differences in a climate that is warm and tolerant, and one which seeks to enthuse and challenge children to give of their very best".
Franchising the Brighton College Brand Internationally: Brighton College Abu Dhabi
In 2010, Brighton College announced to parents that it is "helping to set up schools in Abu Dhabi". This venture is a for-profit franchise operation through a company the school has set up, Brighton College International Schools Ltd, in a joint venture with a UAE property development company Bloom Properties. Brendan Law, previously of Westbourne House School in Chichester, West Sussex, was named Headmaster of Brighton College Abu Dhabi in September 2010, and the school opened in September 2011. He was replaced by Ken Grocott, former-Head of Geography at Brighton College, in September 2012.
- Advanced composition - An after-school club where pupils are shown advanced compositional techniques.
- Barber Shop Group - A group for male singers at the school mainly singing American Barber Shop music.
- Chamber Choir - A choral group consisting mainly of the most advanced singers in the school, therefore including many music scholars.
- Chamber Music - An activity run for small ensemble groups of musicians of any standard within the school, some of which go on to take part in the National Chamber Music Competition.
- Chamber Orchestra - A large ensemble for the best string players in the school to play orchestral chamber music.
- Chapel Choir - A choir open to any pupil in the school which performs each Tuesday for the School Chapel service, and on occasional Sunday services. They regularly also perform for school events such as speech day and Remembrance Day. The Chapel Choir released their album "The Truth From Above", recorded on 4 and 5 September 2005.
- Choral Society - A choral group requiring no singing experience, and open to all pupils, Old Brightonians, members of staff, parents at the college, and friends. They regularly perform in Brighton venues, and have performed Carmina Burana by Carl Orff, in St John's, Smith Square.
- Concert Band - A wind ensemble, for all wind, brass and percussion players in the college to practice together and perform in concert twice a year.
- Saxophone Ensemble - This ensemble is open to all of the college saxophone players.
- Swing Band - A similar ensemble to concert band, but this band specialises in swing and jazz music, playing many songs from popular music culture such as: "My Girl". They perform at many school events such as open day and at school concerts. This ensemble is occasionally professionally commissioned to play at events outside of Brighton College. The swing band are widely renowned across Brighton, having performed for the first Brighton Marathon in 2010, for example. They are led by Neil Carter.
- Symphony Orchestra - The school's largest ensemble, with compulsory attendance for musicians of Grade 5 standard or above, with some past members of Junior Conservatoire standard. This orchestra encompasses players from all years of the Senior School, and runs throughout the Michaelmas and Lent terms. It does not run in the summer term, as many of the players have exams from years 10 up to those in year 13 who are about to leave the school.
- Junior Orchestra - This smaller orchestra runs only in the summer term, and is open to players in years 9 and 10. This orchestra presents an opportunity for less able players to gain orchestral experience.
- Life Drawing Club - A club for Sixth Form pupils to practice drawing from life.
- de Glehn Club - An activity allowing pupils of all ages to experiment with, and share ideas.
- Jackson Club - A club allowing GCSE and younger pupils, to partake in artistic activities such as watercolour and collage.
- Nash Club - A club specifically for AS and A2 level artists to complete coursework, and write essays. This club is named after the famous artist and Old Brightonian: David Nash (artist).
- The Poynter Club - A GCSE dedicated club, to help with the "Drawing Element" which makes up a large part of their GCSE syllabus.
- The Worsley Club - An informal media exploration club, open to GCSE pupils. This club was named after John Worsley, who is an Old Brightonian, and notable for being an accomplished artist and German Prisoner of War camp escapee. He was also the president of the Royal Society of Marine Arts.
- Digital Photography Club - The only club to exclusively deal with photography, and all associated areas. This club is open to all college pupils, although most members are currently taking an A level in Photography.
Design technology activities
- Workshop Skills - An introduction to skills and equipment used in the workshop. This activity is open to all college pupils.
- Jewellery Club - This club gives students the opportunity to learn about the skills in jewellery making, and coaches in design techniques which they can employ in designing jewellery in this activity slot. It is open to all pupils.
- Engineers Club - A hands on club, concentrating on the world of engineering, and teaches advanced metalwork skills.
- Home Crafts Club - An activity for members to experiment with artistic ideas and working with any materials available. This is a very informal activity, and is open to all college pupils.
One of the strongest performing co-ed sporting independent school in Sussex, Brighton College's major sports are rugby, cricket and netball with 1st teams in all three being some of the strongest in England.
The 1st XV rugby team play in the schools blue and maroon hoops, and most home games are played on the Home Ground a large expanse of ground located to the rear of the college and surrounded on all sides by housing and the college's sports hall.
The school also has a very successful old boys' sporting network, particularly its rugby team who won back to back U21 National Old Boy titles in 2005 and 2006.
- Christian Union - A student organisation bringing together the Christian contingent of the student body. They run "Lunchtime with a Difference" a union funded lunch each Monday lunchtime, where Christians, or other interested persons can go to discuss the Christian faith. In 2008, the leader of the Christian Union was Katie Sullivan, a member of the Upper Sixth
Other clubs such as Bible study and Strictly Come Dancing regularly take place in school, but do not occur every year, so have not been added to this list.
