Bristol Bath Road depot

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Bristol Bath Road TMD
Bath Road TMD 1988.jpg
Bristol Bath Road TMD in 1988.
Overview
Location Bristol, United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°26′46″N 2°34′45″W / 51.4461°N 2.5792°W / 51.4461; -2.5792Coordinates: 51°26′46″N 2°34′45″W / 51.4461°N 2.5792°W / 51.4461; -2.5792
Owner Great Western Trains
Depot Code 82A (1950-1973)
BR (1973-present)
Type Diesel, HST
Opened Unknown
1934 (rebuilt)
Closed 1995
Details
Original B&ER
Pre-grouping GWR
Post-grouping British Railways

Bristol Bath Road depot was a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Bristol.

History[edit]

Built on the site of the original built Bristol and Exeter Railway shed, it was rebuilt under the Loans and Guarantees Act (1929) in 1934 by the Great Western Railway, allocated shed code 82A. The site scale meant that although the depot was to be the major repair and maintenance point for the Bristol divisional area, the shed was restricted to a steel-frame straight 8-road with northernlight roof pattern form, as opposed to the GWR standard-pattern turntable model like Old Oak Common. Secondly, as the depot was so close to Bristol Temple Meads, it was required to keep the depot in full operation while construction took place. The twin-ramp coal stage was of standard GWR pattern, but used concrete beams and brick piers to restrict ramp width. The divisional repair shop was located to the far north of the site, close to the River Avon. There were two 65 feet (20 m) standard-pattern over-girder turntables on site, one to the rear of the shed, and one to the Northeat of the repair shop.[1]

Bristol Bath Road depot under British Railways, 2 August 1958, as viewed from platform 2A of Bristol Temple Meads

While Bath Road handled passenger traffic locomotives, St Philip's Marsh depot on the eastern throat handled freight types. Post nationalisation, under British Railways both Bath Road (Code: BR) and St Philip's Marsh gained additional allocation from the closure of the local London Midland and Scottish Railway sheds. By 1950 it had an allocation of 93 locomotives, half of them classic GWR 4-6-0s, most of the others 2-6-2Ts for running local and regional passenger traffic.[1]

However, as it was located on a main national route, with an equally large-scale shed on the opposite throat of the station, Bath Road was one of the first sheds to be closed to steam locomotives from September 1960. Rebuilt as a diesel depot, it retained one of the turntables.[1]

The depot ceased all operation on 28 September 1995, when its last operator Great Western Trains transferred all operations to St Philip's Marsh T&RSMD.[2]

Present[edit]

In 2011, the railway-level depot site was named as part of the 70-hectare (170-acre) Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone, where reduced taxes and planning controls would encourage development of new businesses. It was hoped that around 40 businesses would provide employment for 4,000 people within five years.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Edward T. Lyons C.Eng MIStrucE (1978). An Historical Survey of Great Wester Engine Sheds 1947. Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-902888-16-6. 
  2. ^ 1998 - Rail Regulator agrees closure of lines in former Bristol Bath Road depot : Office of Rail Regulation
  3. ^ "Land near Temple Meads named as Bristol enterprise zone". BBC News Bristol. BBC. 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2011-06-08.