|Traded as||NYSE: BMY
S&P 500 Component
|Headquarters||345 Park Avenue
New York City, United States
|Key people||Lamberto Andreotti, CEO|
|Revenue||US$18.8 Billion (FY 2009)|
|Operating income||US$5.34 Billion (FY 2009)|
|Net income||US$10.6 Billion (FY 2009)|
|Total assets||US$31.0 Billion (FY 2009)|
|Total equity||US$14.8 Billion (FY 2009)|
Bristol-Myers Squibb, often referred to as BMS, is an American pharmaceutical company, headquartered in New York City. The company was formed in 1989, following the merger of its predecessors Bristol-Myers and the Squibb Corporation. Squibb was founded in 1858 by Edward Robinson Squibb in Brooklyn, New York, while Bristol-Myers was founded in 1887 by William McLaren Bristol and John Ripley Myers in Clinton, New York (both were graduates of Hamilton College).
Bristol-Myers Squibb manufactures prescription pharmaceuticals in several therapeutic areas, including cancer, HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hepatitis, rheumatoid arthritis and psychiatric disorders. Its mission is to "discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases."
BMS' primary R&D sites are located in Princeton, New Jersey (formerly Squibb) and Wallingford, Connecticut (formerly Bristol-Myers), with other sites in Hopewell and New Brunswick, New Jersey, and in Braine-l'Alleud, Belgium, Tokyo, and Bangalore, India.
In 1999, President Clinton awarded Bristol-Myers Squibb the National Medal of Technology, the nation's highest recognition for technological achievement, "for extending and enhancing human life through innovative pharmaceutical research and development and for redefining the science of clinical study through groundbreaking and hugely complex clinical trials that are recognized models in the industry."
A major restructuring involves focusing on the pharmaceutical business and biologic products, along with productivity initiatives and cost-cutting and streamlining business operations through a multi-year program of on-going layoffs. As another cost-cutting measure Bristol-Myers also reduced subsidies for health-care to retirees and plans to freeze their pension plan at the end of 2009.
In November 2009, Bristol-Myers Squibb announced that it was "splitting off" Mead Johnson Nutrition by offering BMY shareholders the opportunity to exchange their stock for shares in Mead Johnson. According to Bristol-Myers Squibb, this move was expected to further sharpen the company's focus on biopharmaceuticals.
BMS is a Fortune 500 Company (#114 in 2010 list). Newsweek's 2009 Green Ranking recognized Bristol-Myers Squibb as 8th among 500 of the largest United States corporations. Also, BMS was included in the 2009 Dow Jones Sustainability North America Index of leading sustainability-driven companies.
In October 2010, the company acquired ZymoGenetics, securing an existing product as well as pipeline assets in hepatitis C, cancer and other therapeutic areas.
Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. agreed to pay around $2.5 billion in cash to buy Inhibitex Inc. in concern to compete with Gilead/Pharmasset to produce Hepatitis C drugs. The settlement will be finished in 2 months for its Inhibitex's shareholders acceptance of 126 percent premium price of its price over the previous 20 trading days ended at January 6, 2012.
In 2012, the company donated $ 6.9 million to the HealthWell Foundation, which provides financial assistance to eligible people for covering co-insurance, co-payments, healthcare premiums and deductibles for certain treatments.
On June 29, 2012 Bristol-Myers Squibb Co (BMS) extend its portfolio of diabetes treatments when it agreed to buy Amylin Pharmaceuticals Inc for around $5.3 billion in cash and will pay $1.7 billion to Eli Lilly to cover Amylin's debt and its obligations to Eli Lilly from ending the collaboration with Amylin. Astra Zeneca, who already collaborates on several diabetes treatments with BMS, will pay $3.4 billion in cash for the rights to develop Amylin's products.
Citing major developments and a market capitalization of US$87 billion and stock appreciation of 61.4%, Bristol-Myers Squibb was ranked as the best drug company of 2013 by Forbes Magazine.
