Bristol Road Methodist Church

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Bristol Road Methodist Church
Former Bristol Road Methodist Church, Brighton (IoE Code 480447).jpg
The church from the southeast
Location Bristol Road/Montague Place, Brighton, BN2 1JE, United Kingdom
Coordinates 50°49′11″N 0°07′28″W / 50.8196°N 0.1245°W / 50.8196; -0.1245Coordinates: 50°49′11″N 0°07′28″W / 50.8196°N 0.1245°W / 50.8196; -0.1245
Founded 1872
Built 1873
Built for Reverend J. Martin
Architect Thomas Lainson
Architectural style(s) Romanesque Revival
Listed Building – Grade II
Official name: Methodist Church and attached railings
Designated 26 August 1999[1]
Reference no. 480447
Bristol Road Methodist Church is located in Brighton & Hove
Bristol Road Methodist Church
Location of Bristol Road within Brighton and Hove

Bristol Road Methodist Church is a former Methodist place of worship in the Kemptown area of Brighton, part of the English city of Brighton and Hove. Built in 1873 to an Italian Romanesque Revival design, it served this part of eastern Brighton for more than a century until its closure in 1989, after which it became a recording studio. It is owned by Brighton College, an independent school based nearby. The building has been listed at Grade II in view of its architectural importance.

History[edit]

Brighton's first Methodist church opened in 1808 in Dorset Gardens off St James's Street, a recently developed road east of the Old Steine and the Royal Pavilion.[2][3] By the 1870s, housing had spread much further east, and the area between Thomas Read Kemp's high-class Kemp Town estate and the earlier development around St James's Street had been filled in with high-density housing. The area became known as Kemptown [sic]. In 1872, Reverend J. Martin, a Methodist minister, proposed the construction of a new church to serve this area. Architect Thomas Lainson, who also designed several buildings (including a Congregational church) in Hove and the Middle Street Synagogue in Brighton,[4] was commissioned to draw up a design. He submitted this on 1 March 1872.[1] A builder named John Fielder was responsible for construction, which continued through 1873.[1] A stone tablet (now partly illegible) at the base of the tower, dated 7 October 1873, names Lainson, Fielder and Reverend Martin, and bears the inscription hitherto hath the Lord helped us.[1]

The church was part of the Wesleyan Methodist tradition, and during the early 20th century became part of a circuit of six local Wesleyan churches; the others were the nearby Dorset Gardens Methodist Church (also in Kemptown), Hove Methodist Church, and others in Hurstpierpoint, Portslade and Southwick.[5]

A closure proposal was announced in 1987.[6] In 1989, the congregation moved out and began to share St Mary the Virgin, a nearby Anglican church.[7] After this, the building was sold and converted into a recording studio.[1][7] It is now owned by Brighton College.[6]

The former church was listed at Grade II on 26 August 1999.[1] It is one of 1,124 Grade II-listed buildings and structures, and 1,218 listed buildings of all grades, in the city of Brighton and Hove.[8]

Architecture[edit]

Thomas Lainson adopted the Italian Romanesque Revival style for his design.[1][6][7] The building is of brown and red brick, laid in the English bond pattern, with dressings of stone and pale brick.[1][6] There is a tower at the southeast corner, rising in three stages and capped by a short spire and a lead roof. Most of the main roof area is laid with slate, but there is one timber-framed section as well.[1][6] The south face has a stair turret at the southwest corner and the tower at the opposite corner; and between these is the entrance porch, a portico with three arches separated by columns of granite topped with abaci of stone.[1][7] Three round-arched windows, with stone surrounds and an architrave, are above this; and the façade is completed by a rose window below the gabled roof. There is another entrance in a small porch on the east face of the tower.[1] The internal layout consisted of a three-bay nave leading into a sanctuary, and a single-storey vestry with four arched stone-dressed windows on the northeast side.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Detailed record: Methodist Church and attached railings, Montague Place (west side), Brighton". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  2. ^ "A Potted History of Dorset Gardens Methodist Church". Dorset Gardens Methodist Church website. Dorset Gardens Methodist Church. 1999. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  3. ^ Carder 1990, §167.
  4. ^ Carder 1990, §115.
  5. ^ Middleton 2002, Vol. 9, p. 35.
  6. ^ a b c d e Elleray 2004, p. 11.
  7. ^ a b c d Carder 1990, §23.
  8. ^ "Images of England — Statistics by County (East Sussex)". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Carder, Timothy (1990). The Encyclopaedia of Brighton. Lewes: East Sussex County Libraries. ISBN 0-86147-315-9. 
  • Elleray, D. Robert (2004). Sussex Places of Worship. Worthing: Optimus Books. ISBN 0-9533132-7-1. 
  • Middleton, Judy (2002). The Encyclopaedia of Hove & Portslade. Brighton: Brighton & Hove Libraries.