|Aerial view of Brisbane Airport|
|IATA: BNE – ICAO: YBBN|
|Operator||Brisbane Airport Corporation Pty Limited|
|Location||Brisbane Airport, Queensland|
|Elevation AMSL||13 ft / 4 m|
|Economic impact (2012)||$7.3 billion|
|Social impact (2012)||50.7 thousand|
Passenger and aircraft movements from the Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE) and Airservices Australia
Brisbane Airport (IATA: BNE, ICAO: YBBN) is the sole passenger airport serving Brisbane, Queensland, located in the suburb Brisbane Airport and is the third busiest airport in Australia after Sydney Airport and Melbourne Airport. Brisbane Airport has won many awards. Brisbane is currently served with 46 domestic destinations in all States and Territories and 32 international destinations. For the 12 months ending May 2011 total passengers were 20,056,416.
It is a major hub for Virgin Australia, and a secondary hub for both Qantas and its low cost subsidiary Jetstar. It is part of the Brisbane–Sydney air route, which is the twelfth busiest passenger air route in the world, and the seventh busiest in the Asia-Pacific region. It also serves the Brisbane–Melbourne air route, which is the 34th busiest passenger air route in the world Brisbane Airport also has the most domestic connections following Sydney Airport.
Brisbane Airport is home to Qantas' 767-300 and A330 heavy maintenance facility. Virgin Australia has a smaller maintenance facility at the Airport, where line-maintenance on the Airline's 737 fleet is performed. Other airlines, namely QantasLink, and Alliance Airlines also conduct maintenance at their respective facilities at the Airport.
The airport has international and domestic passenger terminals, a cargo terminal, a general aviation terminal and apron as well as two runways. Brisbane Airport is accessible from the central business district by the Gateway Motorway and the Airtrain rail service, which is linked to the Citytrain suburban network. The new Airport Link motorway now connects the Brisbane CBD and the airport.
The airport was awarded the IATA Eagle Award in 2005, the second of only two Australian airports to receive such award. Brisbane Airport was voted the best airport in the Australia-Pacific region and the airport with the friendliest staff in the world in the 2008 Skytrax World Airport Awards. In 2009 it was voted the best airport in Australia and again won the friendliest staff award for the Asia Pacific region. The International terminal has also won the Queensland architecture award. In 2010 it was again voted the "Best Australian Airport" by Skytrax and made the world's top 20 airports. It received this honour again in 2013, being ranked as the 21st best airport in the world and 8th regarding staff service.
- 1 History
- 2 Terminals
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Prospective flights
- 5 Transport
- 6 Development projects
- 7 Operations
- 8 Traffic and statistics
- 9 Accidents and incidents
- 10 Notes
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Due to its flat surface, Eagle Farm, originally a farming area, was announced as an aerodrome in 1925. Although Qantas started operations there in 1926, most of the flights in Brisbane operated at the Archerfield Airport, which contained a superior landing surface. While in operation, Charles Kingsford Smith landed there on 9 June 1928, after completing the first trans-pacific flight in his Fokker F.VII, the Southern Cross. There is now a museum containing the original aircraft, along with a memorial located within the Brisbane Airport precinct.
During the Second World War, Brisbane was the headquarters of the Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the South West Pacific Area, General Douglas MacArthur. The United States armed forces upgraded the airfield to cater for military flights, bringing it to such a standard that it became the main civilian airport for the city.
By the 1970s it was clear that the facilities at Eagle Farm were inadequate for a city of Brisbane's size and anticipated growth. Many long-haul international services to Asia were required to make an en route stop (i.e. Darwin), disadvantaging the city to lure prospective carriers and business opportunities.
The domestic terminals for T.A.A. and Ansett were reached from Lamington Avenue – near the Doomben Racecourse. The main runway ran from there to the north-east, and its north-east end survives as taxiway Papa of the present airport. The international terminal was in the earlier years, on the same apron as the domestic terminals, but in 1975 a new terminal was built near the other end of the runway, and was used for the next twenty years. This terminal is now the cargo terminal for Brisbane Airport.
