Brighton and Hove
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
|City of Brighton and Hove|
|— Unitary authority & City —|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Ceremonial county||East Sussex|
|• Type||Unitary authority & City|
|• Governing body||Brighton and Hove City Council|
|• Local government form||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Control||Green (council NOC)|
|• MPs||Simon Kirby (C)
Mike Weatherley (C)
Caroline Lucas (G)
|• Total||33.80 sq mi (87.54 km2)|
| • Ethnicity
(Office for National Statistics 2009 Estimate)
4.9% South Asian
2.3% Mixed Race
2.0% Chinese and other
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|Postcode districts||BN1, BN2, BN3, BN41|
|ONS code||00ML (ONS)
Brighton and Hove is a unitary authority area and city in the ceremonial county of East Sussex, England. It is England's most populous seaside resort. The unitary authority was formed from the unification of Brighton Borough Council and Hove Borough Council in 1997. The towns were granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II as part of the millennium celebrations in 2000. "Brighton" is often referred to synonymously with the official "Brighton and Hove" name although many locals still consider the two to be separate towns. Brighton and Hove forms part of the Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation which is the 12th largest conurbation in the United Kingdom.
Brighton and Hove is the result of a number of historic local government reorganisations:
- Brighton was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1854, later becoming a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888; it covered the parish of Brighton and part of Preston
- Hove became a local board of health in the late 19th century, originally covering the parish of Hove
- In 1893 the parish of Aldrington was added to Hove local board
- Hove became incorporated as a municipal borough in 1898
- Hangleton, Preston Rural and West Blatchington were added to Hove in 1928
- Ovingdean, Patcham and Rottingdean were added to Brighton in 1928
- Portslade-by-Sea was added to Hove in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. Both Brighton and Hove became non-metropolitan districts of East Sussex
On 15 October 2004, Brighton and Hove was granted Fairtrade City status.
City Council 
Political composition 
Elections are held every four years, with the last elections occurring on 5 May 2011.
|Source: Brighton & Hove City Council|
Administration and directorates 
The leader of the council elected on 17 May 2012 is Councillor Jason Kitcat (Green Party), although the Greens only hold a minority of seats. The current mayor of Brighton and Hove is Councillor Bill Randall. John Barradell, OBE, started as Chief Executive on 1 October 2009. Penny Thompson is the current Chief Executive.
DVLA database ban 
In 2012 it was revealed that the Brighton and Hove unitary authority has been permanently banned from accessing information from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency. This information is normally made available to local authorities for purposes such as enforcing parking fines, but access can be withdrawn if they are found to be mis-using the service. The Big Brother Watch organisation, which obtained the information about the ban under a Freedom of Information request, claimed that "the public are right to be worried that their privacy is at risk across a range of government services."
The first census of Brighton was in 1801.
The resident population of Brighton and Hove at the 2001 census was 247,817 persons, comprising 114,479 households: 48.4% male, 51.5% female.
In the same census, Brighton and Hove had the highest percentage of citizens indicating their religion as Jedi among all principal areas of England and Wales). The next census was carried out on 27 March 2011.
Wording of the Letters Patent 
The Letters Patent of 2000 that confers City status is worded thus:
ELIZABETH the SECOND BY THE GRACE OF GOD OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND & OF OUR REALMS & TERRITORIES QUEEN HEAD OF THE COMMON WEALTH DEFENDER OF THE FAITH.
To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting. Whereas We for divers good causes and considerations Us thereunto moving are graciously pleased to confer on the Towns of Brighton and Hove the status of a city Now Therefore Know Ye that We of Our especial grace and favour and mere motion do by these Presents ordain declare and direct that the TOWNS OF BRIGHTON AND HOVE shall henceforth have the status of a CITY and shall have all such rank liberties privileges and immunities as are incident to a City. In witness whereof We have caused Our Letters to be made Patent Witness Ourself at Westminster the thirty first day of January in the forty ninth year of our reign.
By Warrant under The Queens Sign Manual.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Brighton and Hove at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
- Office for National Statistics. "Census 2011 result shows increase in population of the South East". Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- Neighbourhood Statistics (2011-05-18). "Lead View Table". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- "Elections - dates and results". Brighton & Hove City Council. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "Who is the Mayor of Brighton & Hove?".
- "New chief wants Brighton and Hove's potential fulfilled". The Argus. 18 December 2012. Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- DVLA bans councils from database over abuses, BBC News, 8 December 2012, retrieved 10 December 2012
- http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/rank/jedi.asp statistics.gov.uk
- "The Brighton & Hove crest". Brighton & Hove City Council. Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
- includes hunting and forestry
- includes energy and construction
- includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
- "Brighton & Hove City Council". Retrieved 2007-08-20.