Brighton Pavilion (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 50°49′44″N 0°08′07″W / 50.82889°N 0.13528°W / 50.82889; -0.13528

Brighton, Pavilion
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Brighton, Pavilion in East Sussex.
Outline map
Location of East Sussex within England.
County East Sussex
Population 103,593 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 77,430 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of parliament Caroline Lucas (Green)
Number of members One
Created from Brighton
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England
Brighton Pavilion seafront

Brighton Pavilion is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 2] since 2010 by Caroline Lucas of the Green Party who on election became the first MP for that party in the United Kingdom.

Boundaries

1983–1997: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.

1997–2010: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hanover, Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.

2010–present: The City of Brighton and Hove wards of Hanover and Elm Grove, Hollingbury and Stanmer, Patcham, Preston Park, Regency, St Peter’s and North Laine, and Withdean.

Constituency history and profile

The constituency was created in 1950 from the former two-seat constituency of Brighton (one of the last remaining multi-member constituencies), for which Brighton Pavilion's first Member of Parliament, Sir William Teeling, had previously been the joint representative.

The present name is derived from the Royal Pavilion.[n 3] On current boundaries, the pavilion itself is right on the South-Eastern border of the seat – the opposite side of the road is Brighton Kemptown. It encompasses the heart of the city, including the Georgian and Regency alleyway properties of The Lanes and the bohemian North Laine shopping area. The developed centre of the promenade above the pebbled beach has Brighton Pier, major entertainment venues and the city's largest hotels including the Grand Hotel and Hilton Brighton Metropole. It is a relatively affluent seat, since average income is higher than the UK average (based upon 2001 statistics) and unemployment is lower.[3]

From 1950 until 1997 the seat had Conservative Party representatives. In 1997, David Lepper of the Labour Party[n 4] began service as MP for 13 years by winning the two subsequent elections.

In July 2007, the Green Party selected Caroline Lucas to contest the seat, at which point she was neither Leader nor Principal Speaker for the party.[4] In November 2009 Charlotte Vere was selected as the Conservative Party candidate at an open primary attended by local Party members and residents.[5] In January 2010 the Liberal Democrats also selected a female candidate, Bernadette Millam.[6] Labour had selected Nancy Platts, local campaigner and former union worker, as their candidate in June 2007 and their share of the vote fell in 2010 by 6.5%.[7] In 2010, Lucas, by then leading the Green Party, won the seat. In contrast to national results, the Conservative and Liberal Democrat share of the vote fell.[8]

Lucas defended the seat for the Green Party In the 2015 General Election. Purna Sen, who held senior roles at the Commonwealth, LSE and Amnesty International, was selected to contest the seat for Labour. Clarence Mitchell, a former BBC News reporter and spokesman for the family of Madeleine McCann, was selected as the Conservative Party candidate.[9]

Members of Parliament

Election Member[10][11] Party
1950 Sir William Teeling Conservative
1969 by-election Julian Amery Conservative
1992 Sir Derek Spencer Conservative
1997 David Lepper Labour Co-op
2010 Caroline Lucas Green

Election results

Brighton Pavilion election results 1950 – 2010

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2015: Brighton Pavilion [12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Green Caroline Lucas 22,871 41.8 +10.5
Labour Purna Sen 14,904 27.3 −1.7
Conservative Clarence Mitchell 12,448 22.8 −0.9
UKIP Nigel Carter 2,724 5.0 +3.2
Liberal Democrat Chris Bowers 1,525 2.8 −11.0
Independent Nick Yeomans[14] 116 0.2 +0.2
Socialist (GB) Howard Pilott[15] 88 0.2 +0.2
Majority 7,967 14.6 +12.2
Turnout 54,676 71.4 +1.4
Green hold Swing +6.1
General Election 2010: Brighton Pavilion[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Green Caroline Lucas 16,238 31.3 +9.4
Labour Nancy Platts 14,986 28.9 −7.5
Conservative Charlotte Vere 12,275 23.7 −0.2
Liberal Democrat Berni Millam 7,159 13.8 −2.7
UKIP Nigel Carter 948 1.8 +0.6
Socialist Labour Ian Christopher Fyvie 148 0.3 −0.0
Citizens for Undead Rights and Equality Soraya Anne Kara 61 0.1 *
Independent Leo Atreides 19 0.0 *
Majority 1,252 2.4
Turnout 51,834 70.0 +7.7
Green gain from Labour Co-op Swing +8.4