The then Eagle Farm Airport's runways were: Main Runway 04/22 2,365m x 60m (7,760 x 197 ft) and secondary runway 1,539x 30m (5,049 x 98 ft), in a T-shape, with the main runway roughly parallel to the river. The main runway had a full parallel taxiway, Runway edge lighting was provided on all runways, T-VASIS lighting on runways 04 & 22, and high intensity Calvert white precision approach lighting on runway 22. Navigation aids were a VOR/DME beacon, a NDB, and an instrument landing system category one on runway 22. 2,421,109 passengers used the airport in 1977. (From Airports of the World by John Stroud, Putnam & Co., London, 1980). Much of the old Eagle Farm disappeared under the Gateway Motorway.
The Federal Government announced the construction of a new airport to be built immediately north of Eagle Farm. The new airport was built by Leighton Holdings and opened in 1988 with a brand new domestic terminal and two runways. The new airport was built on the former Brisbane residential suburb of Cribb Island that was demolished to make way for the airport. Large amounts of sand were pumped from nearby Moreton Bay to bring much of the swampy land above the range of tides.
The new facilities included: a domestic terminal; new state-of-the-art maintenance facilities; new freight apron at the existing passenger terminal; two runways (one is 3500 meters long and other is 1700 meters) with parallel taxiway systems (cater for Code F+ aircraft); new access roads and parking facilities; and as well as a new 75 m (246 ft) tall ATC tower. In 1995 the current international terminal opened, and it has been expanded since that time.
As part of the privatisation of numerous Australian airports, the airport was acquired from the Federal Airports Corporation on a 99-year lease by a consortium of governmental and financial interests led by Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, which now holds the management contract for the facility. The airport is also a partner in the Australia TradeCoast economic development zone.
Brisbane Airport has two passenger terminals.
International Terminal [I]
The International Terminal was built in 1995 and has 12/14 (2 A380s or 4 A320s) parking bays served by aerobridges. Overall, with the expansion of the international terminal, there are 12 parking bays throughout the terminal, 2 being A380 ready, the rest single. In 2012 the international terminal can now accommodate 17 aircraft. There is 6 more parking bays at the old international terminal. Two gates can now accommodate the Airbus A380 which flies daily to Auckland (Emirates). The Emirates Airbus A380s commenced services to Brisbane on 2 October 2013. The International Terminal has 4 levels: Level 1 houses airlines, baggage handlers and tourism operators, Level 2 handles arrivals, Level 3 houses the departure lounge, and Level 4 houses departure check-in.
The airport also contains an Emirates Airline first class lounge, the first outside Dubai that has direct access to the A380 aerobridges. The terminal also features Air New Zealand, Qantas and Singapore Airlines lounges.
The terminal also has a 5 storey, $35m long term carpark and a smaller short term carpark.
Domestic Terminal [D]
The Domestic Terminal has three distinct areas serving Qantas and Qantaslink at the northern end of the building, Virgin Australia at the southern end of the building, and other carriers such as Jetstar, Tiger and Skytrans are located in the centre at the common user section.
The Qantas concourse has 9 bays served by aerobridges including 1 served by a dual bridge. It has three lounges – the Qantas Club, Business Class and Chairman's Lounge. Virgin Australia occupies what was the former Ansett Australia end of the terminal. Its concourse has 11 parking bays, six of which are served by aerobridges (all single bridges). It has one lounge – The Virgin Australia Lounge which is located in the former Golden Wing Club opposite Gate 41.
Remote bays are located to the north and south of the building (serving non-jet aircraft), and in the central area (serving jet aircraft).
Hawker Pacific Private Flight Facility [HP]
Located on the South-eastern side of the airport on Boronia Drive, the Hawker Pacific Private Flight Facility handles private flights, VIP aircraft movements, and Alliance Airlines departures (from March 2013).
Airlines and destinations
- ^1 These flights may make an intermediate stop en route to and/or from their listed final destination; however the airlines have no traffic rights to carry passengers solely between Brisbane and the intermediate Australian stop.
- ^2 Despite this being an international destination, the flight departs from the domestic terminal and makes an intermediate stop en route for processing.
(#) Denotes charter flights.
