|Revenue||A$284.08 million (09/10)|
|Operating income||A$1.161 million (09/10)|
|Net income||A$814,000 (09/10)|
|Owner(s)||Brisbane City Council|
Brisbane Transport is a business unit of Brisbane City Council, operating suburban and urban bus services under the TransLink integrated public transport scheme in Brisbane, the state capital of Queensland, Australia. The origins of Brisbane Transport can be seen as far back as 1885 when horse trams serviced Brisbane. Before the council had withdrawn support in 1961, the council supported the trams by expanding the network and upgrading the fleet of trams. This was the start of the Brisbane City Council's investment in public transport.
In 2010, the Government of Queensland and Brisbane City Council's support for public transport has never been higher with over 1,061 buses in service, Translink and the construction and upgrade of key infrastructure such as busways. Brisbane Transport enjoys the use of the network of Brisbane busways consisting of the South-East Busway, Northern Busway and the Eastern Busway, which are grade separated from other roads and are served by large stations.
The origins of Brisbane Transport can be seen as far back as 1885 where the Metropolitan Tramways and Investment Company established horse trams to service Brisbane under franchise from the Queensland Government. The tram system remained in private hands until 1922 when the Queensland government established the Brisbane Tramways Trust, compulsorily acquiring the tram network and supporting infrastructure, then in 1925 creating the Brisbane City Council and transferring responsibility for the tram network to the council. Before the council withdrew support in 1961, the council supported the tram network by expanding it and upgrading the fleet of trams.
First bus services was started in 1925 by the Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council shut down bus services due to financial loss in 1927, but bus services was recommenced 13 years later, in 1940. By 1940 the council was operating 12 diesel buses.
The first Rocket services began on the morning of 18 April 1977 between Garden City and the Brisbane CBD. These services were based on the idea that bus travel time could be reduced to less than the travel time by car by the removal of most embarkation stops.
In the 1990s, Brisbane City Council corporatised its transport services to form Brisbane Transport, a council-owned commercial businesses managed at arm's length from the council and providing consultancy services back to it. In 2010 however government and Brisbane City Council support for public transport have never been higher with over 1061 buses in service, Translink, construction of key infrastructure such as busways and upgrade of key infrastructure.
Bus upgrade zone
Bus upgrade zones (BUZ) are high-frequency bus routes mostly running direct to the Cultural Centre. All BUZ services run at least every fifteen minutes from around 6:00am to 11:00pm seven days a week and at least every ten minutes during peak hours from Monday to Friday.
CityGlider is a high frequency pre-paid bus service around the Brisbane CBD, operating every five minutes during peak and every 10 to 15 minutes during off-peak. This is the first service in Brisbane to operate 24 hours on Friday and Saturday and 18 hours every other day. Bus stops serviced by the CityGlider are identified with signs and painted kerb.
CLEM7 (Route 77) is a bus route using the Clem Jones Tunnel (CLEM7) which links the suburbs of Eight Mile Plains and Chermside, the route runs every 15 minutes at peak times and 30 minutes at off-peak, Monday to Friday.
The route started on 22 March 2010 with a cost of $1.6 million. The route have made it easier for commuters travelling from Eight Mile Plains to get to Chermside and vice versa, without transferring at Cultural Centre. The route completes the 30 km cross-city journey in 39 minutes instead of up to 55 minutes via the Brisbane CBD.
P88 is a prepaid fare bus route using the South East Busway, Captain Cook Bridge and Coronation Drive which links the suburbs of Eight Mile Plains, Brisbane City and Indooroopilly. The route runs every 10 minutes at peak times and 15 minutes at all other times.
The route started on the 13 December 2010. The route have made it easier for commuters travelling from Eight Mile Plains to get to Indooroopilly and vice versa, without transferring at Cultural Centre or Brisbane City. The route takes 41 minutes to travel from terminus to terminus. After 21 July 2013, this bus was removed since duplication with other high frequency routes.
Brisbane Transport currently operates approximately 1,180 buses.
Almost a third of the total fleet are MAN 18.310s, delivered from 2005 to 2010, mostly with CNG engines. The rest of the regular rigid fleet consists of diesel-powered Volvo B7RLEs (delivered 2010-current), CNG-powered Scania L94UBs (2000–2005), and smaller numbers of older Mercedes-Benz OC500LEs, Volvo B10Ls and Volvo B10Ms. The B10Ms are the only high-floor, non-accessible buses remaining in the BT fleet, and are being progressively withdrawn as new buses come on line. The last non-airconditioned B10Ms were withdrawn in 2011.