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Brighton Pavilion[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op David Lepper 15,427 35.4 −13.3
Conservative Mike Weatherley 10,397 23.9 −1.2
Green Keith Richard Taylor 9,530 21.9 +12.6
Liberal Democrat Mrs Hazel Thorpe 7,171 16.5 +3.4
UKIP Mrs Kimberley J. Crisp-Comotto 508 1.2 +0.3
Alliance for Green Socialism Tony N. Greenstein 188 0.4 +0.4
Socialist Labour Ian Christopher Fyvie 152 0.3 −1.1
Independent Christopher D. Rooke 122 0.3 +0.3
Independent Keith Jago 44 0.1 +0.1
Majority 5,030 11.5 −12.1
Turnout 43,580 64.0 +5.5
Labour Co-op hold Swing −6.0
General Election 2001: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op David Lepper 19,846 48.7 −5.9
Conservative David Stanley Gold 10,203 25.1 −2.6
Liberal Democrat Miss Ruth L. Berry 5,348 13.1 +3.6
Green Keith Richard Taylor 3,806 9.3 +6.7
Socialist Labour Ian Christopher Fyvie 573 1.4 +1.4
Free Party Bob Dobbs 409 1.0 +1.0
UKIP Stuart James Hutchin 361 0.9 +0.5
ProLife Alliance Mrs Marie Margaret Paragallo 177 0.4 +0.4
Majority 9,643 23.6 −3.3
Turnout 40,723 58.5 −14.9
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op David Lepper 26,737 54.6 +16.3
Conservative Derek Spencer 13,556 27.7 −18.9
Liberal Democrat Kenneth C. Blanshard 4,644 9.5 −3.2
Referendum Party Peter A. Stocken 1,304 2.7 +2.7
Green Peter R.W. West 1,249 2.6 +0.4
Independent Conservative Richard Huggett 1,098 2.2 +2.2
UKIP Frank M. Stevens 179 0.4 +0.4
Independent Bob Dobbs 125 0.3 +0.3
Rainbow Dream Ticket Alan J. R. Card 59 0.1 +0.1
Majority 13,181 26.9 +18.6
Turnout 48,952 73.4 −3.4
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing 15.4
General Election 1992: Brighton Pavilion[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Derek Spencer 20,630 46.6 −4.2
Labour Co-op David Lepper 16,955 38.3 +8.6
Liberal Democrat Tom H. Pearce 5,606 12.7 +12.7
Green Iain M. Brodie 963 2.2 +2.2
Natural Law Mrs Eileen J. Turner 103 0.2 +0.2
Majority 3,675 8.3 −12.8
Turnout 44,255 76.8 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing −6.4

