|Nickname(s): Mum City, Bell City|
Location in Hartford County, Connecticut
|• Mayor||Ken Cockayne (R) |
|• Total||26.8 sq mi (69.4 km2)|
|• Land||26.4 sq mi (68.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|Elevation||305 ft (93 m)|
|• Density||2,300/sq mi (870/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||06010 - 06011|
|GNIS feature ID||0205727|
Bristol is a suburban city located in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Hartford. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 60,477. Bristol is primarily known as the home of ESPN, whose central studios are in the city. Bristol is also home to Lake Compounce, America's oldest still-functioning theme park. Bristol was known as a clock-making city in the 19th century, and is home to the American Clock & Watch Museum. Bristol's nicknames include the "Bell City", because of a history manufacturing innovative spring-driven doorbells, and the "Mum City", because it was once a leader in chrysanthemum production and still holds an annual Bristol Mum Festival. In 2010, Bristol was ranked 84th on Money Magazine's "Best Places to Live". In 2013, Hartford Magazine ranked Bristol as Greater Hartford's top municipality in the "Best Bang for the Buck" category.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Education
- 4 Public safety
- 5 Revitalization
- 6 Attractions
- 7 Sports
- 8 Media
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 Economy
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Gallery
- 13 References
- 14 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.8 square miles (69.5 km2), of which 26.4 square miles (68.4 km2) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), or 1.51%, is water. The city contains several distinct sections, including Chippens Hill in the northwestern quarter of Bristol, Edgewood in the northeastern quarter, and Forestville, in the southeastern quarter. The majority of Bristol is residential, though since 2008 there has been a push for commercial development in the city. The Central Connecticut Regional Planning Agency is the metropolitan planning organization for Bristol, New Britain, and surrounding towns.
Forestville was the hunting grounds of the Tunxis tribe until the 19th century. The village was established in 1833 and named Forestville for its wooded surroundings. Forestville today has grown into a mini-metropolis of suburban neighborhoods and local businesses. The official boundaries of Forestville are the Plainville town line, the Southington town line, Middle Street, west of properties on the west side of King Street (including both Kingswood Drive and Burnside Drive and properties thereof), south of properties on the south side of Louisiana Avenue, west of properties on the west side of Brook Street north of Louisiana Avenue, and up to Farmington Avenue. Within the Forestville area, there are two subsections known as East Bristol and the Stafford District. Those subsections are similar to Plantsville, Connecticut's Marion and Milldale. Forestville village has a library (Manross), post office, meeting hall, community group (Forestville Village Association), fire station, cemetery, funeral home, two urban parks (Quinlan Veterans Park and Clock Tower Park), Pequabuck Duck Race, Memorial Day Parade, Summer Concert Night, Pumpkin Festival, and a railroad station (no longer in use). At one time all of Forestville had its own zip code.
|Historical population of
As of the census of 2000, there were 60,062 people, 24,886 households, and 16,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,265.8 inhabitants per square mile (874.8/km²). There were 26,125 housing units at an average density of 985.6 per square mile (380.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 86.33% White, 2.68% African American, 5.27% Hispanic, 0.22% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.40% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races.
In 2000 there were 24,886 households in Bristol, of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% consisted of a sole resident who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38, and the average family size was 2.94.
The age diversity at the 2000 census was 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city in 2000 was $47,422, and the median income for a family was $58,259. Males had a median income of $40,483 versus $30,584 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,362. 6.6% of the population and 4.8% of families were living below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.7% of those under the age of 18 and 5.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005|
|Party||Active Voters||Inactive Voters||Total Voters||Percentage|
Education in Bristol is conducted using ten elementary schools (grades kindergarten through five), three middle schools (grades six, seven and eight), and two high schools. In addition to these public schools, there are also a number of private Catholic schools available. These add an additional four kindergarten through grade 8 schools and one additional high school.
A recent press release shows good scores on the Connecticut Academic Performance Test, a standardized test which students take statewide in tenth grade. The report states that more than 87% of Bristol students scored at or above the proficient level in each of the content areas assessed.
|Elementary schools||Middle schools||K-through-8 schools||High schools|
|Bingham School Closed June 2010 ||Chippens Hill Middle School ||St. Anthony's School ||Bristol Central High School|
|Edgewood School ||Memorial Boulevard Middle School Closed June 2012 ||St. Matthew's School ||Bristol Eastern High School|
|Greene-Hills School ||Northeast Middle School ||St. Joseph's School ||St. Paul Catholic High School|
|Hubbell School ||Immanuel Lutheran School |
|Ivy Drive School |
|Jennings School Closed June 2012 |
|Mountain View School |
|O'Connell School closed June 2012 |
|South Side School |
|Stafford School |
Recently, it has been proposed that the educational system of the city be redesigned. Because some of the schools are in historic buildings, new schools are being sought by the city. In addition, it has been proposed that the entire education system of the city be redesigned, eliminating the middle school category. In other words, all schools would be kindergarten through eighth grade or high school. The Bristol Board of Education's  appeals for support for this project have been met with mixed emotions.
