Brisingida

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Brisingida
Manningstar 600.jpg
Brisingid sea star
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Subphylum: Eleutherozoa
Class: Asteroidea
Order: Brisingida
Fisher, 1928
Families

see text

The Brisingida are an order of deep-sea-dwelling sea stars.[1][2]

Description[edit]

These starfish have between six and 16 long, attenuated arms which they use for suspension feeding.[3] Other characteristics include a single series of marginals, a fused ring of disc plates, the lack of actinal plates, a spool-like ambulacral column, reduced abactinal plates, and crossed pedicellariae.[4]

Distribution[edit]

Brisingida occur in a number of deep-sea locations, particularly in the Caribbean and New Zealand.[5]

An orange brisingid on black coral at 1,950 m in California, Davidson Seamount

Taxonomy[edit]

The Brisingida contain two families, with 18 genera:[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 336–351 (look up in IMIS) [details]
  • Clark, A.M. and M.E. Downey. (1992). Starfishes of the Atlantic. Chapman & Hall Identification Guides, 3. Chapman & Hall: London, UK. ISBN 0-412-43280-3. xxvi, 794 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details]
  • Downey. M.E. (1986). Revision of the Atlantic Brisingida (Echinodermata: Asteroidea), with description of a new genus and family. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No.435. 57pp. [details]
  • Fisher, W.K. (1917). New genera and species of Brisingidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 20(8): 418-431. [details]
  • Sladen, W.P. (1889). Report on the Asteroidea. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, Zoology 30(51): xlii + 893 pages 118 plates. [details]
  • Clark, A.M.and Mah, C. (2001). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 4. Forcipulatida and Brisingida, in: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (2001). Echinoderm Studies, 6: pp. 229–347 (look up in IMIS) [details]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Asteroidea". Tolweb.org. 2004-10-07. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  2. ^ a b Mah, C. (2014). "Brisingida". In C. L. Mah. World Asteroidea database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  3. ^ "Asterozoa: Fossil groups: SciComms 05-06: Earth Sciences". Palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk. 2005-11-22. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  4. ^ Revision of the Atlantic Brisingida (Echinodermata: Asteroidea), with Description of a New Genus and Family
  5. ^ "Data Use Agreement - GBIF Portal". Gbif.net. 2007-02-22. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  6. ^ Mah, C. (2014). "Brisingidae G.O. Sars, 1875". In C. L. Mah. World Asteroidea database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  7. ^ "Antarctic Invertebrates: Brisingida". Invertebrates.si.edu. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  8. ^ Mah, C. (2014). "Freyellidae Downey, 1986". In C. L. Mah. World Asteroidea database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2014-05-23.