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Amery 22,056 50.8 -0.7
Labour David Stanley Hill 12,914 29.7 +5.8
Social Democratic Kevin Francis Carey 8,459 19.5 -5.1
Majority 9,142 21.1 -5.8
Turnout 43,416 73.7 +4.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Amery 21,323 51.5 -2.2
Social Democratic M.W.J. Neves 10,191 24.6 +24.6
Labour H. Spillman 9,879 23.9 -5.4
Majority 11,132 26.9 +2.5
Turnout 41,390 69.3 -3.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1979: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Amery 22,218 53.7 +5.3
Labour Dave S. Hill 12,099 29.3 -0.3
Liberal D. Venables 5,965 14.4 -7.6
Ecology J Beale 638 1.5 +1.5
National Front H Jones 436 1.1 +1.1
Majority 10,119 24.4 +5.6
Turnout 41,355 72.6 +4.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Amery 19,041 48.4 -2.1
Labour G W Humphrey 11,624 29.6 +3.6
Liberal D Venables 8,648 22.0 -0.5
Majority 7,417 18.8 -5.7
Turnout 57,351 68.6 -8.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Amery 21,910 50.5 -11.4
Labour F Tonks 11,292 26.0 -9.0
Liberal K Hooper 9,764 22.5 +22.5
Independent Robert Beaumont 428 1.0 +1.0
Majority 10,618 24.5 -2.4
Turnout 56,982 76.2 +9.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Amery 21,365 61.9 -8.6
Labour F Tonks 13,771 35.0 +18.6
Independent G E Thomas 1,205 3.1 +3.1
Majority 10,594 26.9 -25
Turnout 59,150 66.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

By-election, 1969: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harold Julian Amery 17,636 70.5 +12.5
Labour Thomas Skeffington-Lodge 4,654 18.6 -23.3
Liberal Nesta Wyn Ellis 2,711 10.8 +10.8
Majority 12,982 51.9 +35.7
Turnout 25,001
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William Teeling 22,687 58.1 +4.9
Labour Alistair Graham 16,333 41.9 +13.7
Majority 6,354 16.2 -8.8
Turnout 55,532 70.3 +0.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William Teeling 20,998 53.2 -16.8
Labour P Nurse 11,148 28.2 -1.8
Liberal D R Sinnatt 7,362 18.6 +18.6
Majority 9,850 25.0 -15.0
Turnout 56,391 70.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1959: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Teeling 27,972 70.0 +2.0
Labour R G White 11,998 30.0 -2.0
Majority 15,974 40.0 +4.0
Turnout 39,970 69.8 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Teeling 27,128 68.0 -0.5
Labour L. Knowles 12,742 32.0 +0.5
Majority 14,386 36.0 -1.0
Turnout 39,870 67.5 -8.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Teeling 29,167 68.5 +6.7
Labour E. R. Littlejohn 13,410 31.5 +3.5
Majority 15,757 37.0 +3.4
Turnout 42,577 75.5 -3.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Brighton Pavilion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Teeling 26,917 61.5 +61.5
Labour L. Knowles 12,264 28.0 +28.0
Liberal John Stewart Choate 4,555 10.5 +10.5
Majority 14,653 33.5 +33.5
Turnout 43,736 78.9 +78.9
Conservative hold Swing

See also

Notes

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Silhouette used as the Council's symbol see Brighton and Hove website
  4. ^ Aided by somewhat notionally favourable minor boundary changes before the 1997 election to the Labour Party

References

  1. ^ "Brighton, Pavilion: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Check Browser Settings". statistics.gov.uk. 
  4. ^ Greens Pick MEP Lucas to Run for MP, Brighton Argus
  5. ^ Charlotte Vere picked in "open primary", Brighton Argus, 18 November 2009
  6. ^ "Another woman lines up to contest Brighton Pavilion". Brighton and Hove News. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Nancy Platts – Labour's candidate for Brighton Pavilion". Brighton & Hove Labour Party. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  8. ^ One Brighton shining moment as Lucas makes Green history, The Independent, 8 May 2010
  9. ^ "Election countdown: 93 weeks to go". BBC News. BBC. 27 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Brighton Pavilion 1950–". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  11. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  12. ^ "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. 
  13. ^ "Election results for Brighton Pavilion". city council web site. Brighton & Hove Council. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  14. ^ "Nick Yeomans". yournextmp.com. 
  15. ^ "General Election – Campaign News". worldsocialism.org. 
  16. ^ Election 2010 – Brighton Pavilion BBC News
  17. ^ "Election results for Brighton Pavilion". Brighton & Hove City Council. 5 May 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  18. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
Sources

External links