The following airlines operate scheduled cargo flights from Brisbane. All cargo services operate from the Freight Terminal.
|Pacific Air Express||Honiara, Nauru, Port Vila|
|Pel-Air for DHL||Mackay, Rockhampton, Sydney|
|Qantas Freight||Cairns, Melbourne, Townsville|
|Toll Aviation operated by Jetcraft Aviation||Adelaide, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Sydney|
|Toll Priority||Melbourne, Perth, Sydney|
- Royal Flying Doctor Service (Emergency Medical Retrieval and outback medical clinics)
- Air China – studying the possibility of introducing services to Brisbane
- Japan Airlines – studying the possibility of reintroducing flights to Brisbane as early as November 2013
- Air Canada - has flagged services to Brisbane as a possibility upon delivery of new aircraft
- Connect Jet - new regional upstart has flagged the possibility of commencing flights from Dubbo to Brisbane
- Gold Air Bendigo - new regional airline upstart has flagged the possibility of commencing flights to Brisbane in the future
- Garuda Indonesia - the airline has signaled its intention to further expand Australian services, with Brisbane to Jakarta services under study
Brisbane Airport has 4 car-parks, all operating 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. There are 2 multi-level undercover car parks, the international, providing short and long term services, and the domestic also provides long and short term parking. Qantas and Virgin Australia also offer Valet Parking at the domestic terminal only. The total car spaces to 9,000. Including in domestic parking is also a valet service with full car wash and cleaning services.
The airport has two railway stations as part of a privately owned airport rail line. The International Terminal railway station is elevated and located next to the International terminal, as is the Domestic railway station. Both stations are privately owned and operated by the Airtrain consortium. As as result fares are more expensive than a regular suburban ticket however less than half the taxi fare. The Airtrain travels via the Citytrain suburban network to Fortitude Valley and Brisbane CBD, with most trains continuing to the Gold Goast via South Bank. Trains operate between 6:00 am and 10:00 pm, with services running every 30 minutes or 15 minutes in peak times.
There is an inter-terminal bus connecting the two terminals, and the nearby, Skygate Shopping Precinct, DFO and Novotel Hotel. Services run between 5:00 am and 11:00 pm for Terminal Transfers, and 6:00 am to 6:00 pm for the DFO Shopping Precinct.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2008)|
Domestic terminal expansion
A staged upgrade and expansion of Brisbane Airport’s Domestic Terminal Precinct has commenced. The first two stages are the Common User Satellite Project and the new Multi Level Car Park.
Brisbane Airport’s Domestic Terminal is a curved building. The three ‘satellites’ extending beyond the building provide additional passenger lounge facilities for airlines. Two of the satellites at Brisbane Airport are complete (i.e. full circles) and the third satellite (in the centre area used by Jetstar and other regional airlines) is currently a horseshoe shape.
The Common User Satellite Upgrade Project will turn the horseshoe shaped satellite into a shape similar to the other satellites. Capacity of the Common User Satellite will increase and on completion there will be additional aircraft gates, lounges, food outlets, airline offices and facilities for other operational requirements. Construction of the new nine-level car park will commence mid-2010 and once complete, the car park will provide around 5,000 new undercover car parks, bringing the total number of car park spaces within the Domestic Terminal precinct to around 9,000.
On 15 November 2010 construction commenced on a major expansion of Qantas' baggage room facilities, in order to meet continued increasing demand. This development has seen the ground floor of the domestic terminal extended out to the airside roadway between the Qantas satellite and Gate 25.
New parallel runway
On 18 September 2007, the federal government granted approval for the construction of a new runway at Brisbane airport. The proposed $1.3 billion new runway would take approximately eight years to construct and would generate about 2,700 jobs. The 3,300 m (10,800 ft) runway is being built on swamp land to the west of the terminal area and existing north/south runway, and will operate in parallel. The long construction period is due to the settling period of the millions of tonnes of sand fill that is to be dredged from Moreton Bay.
Proposals to build a parallel runway eventually (when it is necessary) have been the subject of controversy led by some local politicians. This was a key element of the airport's master plan, approved by the Australian Government in 2003. Under Federal Law, developments at major privatised Australian airports do not require approval by local or state planning authorities.
