Brighton and Hove
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|Brighton & Hove
City of Brighton and Hove
|City and unitary authority|
Brighton and Hove shown within East Sussex and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Ceremonial county||East Sussex|
|• Type||Unitary authority & City|
|• Governing body||Brighton and Hove City Council|
|• Local government form||Committee System|
|• Control||Green (council NOC)|
|• MPs||Simon Kirby (C)
Mike Weatherley (C)
Caroline Lucas (G)
|• City and unitary authority||87.54 km2 (33.80 sq mi)|
|• Urban||89.4 km2 (34.5 sq mi)|
|• City and unitary authority||273,400|
|• Urban||474,485 (12th)|
|• Metro||769,000 (15th)|
| • Ethnicity
(Office for National Statistics 2009 Estimate)
4.9% South Asian
2.3% Mixed Race
2.0% Chinese and other
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|Postcode districts||BN1, BN2, BN3, BN41|
|ONS code||00ML (ONS)
Brighton and Hove (/ /) is a city and unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of East Sussex in South East England. It is England's most populous seaside resort with a population of 273,400 (2011 census).
Following the unification of borough councils, the towns of Brighton and Hove formed a unitary authority in 1997. In 2001, the two towns, Portslade and other surrounding areas and villages were granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II as part of the millennium celebrations in 2000, forming the City of Brighton and Hove.
"Brighton" is often referred to synonymously with the official "Brighton and Hove" name although many locals still consider the two to be separate towns.
Brighton and Hove is the result of a number of historic local government reorganisations:
- Brighton was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1854, later becoming a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888; it covered the parish of Brighton and part of Preston;
- Hove became a local board of health in the late 19th century, originally covering the parish of Hove;
- In 1893 the parish of Aldrington was added to Hove local board;
- Hove became incorporated as a municipal borough in 1898;
- Hangleton, Preston Rural and West Blatchington were added to Hove in 1928;
- Ovingdean, Patcham and Rottingdean were added to Brighton in 1928;
- Portslade-by-Sea was added to Hove in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. Both Brighton and Hove became non-metropolitan districts of East Sussex.
On 15 October 2004, Brighton and Hove was granted Fairtrade City status.
Elections are held every four years, with the last elections occurring on 5 May 2011.
|Source: Brighton & Hove City Council|
Brighton and Hove represents the first ever council in the United Kingdom where the Green Party have both been the largest group and leads the council.
In 2013 the council was obliged to finalise single status across its workforce, resulting in a strike of its refuse collectors and street cleaners, whose allowances the council reformed to equalise them with other staff at the organisation conducting similar work.
The leader of the council elected in May 2013 is Councillor Jason Kitcat (Green Party), although the Greens only hold a minority of seats. The current mayor of Brighton and Hove is Councillor Brian Fitch Penny Thompson is the current chief executive.
DVLA database ban
In 2012 it was revealed that the Brighton and Hove unitary authority has been permanently banned from accessing information from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency. This information is normally made available to local authorities for purposes such as enforcing parking fines, but access can be withdrawn if they are found to be misusing the service. The Big Brother Watch organisation, which obtained the information about the ban under a Freedom of Information request, claimed that "the public are right to be worried that their privacy is at risk across a range of government services."
The first census of Brighton was in 1801.
The resident population of Brighton and Hove at the 2011 census was 273,369 persons, 50% male and 50 female.
The 2011 census also found that 20% (53,351 people) self-identified as being from a BME background (defined as anyone who is not White UK/British). 14% (32,920 people)of the city's population in the same census were full time students over the age of 16. 
Wording of the Letters Patent
The Letters Patent of 2001 that confers City status is worded thus:
ELIZABETH the SECOND BY THE GRACE OF GOD OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND & OF OUR REALMS & TERRITORIES QUEEN HEAD OF THE COMMON WEALTH DEFENDER OF THE FAITH.
To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting. Whereas We for divers good causes and considerations Us thereunto moving are graciously pleased to confer on the Towns of Brighton and Hove the status of a city Now Therefore Know Ye that We of Our especial grace and favour and mere motion do by these Presents ordain declare and direct that the TOWNS OF BRIGHTON AND HOVE shall henceforth have the status of a CITY and shall have all such rank liberties privileges and immunities as are incident to a City. In witness whereof We have caused Our Letters to be made Patent Witness Ourself at Westminster the thirty first day of January in the forty ninth year of our reign.By Warrant under The Queens Sign Manual.
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- Office for National Statistics. "Census 2011 result shows increase in population of the South East". Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- Neighbourhood Statistics (18 May 2011). "Lead View Table". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "Elections – dates and results". Brighton & Hove City Council. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "Allowances modernisation". Brighton & Hove City Council. Brighton & Hove City Council. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
- "Who is the Mayor of Brighton & Hove?".
- "New chief wants Brighton and Hove's potential fulfilled". The Argus. 18 December 2012. Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- DVLA bans councils from database over abuses, BBC News, 8 December 2012, retrieved 10 December 2012
- "Brighton & Hove City Snapshot: Summary of Statistics 2014". Brighton & Hove Connected. Brighton & Hove Connected. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
- http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/rank/jedi.asp statistics.gov.uk
- "The Brighton & Hove crest". Brighton & Hove City Council. Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "Brighton & Hove City Council". Retrieved 20 August 2007.