Bristol East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Bristol East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bristol East in Avon for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Avon within England.
County City of Bristol
Population 95,368 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 69,347 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Kerry McCarthy (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Bristol South East
18851950
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Bristol South East
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Bristol East is a constituency[n 1] covering the eastern part of the City of Bristol represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Kerry McCarthy of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The seat is in its second period of existence, the first period was 1885–1950[n 3] and the present period started in 1983.

The most powerful representative of Bristol East in Parliament has been Sir Stafford Cripps, MP between 1931 and 1950, who was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1947 to 1950. The only Conservative Party MP to have represented Bristol East was Jonathan Sayeed (served 1983–1992), who won when he defeated Tony Benn, the sitting MP for Bristol South East (which made up the majority of the new seat). Benn was in effect the leader of his own large faction on the left of the Labour Party at the time.

The Liberal Democrats won the largest share of the vote for parties of the centre since 1929 at the 2005 election at 25.2% of the vote.

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Easton, Eastville, Hengrove, Lawrence Hill, and Stockwood.

1997-2010: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Easton, Eastville, Lawrence Hill, St George East, St George West, and Stockwood.

2010-present: The City of Bristol wards of Brislington East, Brislington West, Eastville, Frome Vale, Hillfields, St George East, St George West, and Stockwood.

The constituency covers the eastern part of the city of Bristol, directly from neighbourhoods of the City Centre to its outer neighbourhoods however excluding surrounding settlements.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1950[edit]

Election Member[3][4] Party
1885 Handel Cossham Liberal
1890 Sir Joseph Dodge Weston Liberal
1895 Sir William Henry Wills, Bt Liberal
1900 Charles Edward Henry Hobhouse Liberal
1918 George Bryant Britton Coalition Liberal
1922 Harold Spencer Morris National Liberal
1923 Walter John Baker Labour
1931 Sir Stafford Cripps Labour
1939 Independent Labour
1945 Labour
1950 constituency abolished – see Bristol South East

MPs 1983–present[edit]

Election Member[5][4] Party
1983 Jonathan Sayeed Conservative
1992 Jean Corston Labour
2005 Kerry McCarthy Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Theodora Clarke [6]
Green Lorraine Francis[7]
TUSC Matt Gordon[8]
Liberal Democrat Abdul Malik [9]
Labour Kerry McCarthy [10]
UKIP James McMurray [11]
General Election 2010: Bristol East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kerry McCarthy 16,471 36.6 −8.9
Conservative Adeela Shafi 12,749 28.3 +0.2
Liberal Democrat Mike Popham 10,993 24.4 +4.7
BNP Brian Jenkins 1,960 4.4 N/A
UKIP Philip Collins 1,510 3.4 +0.7
Green Glenn Vowles 803 1.8 −0.9
English Democrats Stephen Wright 347 0.8 N/A
TUSC Rae Lynch 184 0.4 N/A
Majority 3,722 8.3
Turnout 45,017 64.8 +1.8
Labour hold Swing −4.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kerry McCarthy 19,152 45.9 −9.1
Liberal Democrat Philip James 10,531 25.2 +8.1
Conservative Julia Manning 8,787 21.1 −0.7
Green Arjuna Krishna-Das 1,586 3.8 +1.0
UKIP Jean Smith 1,132 2.7 +1.3
Respect Paulette North 532 1.3 N/A
Majority 8,621 20.7
Turnout 41,720 61.3 +3.9
Labour hold Swing −8.6
General Election 2001: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jean Corston 22,180 55.0
Conservative Jack Lopresti 8,788 21.8
Liberal Democrat Brian Niblett 6,915 17.1
Green Geoff Collard 1,110 2.8
UKIP Roger Marsh 572 1.4
Socialist Labour Michael Langley 438 1.1
Socialist Alliance Andrew Pryor 331 0.8
Majority 13,392 33.2
Turnout 40,334 57.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jean Corston 27,418 56.9
Conservative Ed Vaizey 11,259 23.4
Liberal Democrat Peter Tyzack 7,121 14.8
Referendum Party Gerry Philip 1,479 3.1
Socialist Labour Paul Williams 766 1.6
Natural Law John McLaggan 158 0.3
Majority 16,159 33.5
Turnout 48,201 69.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Bristol East[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jean Corston 22,418 44.6 +9.1
Conservative Jonathan Sayeed 19,726 39.2 −4.4
Liberal Democrat John F. Kiely 7,903 15.7 −4.7
National Front Ian Anderson 270 0.5 −0.1
Majority 2,692 5.4 −2.9
Turnout 50,317 80.3 +1.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jonathan Sayeed 21,906 43.6 +3.1
Labour Ronald Richard Thomas 17,783 35.4 −1.5
Liberal Donald Michael Ellison Foster 10,247 20.4 −0.9
National Front Philip Michael Kingston 286 0.6 −0.1
Majority 4,123 8.2 +4.6
Turnout 50,222 78.7 +4.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jonathan Sayeed 19,844 40.5 N/A
Labour Tony Benn 18,055 36.9 N/A
Liberal Peter Edward Tyrer 10,404 21.3 N/A
National Front Ernest Hector Andrews 343 0.7 N/A
Ecology Mrs. Gundula Audrey Dorey 311 0.6 N/A
Majority 1,789 3.6 N/A
Turnout 48,957 73.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir R. Stafford Cripps 27,975 73.5
Conservative T.D. Corpe 10,073 26.5
Majority 12,550 47.1
Turnout 76.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir R. Stafford Cripps 22,009 59.3
National Labour A.G. Church 15,126 40.7
Majority 6,883 18.5
Turnout 75.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir R. Stafford Cripps 19,435 50.6
Conservative J.M. Spreull 19,006 49.4
Majority 429 1.1
Turnout 80.2
Labour hold Swing
Bristol East by-election January 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir R. Stafford Cripps 19,261 61.7
Conservative 7,937 25.4
Liberal 4,010 12.8
Majority 11,324 36.3
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter John Baker 24,197 65.8
Liberal C.Gordon-Spencer 12,576 34.2
Majority 11,621 31.6
Turnout 78.2
Labour hold Swing
Walter John Baker
General Election 1924: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter John Baker 16,920 58.2
Liberal H.J. Maggs 12,143 41.8
Majority 4,777 16.4
Turnout 79.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter John Baker 14,824 53.7
Liberal Harold Spencer Morris 12,788 46.3
Majority 2,036 7.4
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1922: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Harold Spencer Morris 13,910 50.3
Labour Luke Henry Bateman 13,759 49.7
Majority 151 0.5
National Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Charles Hobhouse
General Election 1918: Bristol East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal George Bryant Britton 9,434 49.6
Labour Luke H. Bateman 8,135 42.8
Liberal Sir Rt Hon. Sir Charles Edward Henry Hobhouse 1,447 7.6
Majority 1,299 6.8
Coalition Liberal gain from Liberal Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ See the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885
References
  1. ^ "Bristol East: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Bristol East 1885-1950". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "Bristol East 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  6. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/bristol-east-2015.html
  7. ^ http://www.swgreen.org.uk/swconmap.php?n=92
  8. ^ http://www.tusc.org.uk/txt/320.pdf
  9. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/bristol-east-2015.html
  10. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/bristol-east-2015.html
  11. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/bristol-east-2015.html
  12. ^ "Bristol East result". BBC Election 2010 (BBC). 20 April 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  13. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
Sources
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1974)

External links[edit]