Principals and headmasters
- Rev. Arthur Macleane (1846)
- Rev. Henry Cotterill (1851), subsequently Bishop of Grahamstown and Edinburgh
- Rev. Dr. John Griffith (1856)
- Rev. Dr. Charles Bigg (1871), subsequently Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History, Oxford
- Rev. Thomas Hayes Belcher (1881)
- Rev. Robert Halley Chambers (1892), formerly Principal of Victoria College, Jersey, subsequently Head Master of Christ College, Brecon
- Rev. Arthur Titherington (1895)
- Rev. Canon William Dawson (1906), formerly Headmaster of Corby Grammar School and The King's School, Grantham
- Rev. Arthur Belcher (1933), a pupil 1886-95, son of Rev. Thomas Hayes Belcher
- Christopher Fairfax Scott (1937), formerly Headmaster of Monmouth School 1928-37
- Walter Hett (1939)
- Arthur Stuart-Clark (1944), formerly Headmaster of Steyning Grammar School
- Roland Lester (1950) (acting)
- William Stewart MC (1950), subsequently Master of Haileybury and Imperial Service College
- Henry Christie (1963), subsequently Warden of St Edward's School, Oxford
- William Blackshaw (1971)
- John Leach (1987)
- Dr. Anthony Seldon (1997), subsequently Master of Wellington College
- Simon Smith (2005) (acting)
- Richard Cairns (2006)
Notable alumni and former members of staff
- "Star quality shows as Brighton College rocks". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 27 September 2012.
- "The Tatler School Awards 2012". Tatler. Retrieved 27 September 2012.
- "Brighton College History". Retrieved 2010-12-27.
- "Pastoral Life at Brighton College". Retrieved 2009-09-15.
- "Ryle House". Retrieved 2009-09-15.
- "History and Ethos of Abraham House". Retrieved 2009-09-15.
- Sussex Living magazine http://southdownsliving.blogspot.co.uk/2012/07/earl-and-countess-of-wessex-open.html
- "College makes Chinese compulsory". BBC News. 2006-01-16. Retrieved 2011-08-07.
- "Stab Vests and Butter Knives" Fr. Robert Easton, September 2011, Farmington Trust
- Will Emery Gay Head Boy Public School The Huffington Post, 2013-08-25
- Public School appoints first gay head boy Sian Griffiths, The Sunday Times, 2013-08-25.
- Openly gay 17 year old Will Emery appointed head boy public school Sam Webb, Daily Mail Online, 2013-08-25
- Brighton College Policies
- LGBT Rights in the United Arab Emirates
- "Entry at 11+". Brighton College.
- "Practical Matters". Brighton College.
- "Brighton College News". Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- "Middle East property developer to use Brighton College as template for chain of replica schools across the globe". Daily Mail (London). 2009-03-18.
- Hyslop, Leah (2010-09-24). "Daily Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "Abu Dhabi Week". Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "Brighton College musical activities list". Retrieved 2008-07-18.
- Album Cover for The Truth From Above by Brighton College Chapel Choir
- "Brighton College Art activities". Retrieved 2008-07-18.
- "Brighton College DT activities". Retrieved 2008-07-18.
- "Christian Union at Brighton College". Retrieved 2008-07-18.
- Jones, Martin (1995). Brighton College 1845-1995. Chichester: Phillimore. p. 67. ISBN 0-85033-978-2.
- Jones (1995), p.212
- "Staff List" (ASP). Retrieved 2010-12-27.
- G. P. Burstow, "Documents relating to the Early History of Brighton College", The Sussex County Magazine, October 1951 and August 1952.
- G. P. Burstow & M. B. Whittaker (ed. Sir Sydney Roberts), "A History of Brighton College." (Brighton, 1957).
- Martin D. W. Jones, "A Short History of Brighton College." (Brighton College, 1986).
- Martin D. W. Jones, "Brighton College 1845-1995." (Phillimore, Chichester, 1995) [ISBN 0-85033-978-2].
- Martin D. W. Jones, "Brighton College v Marriott: Schools, charity law and taxation.", History of Education, 12 no.2 (1983).
- Martin D. W. Jones, "Gothic Enriched: Thomas Jackson's Mural Tablets at Brighton College Chapel.", Church Monuments, VI (1991).
- Martin D. W. Jones, "Edmund Scott & Brighton College Chapel: a lost work rediscovered.", Sussex Archaeological Collections, 135 (1997).
- H. J. Mathews (ed.), "Brighton College Register, Part 1, 1847-1863." (Farncombe, Brighton, 1886).
- E. K. Milliken (ed.), "Brighton College Register 1847-1922." (Brighton, 1922).
- Anon., "Brighton College War Record 1914-1919." (Farncombe, Brighton, 1920). Compiled by Walter Hett.
- Official website
- Profile at the Good Schools Guide
- Alumni website
- Brighton College's own list of alumni
- College makes Mandarin compulsory
- ISI Inspection Reports (Senior School)