Brill (fish)

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For other uses of the word Brill, see Brill (disambiguation).
Brill
Scophthalmus rhombus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Scophthalmidae
Genus: Scophthalmus
Species: S. rhombus
Binomial name
Scophthalmus rhombus
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The brill, Scophthalmus rhombus, is a species of flatfish in the turbot family (Scophthalmidae) of the order Pleuronectiformes. Brill can be found in the North Atlantic, Baltic Sea, and Mediterranean, primarily in deeper offshore waters.[1]

Brill have slender bodies, brown covered with lighter and darker coloured flecks, excluding the tailfin; the underside of the fish is usually cream coloured or pinkish white. Like other flatfish the brill has the ability to match its colour to the surroundings. Brills are on average between 40 cm to 75 cm in length and weigh up 3 kg. Part of the dorsal fin of the fish is not connected to the fin membrane, which gives the fish a frilly appearance. They are sometimes confused with the Turbot (Psetta maxima), which is more diamond-shaped, which is related and with which hybrids can be produced. On the west coast of Canada local fisherman refer to the Petrale Sole, Eopsetta jordanii, as brill.

Name in other languages[edit]

Brill
Language Name
Galician Coruxo
French Barbue
Italian Rombo Liscio
Catalan Rèmol
Danish Slethvar
Dutch Griet
Polish Nagład
Swedish Slätvar
Norwegian Slettvar
German Glattbutt
Romanian Calcan
Greek Καλκάνι (Calcani)
Portuguese Rodovalho
Slovene Gladki romb
Spanish Rombo
Finnish Silokampela
Ukrainian Калкан гладенький
Estonian Sile kammeljas
Lithuanian Rombas

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whiteman, Kate (2000). The world encyclopedia of Fish and Shellfishes. Hermes House. p. 256. ISBN 1-84309-666-8. 

External links[edit]

  • Brill, in What Am I Eating? A Food Dictionary