Brighton Pavilion (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Brighton, Pavilion in East Sussex.
Location of East Sussex within England.
|Population||103,593 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||77,430 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Caroline Lucas (Green)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Brighton Pavilion is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 2] since 2010 by Caroline Lucas of the Green Party who on election became the first MP for that party in the United Kingdom.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency history and profile
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Election results
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External Links
1983-1997: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.
1997-2010: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hanover, Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.
2010–present: The City of Brighton and Hove wards of Hanover and Elm Grove, Hollingbury and Stanmer, Patcham, Preston Park, Regency, St Peter’s and North Laine, and Withdean.
Constituency history and profile
The constituency was created in 1950 from the former two-seat constituency of Brighton (one of the last remaining multi-member constituencies), which Brighton Pavilion's first Member of Parliament, Sir William Teeling, had previously represented.
Named after the iconic Royal Pavilion,[n 3] this relatively affluent seat[n 4] encompasses the heart of the city, such as the Georgian and Regency alleyway properties of The Lanes and the bohemian North Laine shopping area. The developed centre of the promenade above the pebbled beach has Brighton Pier, major entertainment venues and the city's largest hotels including the Grand Hotel and Hilton Brighton Metropole.
On current boundaries, the pavilion itself is right on the South-Eastern border of the seat – the opposite side of the road is Brighton Kemptown.
From 1950 until 1997 the seat had Conservative Party representatives.
In July 2007, the Greens selected Dr Lucas to contest the seat, at which point she was neither Leader nor Principal Speaker for the party. In November 2009 Charlotte Vere was selected as the Conservative Party candidate at an open primary attended by local Party members and residents. In January 2010 the Liberal Democrats also selected a female candidate, Bernadette Millam. Labour had selected Nancy Platts, local campaigner and former union worker, as their candidate in June 2007 and their share of the vote fell in 2010 by 6.5%. In 2010 the Green Party's (then) leader Caroline Lucas gained the seat, in an election where, contrary to national results, Conservative and Liberal Democrat share of the vote fell.
Caroline Lucas will defend the seat for the Green Party. Purna Sen, who has held senior roles at the Commonwealth, LSE and Amnesty International, has been selected to contest the seat for Labour. Clarence Mitchell, a former BBC News reporter and spokesman for the family of Madeleine McCann, has been selected as the Conservative Party candidate.
Members of Parliament
|1950||Sir William Teeling||Conservative|
|1969 by-election||Julian Amery||Conservative|
|1992||Sir Derek Spencer||Conservative|
|1997||David Lepper||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Brighton Pavilion |
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Bowers|
|Socialist (GB)||Howard Pilott |
Going into the 2015 general election, this is the 44th most marginal constituency in Great Britain, Labour requiring a swing from the Green Party of 1.2% to take the seat (based on the result of the 2010 general election).
