Bristol Hotel, Gibraltar

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Bristol Hotel
Bristol Hotel, Gibraltar.JPG
The Bristol Hotel
General information
Location 10 Cathedral Square,  Gibraltar
Coordinates 36°8′20″N 5°21′16″W / 36.13889°N 5.35444°W / 36.13889; -5.35444Coordinates: 36°8′20″N 5°21′16″W / 36.13889°N 5.35444°W / 36.13889; -5.35444
Other information
Number of rooms 60
Website
www.bristolhotel.gi

Bristol Hotel is Gibraltar's oldest hotel. It is located on Cathedral Square in Gibraltar, next to the Church of England Cathedral. Established in 1894 the 19th century, it occupies a white colonial building with swimming pool and garden, located to the south of Cathedral of St. Mary the Crowned , next to the Gibraltar Museum.[1] The hotel has 60 rooms and includes a subtropical garden.[2]

During World War II, it served as the headquarters of the Royal Air Force and of a squadron of British flying boats and served as a temporary residence for British officers in transit. With increased competition from The Rock Hotel, the Bristol declined after World War II. It is one of many European hotels named Bristol, after the extensive travels of the wealthy Frederick Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol.

History[edit]

George Dewey was a guest before returning to the U.S. in 1899.
Princess Salm Salm was a guest while her husband was a prisoner of war.

The hotel was established in the 19th century and was named after Frederick Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol, an extensive traveller of Europe.[3] Prior to the opening of The Rock Hotel in 1932, it was regarded as Gibraltar's flagship hotel.[citation needed]

In September 1899, Admiral George Dewey, who led the United States Navy at the Battle of Manila Bay, stayed briefly at the hotel before his return to the United States later that month.[4][5] The New York Times reported the following on 6 September 1899: "Admiral Dewey spent most of the day at the Hotel Bristol where he is living ashore, receiving a constant stream of visitors. He has declined all dinner and public invitations, as he is suffering from indigestion."[6]

In 1915, Princess Salm Salm, the wife of a German prince and the eldest daughter of Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen (commander of the Austro-Hungarian Army), lived at the hotel as a guest of the Queen of Spain. Her husband, Prince Emmanuel Salm, had been detained while hunting big game in Africa and was held as a prisoner of war in Gibraltar upon the outbreak of World War I. Princess Salm Salm left her five children in Austria to be close to her husband.[7][8] According to some accounts, Princes Salm Salm was also considered a British prisoner in Gibraltar. In 1916, the prince and princess were released as part of a prisoner exchange negotiated by the King of Spain.[9][10]

Kenneth Dewar reconciled with Admiral Collard at the Bristol after "The Royal Oak Mutiny".

In the spring of 1928, Rear Admiral Bernard Collard stayed at the Bristol during the court martial of Captain Kenneth Dewar after the notorious incident that the contemporary press dubbed "The Royal Oak Mutiny".[11][12][13] Following the court martial, Dewar apologized to Collard in the dining room of the Bristol[14]

In September 1935, a recruiting drive was held at the hotel with the prospects increasing for war in East Africa arising out of the Abyssinia Crisis.[15] The Second Italo-Abyssinian War broke out several days later with the Italian invasion of Abyssinia (now known as Ethiopia).[16][17]

In October 1938, General John J. Pershing's 73-year-old cousin, Dr. Edward Hamilton Pershing, recovered at the hotel after contracting smallpox while traveling aboard the British ocean liner Strathmore.[18][19]

During World War II, the Bristol Hotel was the headquarters of No. 200 Group of the RAF Coastal Command.[20] Military officers in transit also utilised the hotel during the war,[21] including some working for the SOE. The war conditions at the hotel were markedly different from the experience of those living in Great Britain as there was no blackout and steaks were on the menu.[22]

The hotel declined after World War II; it had been met with competition from The Rock Hotel which had taken its status as Gibraltar's flagship hotel in 1932. In 1954, one visitor described their room as "roved to be a cheerless, bare place with an lithograph of Queen Victoria hanging on the wall and two camp beds".[23] During the early 1960s, work was done on the hotel to add hot water.[24] During the later part of the 1960s, the hotel improved the kitchen and pool by making both larger, and by working with and improving the garden club.[25]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simonis, Damien (1 March 2009). Spain. Lonely Planet. p. 766. ISBN 978-1-74179-000-9. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Prince, Danforth (25 March 2009). Frommer's Seville, Granada and the Best of Andalusia. John Wiley & Sons. p. 300. ISBN 978-0-470-48714-3. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Bristol Is Ubiquitous: Old-Time Travelers In Europe Always Sought Hotel Named For British Earl On Grand Tour", Baltimore Sun, Oct 31, 1937: 22 
  4. ^ "Admiral Dewey, Hopes the Next Dry Season Will See the War Ended.". The Bryan Times. 14 September 1899. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  5. ^ "Admiral Dewey At Gibraltar". The Milwaukee Journal. 4 September 1899. 
  6. ^ "Dewey resting at Gibraltar". The New York Times. 6 September 1899. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "Mainly About People.". The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 8 May 1915. p. 6 Edition: THIRD EDITION. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  8. ^ An English Wife in Berlin. E. P. Dutton & Company. 1920. pp. 113–114. 
  9. ^ "Salm-Salm Sandal: Prussian Prince Arrives In London". Marlborough Express. 11 April 1916. p. 2. 
  10. ^ "Spain's King Wins Princess' Liberty: Austrian Army Head's Daughter and Spouse Get Freedom; Were Prisoners of British". The Fulton Evening Times. 17 February 1916. 
  11. ^ "H.M.S. ROYAL OAK.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 10 April 1928. p. 15. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  12. ^ "Navy Squabble". The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 29 March 1928. p. 1 Edition: HOME (FINAL) EDITION. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  13. ^ "HANDS ALL ROUND.". The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 10 April 1928. p. 9. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  14. ^ ""GOOD-BYE, OLD MAN.".". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 12 April 1928. p. 24. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "Recruiting Drive on at Gibralta". Daily Boston Globe (Boston, Mass.). 23 September 1935. p. 10. 
  16. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, p. 33
  17. ^ Nicolle, David, The Italian Invasion of Abyssinia 1935–1936, p. 11
  18. ^ "Dr. Pershing Leaves Hospital". The New York Times. 20 October 1938. p. 14. 
  19. ^ "Dr. Pershing III in Gibraltar". The New York Times. 4 October 1938. 
  20. ^ Maurice Harvey (1996), Gibraltar, ISBN 9781873376577 
  21. ^ Peter Stursberg (1 July 1995). The Sound of War: Memoirs of a Cbc Correspondent. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-7749-3. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  22. ^ James Holland (30 April 2011). A Pair of Silver Wings. Random House. pp. 115–116. ISBN 978-1-4464-5684-2. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  23. ^ "I WAS MONTY'S DOUBLE.". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 11 November 1954. p. 38. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  24. ^ Great Britain. Colonial Office (1962). Gibraltar: Report for the .... H.M. Stationery Office. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  25. ^ Great Britain. Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1969). Gibraltar. H.M. Stationery Office. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 

External links[edit]