The business case for new parallel runway was based on the premise of continuing growth in air traffic demand and assumed low fuel prices into the future. Criticisms of these assumptions have already been vindicated by cutbacks on the part of numerous airlines in response to increasing fuel prices. On 13 April 2009, it was announced that the new parallel runway's construction would not commence until 2018 due to the global financial crisis. In February 2012, it was announced work on the second runway would commence in July of that year and in operation by 2020. However, as of March 2013, airport operators refused to guarantee that the second runway would be constructed
On 19 June 2013, Virgin Australia and Brisbane Airport Corporation issued a statement saying that "Brisbane Airport Corporation Pty Ltd (BAC) and Virgin Australia Airlines Pty Ltd (Virgin Australia) have reached an agreement that will enable significant enhancements to Virgin Australia’s facilities and support the development of critical infrastructure at Brisbane Airport." This major step forward now allows Virgin Australia the right to upgrade the Virgin Australia domestic terminal, 10 year access to the runway and support for the runway and the sale and lease-back of the Virgin Australia hangar at Brisbane Airport.
To help relieve congestion between Brisbane and the airport, the Queensland Government, Brisbane City Council, and a Theiss/John Holland/Macquarie Bank consortium (BrisConnections) built the Airport Link project. It includes the longest tunnel in Australia (over 8 km (5.0 mi); 6 lanes) from the interchange between the Inner City Bypass and Clem Jones Tunnel (the 2nd longest tunnel in Australia) to the Airport Flyover over an improved Gateway Overpass which leads on to Airport Drive, cutting 16 sets of traffic lights. It was completed in mid-2012.
The new Northern Access Road project, completed in Dec 2009, is expected to dramatically reduce traffic congestion on Airport Drive. Moreton Drive, the 5 km (3.1 mi), multi-lane road network, linking Gateway Motorway with the airport Terminals, provides airport users with a second major access route to terminals and on-airport businesses.
Brisbane, along with Melbourne Airport, Perth Airport and Sydney Airport, are having terminal modifications to accommodate the new Airbus A380. The A380 first arrived in Australia at Brisbane on 14 November 2005. The first scheduled passenger service of the Airbus A380 arrived at Brisbane on 8 November 2010, when Emirates service EK413 travelling from Auckland to Sydney diverted due to poor weather in Sydney which resulted in the closure of the airport.
The Brisbane FIR consists of New South Wales north of Sydney, all of Queensland, most of the Northern Territory and the northern half of Western Australia. It also contains the Australian Tasman Sea airspace. Brisbane Centre is located adjacent to Brisbane Tower at Brisbane Airport. It also contains Brisbane Approach.
Due to the nature of the airspace it controls most international flights in and out of Australia (except Indian Ocean flights), and domestic flights operating to airports within the FIR. From Brisbane Centre, Airservices Australia manages the airspace over the northern half of Australia, representing 5 per cent of the world’s total airspace. As only two of eight capitals are located in the Brisbane FIR, it handles a lesser volume of traffic than Melbourne Centre. However, Sydney is on the border of the two FIRs, and thus Brisbane Centre has control of flights arriving or departing in Sydney from the North.
Traffic and statistics
Brisbane Airport, along with Sydney Airport, Melbourne Airport and Perth Airport, have had terminal modifications to accommodate the new Airbus A380, The A380 first arrived at Brisbane on 14 November 2005. Brisbane Airport's annual passenger numbers are expected to reach more than 25.6 million by 2015 and around 50 million by 2035 Brisbane Airport recorded more than 18.5 million passengers in 2007–08. 4.1 million of those were international, with the remaining 14.4 million being domestic
Accidents and incidents
On 15 February 2012, a Toll Aviation Fairchild Metro III freighter came to rest on its fuselage about 2.30 am. Neither of the two pilots was injured. The landing gear on the light plane failed to go down during testing after maintenance.
Alternative Airports to Brisbane Airport
- Sunshine Coast Airport
- Gold Coast Airport
- Toowoomba Airport
- Ballina/Byron Gateway Airport
- Lismore Airport
- Brisbane Airport (suburb) a suburb of Brisbane
- Transport in Australia
- United States Army Air Forces in Australia (World War II)
- List of airports in Queensland
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brisbane Airport.|
- Brisbane Airport official website
- Brisbane Airport Retail Management Division
- Review of the international terminal on LateDeparture.com