Brinsworth shown within South Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|– London||140 mi (230 km) SSE|
|Metropolitan county||South Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Brinsworth is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, in South Yorkshire, England. It is situated close to the River Rother between Rotherham (to the north-east) and Sheffield (to the south-west). At the time of the 2001 census it had a population of 8,950.
Brinsworth is located about 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the site of a Roman fort at Templeborough. Remains thought to be part of the Roman road called Icknield Street, which passed the fort, were discovered on White Hill in 1948, between Brinsworth and Canklow. Other Roman remains found on White Hill by a team led by Dorothy Greene, Keeper of Roman Antiquities at Rotherham's Clifton Park Museum, included nine roads in a grid 926 ft by 490 ft at grid reference SK420905. In addition, walls of buildings were traced including what may have been a temple platform, and pottery dating from the late 2nd and 3rd centuries was found. This area has been suggested[by whom?] as one of the possible locations for the Battle of Brunanburh, which took place in 937.
The earliest known written reference to Brinsworth appears in the 1086 Domesday Book, where it is referred to as "Brynesford", a name thought[by whom?] to mean 'Bryni's ford'. At this time the land was mostly 'waste', having been decimated in the 'Harrying of the North' that took place following the Norman conquest of England, and it was divided between Roger de Busli and William de Percy.
The village grew in the 19th century as coal mines were sunk in the surrounding area, and by 1891 the population was 1,656. New housing estates were built around Brinsworth in the 1950s, increasing the population to its current level.
The Church of England parish church is St Andrew and is joined with St Mary at Catcliffe. Local public houses are the Fairways Hotel, Phoenix Sports and Social Club, The Three Magpies, The Yorkshire Terrier and The Waverley. Two recently closed pubs were The Atlas and The Sidings. The Sidings re-opened as a free house in December 2010, and closed again in April 2014.
Brinsworth has three primary schools: Brinsworth Howarth, situated next to Catcliffe on Whitehill lane; Brinsworth Whitehill, at the very highest point of Brinsworth at its centre; and Brinsworth Manor, the largest, located in the middle of the old village. The village secondary school is Brinsworth Comprehensive.
References and notes
- Wood, Michael (2001). "Chapter 11. Tinsley Wood". In Search of England: Journeys into the English Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 212–213. ISBN 0-520-23218-6.
- "Roman Britain in 1948: I. Sites Explored". The Journal of Roman Studies 39: 101. 1949.
- "History of Brinsworth". Brinsworth Parish Council. Retrieved 25 March 2007.
- Media related to Brinsworth at Wikimedia Commons
- Parish council
- Brinsworth in the Domesday Book