The following is a list of key pharmaceutical products:
- Abilify (aripiprazole)
- Atripla (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir)
- Avalide (irbesartan-hydrochlorothiazide)
- Avapro (irbesartan)
- Baraclude (entecavir)
- Coumadin (warfarin)
- Eliquis (apixaban)
- Erbitux (cetuximab)
- Ixempra (ixabepilone)
- Mucomyst (Acetylcysteine)
- Nulojix (belatacept)
- Orencia (abatacept)
- Plavix (clopidogrel)
- Reyataz (atazanavir)
- Sprycel (dasatinib)
- Sustiva (efavirenz)
- Taxol (paclitaxel)
- Yervoy (ipilimumab)
At one time, BMS held the solitary contract to harvest the bark of endangered yew trees on United States territory for the manufacture of chemotherapy drug paclitaxel (Taxol). Current paclitaxel production comes from renewable sources. BMS also held the original paclitaxel license, but there are now multiple generic producers.
Products under development
The following is a selective list of investigational products under development:
- Lirilumab (IPH2102/BMS-986015)
- XL184 In June 2010, BMS returned the rights to develop & market XL184 to Exelexis.
- Daclatasvir (formerly BMS-790052)
Scandals and allegations
The company was involved in an accounting scandal in 2002 that resulted in a significant restatement of revenues from 1999 to 2001. The restatement was the result of an improper booking of sales related to "channel stuffing", or the practice of offering excess inventory to customers to create higher sales numbers. The company has since settled with the United States Department of Justice and Securities and Exchange Commission, agreeing to pay $150 million while neither admitting nor denying guilt. In 2002, the company was involved in a lawsuit of maintaining illegally a monopoly on Taxol, its cancer treatment, and it was again sued for the antitrust lawsuit 5 years later, which cost the company $125 million for settlement. On October 24, 2002, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. restated earnings downward for parts of 2000 and 2001 while revising this year's earnings upward because of its massive inventory backlog imbroglio that spurred two government investigations.
On March 15, 2004, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. adjusted upward its fourth-quarter and full-year 2003 results after reversing an earlier decision about how to deal with accounting errors made in prior years.
As part of a Deferred Prosecution Agreement, the company was placed under the oversight of a monitor appointed by the U.S. Attorney in New Jersey. In addition, the former head of the Pharma group, Richard Lane, and the ex-CFO, Fred Schiff, were indicted for federal securities violations.
An investigation of the company was made public in July 2006, and the FBI raided the company's corporate offices. The investigation centered around the distribution of Plavix and charges of collusion.
On September 12, 2006, the monitor, former Federal Judge Frederick B. Lacey, urged the company to remove then CEO Peter Dolan over the Plavix dispute. Later that day, BMS announced that Dolan would indeed step down.
The Deferred Prosecution Agreement expired in June 2007 and the Department of Justice did not take any further legal action against the company for matters covered by the DPA. Under CEO Jim Cornelius, who was CEO following Dolan until May 2010, all executives involved in the "channel-stuffing" and generic competition scandals have since left the company.
Notes and references
- Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMY) annual SEC income statement filing via Wikinvest
- Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMY) annual SEC balance sheet filing via Wikinvest
- "Bristol-Myers Squibb and Biocon’s Syngene open new R&D Facility at Biocon Park". Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- "Bristol Buys Inhibitex for $2.5 Billion to Compete in Hepatitis". January 8, 2012.
- "Bristol-Myers to buy Amylin for about USD 5.3 billion". Reuters. June 30, 2012.
- Herper, Matthew (December 31, 2013). "Grading Pharma in 2013". Forbes.
- "Bristol-Myers to buy iPierian". Genetic ngineering & biotechnology news. April 29, 2014.
- Bristol-Myers Squibb: Products. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- Generic Taxol Availability at Drugs.com
- Bristol-Myers Squibb: Pipeline. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- SEC News Digest, August 9, 2004.
- "Bristol hit with antitrust suit". CNN. June 4, 2002. Retrieved Jul 10, 2013.
- "Bristol-Myers to restate earnings as third quarter profits plunge".
- "Bristol-Myers restates results upward due to accounting errors".
- Business Report[dead link], July 31, 2006. Retrieved September 7, 2006. Archived at Archive.org
- CNN.com, September 12, 2006. Retrieved September 12, 2006
- "Bristol-Myers Squibb donates $6.9 million to benefit cancer patient". Drugstorenews.com.