Bristol's emergency medical services program has been provided by Bristol Hospital since 1977. It was designed to assume the responsibility previously carried by the Bristol Police Department. The Bristol Hospital's EMS are carried out using 6 emergency ambulances, 2 paramedic intercept vehicles and 4 wheelchair vans.
The Bristol, Connecticut Fire Department is a full-service fire department with five engine companies (or stations) and one tower company. The Bristol Board of Fire Commissioners consists of five members appointed by the Mayor who establish the primary policies of the fire department.
The Bristol Police Department is a full-service police department with approximately 125 sworn officers. In addition to a vehicular patrol division, downtown Bristol is also policed by a bicycle division and walking beat officers. During any shift, there may be as many as 20 officers on duty, not including detectives and officers from other divisions.
In recent years,[when?] Bristol has begun a renovation of the downtown area. This has included a complete overhaul of a park in the center of the city. In addition, an outdated and underused mall from the 1970s was recently demolished. Also, North Main Street, one of the busiest sections of downtown, was recently improved by adding islands in the road, elegant street lighting and a brick median when the road was repaved.
In the 1990s, the Blight Committee was formed to enforce appearance laws, and even demolish properties which it deems are unsightly and unkempt. This committee is tasked with ensuring that properties are not abandoned and that all properties are reasonably maintained.
In 2008, the Bristol Blight Committee was disbanded in order to make way for a new committee, the Bristol Code Enforcement Committee. This new committee has even greater powers and can now deal with both appearances and structural integrity issues of buildings in Bristol. The purpose of the committee is to streamline the process of enforcing the issues the former Blight Committee was tasked with. The law requires all structures to be free of "abandoned vehicles, nuisances, refuse, pollution and filth ... broken glass, loose shingles, holes, cracked or damaged siding, crumbling brick and other conditions 'reflective of deterioration or inadequate maintenance.'"
In addition to the Mum Festival, Bristol holds an annual street festival with a car show and a family farms weekend at Minors Farm, Shepherd Meadows and Roberts Orchard, similar to that of Southington's apple festival, all of which are held around September.
Mum Festival and Parade
The first Bristol Mum Festival began on July 7, 1962, and included a parade. The members of the Chamber of Commerce and City of Bristol officials met and completed a list of activities to take place over six days. They wanted to focus on the positive things that were occurring in Bristol. When the festival opened it was originally known as the "Fall Festival". In 1963 the chrysanthemum ("Mum") was also added to the festival's name. Prior to 1986 the nurseries in Bristol would produce over 80,000 mum plants.
Bristol has many parks: Peck, Page, Rockwell, Bracket, Barnes Nature Center, Indian Rock, Forestville Memorial and many more. The city is also home to Lake Compounce, the oldest continuously operated amusement park in North America, and to the New England Carousel Museum, the American Clock & Watch Museum, the Imagine Nation Children's Museum, Bristol Military Memorial Museum, Bristol Historical Society Museum and the Witch's Dungeon Classic Movie Museum. The Harry Barnes Memorial Nature Center comprises 70 acres (280,000 m2) of forest and fields, with nature trails and an interpretive center.
Bristol hosts the Little League New England and Mid-Atlantic Regional playoffs every August at the A. Bartlett Giamatti Little League Center. Bristol is also home to Muzzy Field, one of the oldest ballparks in the United States. In 2012 and 2013, the City of Bristol approved funding for a significant renovation project of the historic ballpark.
The companies below are some of the most notable in Bristol. These, in addition to Bristol Hospital, are the largest private employers in the area.
Founded in 1857 and headquartered in Bristol, Barnes Group is a diversified international manufacturer of precision metal components and assemblies and a distributor of industrial supplies, serving a wide range of markets and customers. Barnes Group consists of three businesses with 2005 sales of $1.1 billion.
Otis Elevator company
Though its beginnings were in Yonkers, New York, Otis Elevator Company possesses the largest elevator test tower in the United States in Bristol. Located near ESPN and Lake Compounce, the 383-foot (117 m)-high tower is easily visible from the surrounding roads.
CIGNA Insurance has a long history, part of which has roots in Bristol. As early as 1865, CIGNA can trace the roots of its corporation to the Connecticut General Life Insurance Company. As the company grew, an office was eventually opened in Bristol. Presently, CIGNA, among other insurance companies, provides many jobs for residents of the area.