|General Election 2010: Brighton Pavilion|
|Liberal Democrat||Berni Millam||7,159||13.8||−2.7|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Christopher Fyvie||148||0.3||−0.0|
|Citizens for Undead Rights and Equality||Soraya Anne Kara||61||0.1||*|
|Green gain from Labour||Swing||+8.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||15,427||35.4||−13.3|
|Green||Keith Richard Taylor||9,530||21.9||+12.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs Hazel Thorpe||7,171||16.5||+3.4|
|UKIP||Mrs Kimberley J. Crisp-Comotto||508||1.2||+0.3|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Tony N. Greenstein||188||0.4||+0.4|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Christopher Fyvie||152||0.3||−1.1|
|Independent||Christopher D. Rooke||122||0.3||+0.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−6.0|
|General Election 2001: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||19,846||48.7||−5.9|
|Conservative||David Stanley Gold||10,203||25.1||−2.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Ruth L. Berry||5,348||13.1||+3.6|
|Green||Keith Richard Taylor||3,806||9.3||+6.7|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Christopher Fyvie||573||1.4||+1.4|
|Free Party||Bob Dobbs||409||1.0||+1.0|
|UKIP||Stuart James Hutchin||361||0.9||+0.5|
|ProLife Alliance||Mrs Marie Margaret Paragallo||177||0.4||+0.4|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||26,737||54.6||+16.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Kenneth C. Blanshard||4,644||9.5||−3.2|
|Referendum Party||Peter A. Stocken||1,304||2.7||+2.7|
|Green||Peter R.W. West||1,249||2.6||+0.4|
|Independent Conservative||Richard Huggett||1,098||2.2||+2.2|
|UKIP||Frank M. Stevens||179||0.4||+0.4|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Alan J. R. Card||59||0.1||+0.1|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||15.4|
|General Election 1992: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||16,955||38.3||+8.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Tom H. Pearce||5,606||12.7||+12.7|
|Green||Iain M. Brodie||963||2.2||+2.2|
|Natural Law||Mrs Eileen J. Turner||103||0.2||+0.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour||David Stanley Hill||12,914||29.7||+5.8|
|Social Democratic||Kevin Francis Carey||8,459||19.5||-5.1|
|General Election 1983: Brighton Pavilion|
|Social Democratic||M.W.J. Neves||10,191||24.6||+24.6|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour||Dave S. Hill||12,099||29.3||-0.3|
|National Front||H Jones||436||1.1||+1.1|
|General Election October 1974: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour||G W Humphrey||11,624||29.6||+3.6|
|General Election February 1974: Brighton Pavilion|
|General Election 1970: Brighton Pavilion|
|Independent||G E Thomas||1,205||3.1||+3.1|
Elections in the 1960s
|By-election, 1969: Brighton Pavilion|
|Conservative||Harold Julian Amery||17,636||70.5||+12.5|
|Liberal||Nesta Wyn Ellis||2,711||10.8||+10.8|
|General Election 1966: Brighton Pavilion|
|Conservative||Sir William Teeling||22,687||58.1||+4.9|
|General Election 1964: Brighton Pavilion|
|Conservative||Sir William Teeling||20,998||53.2||-16.8|
|Liberal||D R Sinnatt||7,362||18.6||+18.6|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour||R G White||11,998||30.0||-2.0|
|General Election 1955: Brighton Pavilion|
|General Election 1951: Brighton Pavilion|
|Labour||E. R. Littlejohn||13,410||31.5||+3.5|
|General Election 1950: Brighton Pavilion|
|Liberal||John Stewart Choate||4,555||10.5||+10.5|
- Brighton Kemptown (UK Parliament constituency)
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in East Sussex
- Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election in individual constituencies
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Silhouette used as the Council's symbol see Brighton and Hove website
- Average income is higher than the UK average based upon 2001 statistics and unemployment is lower.
- Aided by somewhat notionally favourable minor boundary changes before the 1997 election to the Labour Party
- "Brighton, Pavilion: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Office for National Statistics — 2001 Census — All Super Output Areas of the city centre of Brighton and Hove
- Greens Pick MEP Lucas to Run for MP, Brighton Argus
- Charlotte Vere picked in "open primary", Brighton Argus, 18 November 2009
- "Another woman lines up to contest Brighton Pavilion". Brighton and Hove News. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Nancy Platts – Labour's candidate for Brighton Pavilion". Brighton & Hove Labour Party. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- One Brighton shining moment as Lucas makes Green history, The Independent, 8 May 2010
- "Election countdown: 93 weeks to go". BBC News. BBC. 27 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- "Brighton Pavilion 1950-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Ransome Mpini; Charlotte Thornton; John Walton; Marcelo Zanni (24 February 2014). "Election 2015: The political battleground". BBC News. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- Election 2010 – Brighton Pavilion BBC News
- "Election results for Brighton Pavilion". Brighton & Hove City Council. 5 May 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 – 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 – 2005 (Guardian)
- Election results, 1951 – 2001 (Keele University)
- By-election result, 1969 (Geocities)
- F. W. S. Craig. British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973. (ISBN 0-900178-07-8)
- nomis Constituency Profile for Brighton, Pavilion — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.