BT operates two models of three-axle "tag" buses, the CNG-powered Scania K310UB (2008) and the diesel Volvo B12BLE (2008-current). These larger buses are used on trunk routes where more capacity is needed, mostly on the South East Busway.
The only articulated buses currently used by BT are the CNG-powered MAN NG313s, delivered from 2005 to 2008.
Withdrawn bus models operated by the Brisbane City Council include non-airconditioned B10Ms (known colloquially as "butterboxes") introduced for World Expo 88, MAN SL200s, Volvo B59s, Leyland Panthers introduced en masse in the 1960s to replace withdrawn trams, and AEC Regal IVs.
||This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (August 2010)|
Brisbane Transport operates its services from eight different depots around the Brisbane City Council area. Many of these depots can share routes with other depots in overlapping areas. Generally, each of Brisbane Transport's buses are allocated to a particular depot, and displays a letter prefix for that depot before its bus number on at least the front and rear of its body, and occasionally rooftops.
|Depot||Letter Code||Location||Opened||Closed||CNG Fuelling||Services / Comments|
|Bowen Hills||A||2000||-||No||Some northern routes; all routes between New Farm and West End|
|Carina||C||1969||-||No||All eastern routes and some south-eastern routes from Garden City to Wynnum and Bulimba|
|Garden City||G||1994||-||Yes||South-eastern routes from Browns Plains and Sunnybank, to Wishart and Coorparoo. This depot is also the location of Brisbane Transport's head office.|
|Richlands||R||1997||-||No||A satellite depot of the Toowong depot, it shares services on western routes, and some services to Garden City.|
|Sherwood||S||2012||-||No||Western, south-western and north-western routes.|
|Toowong||T||1967||–||Yes||South Western and North West Routes from Brookside and The Gap, to Inala and Forest Lake.|
|Virginia||V||1998||-||Yes||The majority of northern routes from Nudgee Beach and Brighton, to Brookside and the Gap.|
|Willawong||W||2009||-||Yes||Primarily Southern routes, and shares routes with other southern depots.|
|Larapinta||L||2007||2012||No||A satellite depot of Carina, Garden City and Willawong depots, it shared southern, western and eastern services. Originally a temporary bus depot until the Willawong depot opened, it remained open as a satellite depot, sharing routes with other southern depots, until 20 February 2012.|
|Bracken Ridge||B||1996||2001||No||Only ever considered a short-term depot by Brisbane Transport, it was closed in 2001, several years after the Virginia depot had opened.|
|Cribb Street, Milton||-||?||1983||No||Never a formal depot, this area of land was occasionally used by the council as temporary storage for buses owing to its proximity to the Milton bus and tram workshops. Last used in 1983.|
|Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba||-||1969?||1974||No||Shared with trams, buses parked in the depot forecourt and at the rear (eastern end) of the tram sheds. Between 1969 and 1974, the depot was used solely by buses. The site was subsequently sold by the Brisbane City Council for commercial redevelopment. One bay of the depot building was dismantled and re-erected at the Brisbane Tramway Museum at Ferny Grove.|
|Light Street, Newstead||L||1885||?||No||Closed for commercial redevelopment, first used as a transport depot in 1885 when it was the main tram depot for Brisbane's horse tram network. Until 1968, the depot was shared with trams with buses parked along the western (Wickham Street) frontage and north of the tram shed. When the tram shed was demolished, buses were parked where the shed once stood.|
|Milton||-||?||1969||No||Shared with trolleybuses and closed when the trolleybus network was abandoned in 1969. The site is now part of the King's Row business park, although the Brisbane City Council still has a parks works depot there.|
- "Mass transit investigation report". Brisbane City Council. September 2007. p. 17. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Annual Report 2009-2010. Brisbane City Council. p. 6. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- Manfred, Cross (1997), "Alfred James Jones: Labor's first lord mayor", in Shaw, Barry, Brisbane:Corridors of Power, Papers 15, Brisbane: Brisbane History Group Inc, p. 158, ISBN 0-9586469-1-0
- Cole, John R. (1984). Shaping a city. Albion, Queensland: William Brooks Queensland. p. 330. ISBN 0-85568-619-7.
- TransLink. BUZ network map (Map). http://download.translink.com.au/maps/091001_buz.pdf. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- "TransLink Bus Timetables". Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- Trenwith, Courtney (11 April 2010). "Brisbane's 24-hour buses hit the road". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
- Minister for Transport The Honourable Rachel Nolan (01 March 2010). "77 in Clem 7 crosses north-south divide". Ministerial Media Statements. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
- Otto, Patrick. "Brisbane Transport Buses". btbuses.info. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- Otto, Patrick. "About BT". Retrieved 1 January 2013.