According to Bristol's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|3||City of Bristol & Board of Education||1,656|
|4||Stephen AutoMall Centre||200|
|5||IDEX Health & Science||200|
|6||Sheriden Woods Health Care Center||180|
|8||Stop & Shop||150|
|9||Rowley Spring and Stamping||150|
|10||The Pines at Bristol||140|
- Amos Bronson Alcott, the father of Louisa May Alcott, taught school in Bristol on two different occasions: in 1823 and, after teaching in Cheshire for a time, again in Bristol from 1827-1828. Alcott later moved to Concord, Massachusetts where he became acquainted with many prominent Transcendentalists and literary figures.
- Gary Burghoff (1943-), the actor who played the character Corporal Walter "Radar" O'Reilly in both the film and television series M*A*S*H, was born in Bristol.
- John R. Broderick (1957-), President of Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia, was born in Bristol.
- Bob Crane (1928–1978), the actor who played the title role in the television series Hogan's Heroes, worked for WBIS radio station in Bristol early in his career.
- Chris Denorfia, Major League Baseball outfielder for the Seattle Mariners, was born in Bristol.
- Frank Filipetti, music producer, was born in Bristol.
- Aaron Hernandez, NFL tight end, was born in Bristol and attended Bristol Central High School.
- Gordon J. Humphrey (1940-), U.S. Senator from New Hampshire (1979–1991) was born in Bristol.
- Cliff Johnson, author of The Fool's Errand, was born in Bristol.
- Karen Josephson (1964-) and Sarah Josephson (1964-), twin sisters who won the silver medal in synchronized swimming at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea and the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain, were born in Bristol.
- Mike Reiss (1959-), longtime writer for "The Simpsons", is a Bristol native.
- Jim Rice and Fred Lynn debuted in their professional baseball careers playing for the Bristol Red Sox at Muzzy Field, a depression-era-built ballpark in Bristol.
- "City of Bristol, CT - Office of the Mayor 2". Ci.bristol.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bristol city, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "Connecticut Economic Digest: Labor Market Information". Connecticut Department of Labor. October 2001. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- "Best Places to Live 2010 - Top 100: City details: Bristol, CT - from MONEY Magazine". © 2010 Cable News Network. A Time Warner Company. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
- "City of Bristol, CT - Development Plans". City of Bristol, Zoning Board. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "Welcome". CCRPA. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Bristol, Connecticut: "in the Olden Time New Cambridge" page 543
- Street Map Bristol, Burlington 1855
- 1939 Bristol, Plainville, Terryville, Forestville Volume 51 Price and Lee City Directories.
- "Office of the Secretary of the State". Sots.state.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Our Schools". City of Bristol, Public Schools. 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "Bristol Public Schools" (PDF). City of Bristol, Public Schools. 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Bingham School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Chippens Hill MS". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Bristol Central HOME Page". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Edgewood School Homepage". Bristol.k12.ct.us. 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Memorial Boulevard HOME PAGE". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Bristol Eastern HS". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Greene-Hills School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. 2011-10-28. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Northeast Middle School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. 2011-09-12. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: E. P. Hubbell School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Ivy". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Jennings School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Mountain View School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: O'Connell School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: South Side School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Stafford School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Bristol Public Schools: Board of Education". Bristol.k12.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "City of Bristol, Public Schools: School Brochure" (PDF). Bristol Board of Education. 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "Bristol Hospital EMS". Bristol Hospital EMS. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "City of Bristol, CT - Fire Department". Ci.bristol.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "City of Bristol, CT - Patrol Division". City of Bristol. 2004. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "City of Bristol, CT - Downtown Revitalization". Arthur J. Ward, Mayor. 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "BDDC". Bristol Downtown Development Corporation. 2008. Retrieved mdy.
- "Titus Roberts House Justice". Ken Karl. November 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "Bristol Blog: Blight Committee Bites the Dust". Ken Karl. November 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "City of Bristol, CT - Parks & Facilities". Ci.bristol.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Little League Baseball". Little League Baseball Incorporated. 2005. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "Little League Baseball". Little League Baseball Incorporated. 2006. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "Little League Baseball". Little League Baseball Incorporated. 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "BristolPress.com". Bristol Press. 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "City of Bristol, CT - History". Ci.bristol.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "City of Bristol, CT - top ten". Ci.bristol.ct.us. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- [dead link]
- "Bristol, CT - North America's Tallest Elevator Test Tower". Roadsideamerica.com. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "CIGNA Company History". CIGNA Health Insurance. 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "City of Bristol CAFR" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-11-05.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bristol (Connecticut).|
- City of Bristol official website
- The Bristol Press
- American Clock and Watch Museum
- New England Carousel Museum
- Chrysanthemum Festival