Bristol Tramways

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This article is about the tramways of Bristol, England. For the bus company, Bristol Tramways & Carriage Company Ltd, commonly known as Bristol Tramways, see Bristol Omnibus Company.
Bristol Tramways
Bristol Tramways Centre.jpg
The Tramways Centre
Locale England
Dates of operation 1875–1941
Headquarters Bristol
A scale model of an 1899 Bristol electric tram. Note that the driver stood in the open.

Bristol tramways were operated from 1875, when the Bristol Tramways Company was formed by Sir George White, until 1941 when a Luftwaffe bomb destroyed the main power supply cables.

History[edit]

The first trams in Bristol (horse-drawn, with a maximum speed of 6 miles per hour) were introduced in 1875. Electric trams were introduced in 1895, the first city to do so in the United Kingdom. At its peak there were 17 routes and 237 tramcars in use.

In 1887 the Bristol Tramways Company merged with the Bristol Cab Company to form the Bristol Tramways and Carriage Company. The new company developed a fleet of omnibuses to serve the rest of the city and country areas. In 1912 it bought the Clifton Rocks Railway. In 1929 the White family sold its controlling interest in the company to the Great Western Railway, but by 1932 control had passed to the Thomas Tilling Group. William Verdon Smith (nephew of Sir George White) remained as chairman but was replaced in 1935 by J.F. Heaton of Thomas Tilling, so he could concentrate on the Bristol Aeroplane Company.

In 1937 control of Bristol's tramways passed to a joint committee of the Bristol Tramways company and Bristol Corporation.

Closure[edit]

Abandonment of the tramways began in 1938, but this was halted at the outbreak of World War II. Tram operations ceased in 1941 with the Luftwaffe's Good Friday raid, which set central Bristol on fire. A bomb hit Counterslip bridge, St Philips, next to the generating centre, and severed the tram power supply. The final tram from Old Market to Kingswood was given a push by passers-by and freewheeled its way into the depot.

Almost all Bristol's trams were scrapped; however, one is preserved by the Bristol Aero Collection which closed its museum at Kemble in May 2012 but expects to re-open in due course at Filton, Bristol.[1] Another memorial to the system is a length of tram track still embedded in St Mary Redcliffe churchyard, where it was blown by a bomb. Two lengths of intact track can be seen at the car park of the Gloucester Road Medical Centre, and a short section of track still exists on the approach to Temple Meads railway station. Another section of track used to be still in place near Castle Park, but this was lost when the area was redeveloped as part of the Cabot Circus development.

The Bristol Tramways company continued as a bus operator, but the name was not changed to Bristol Omnibus Company until 1957.

Routes[edit]

Bristol Tramways
6Filton
Kingswood Depot
Kingswood13
6Filton Park
Hanham13
2Westbury on Trym
Horfield railway station
5,6Horfield Barracks
Staple Hill Depot
Staple Hill14
Henleaze
Two Mile Hill13
Staple Hill railway station
5,6Horfield
Horfield Depot
Whites Hill13
2Church Road
Ashley Hill
Whiteway13
Fishponds7,14
1,3,4Durdham Downs
St George Depot
St George, Bristol13,16
Upper Eastville
1,3,4Zetland Road
Clifton Down/Redland
Montpellier
Church Road13,16
Eastville depot
Eastville3,7,14
Stapleton Road3,7,14
Lawrence Hill13,16
Old Market Street16
North Street
Whitson Street Stores
Whitson Street
Broad Quay
Tramways Centre
9Hotwells
River Avon
River Avon
Bristol Bridge8,9,10,11,12,15
Bristol Docks
Bristol Temple Meads
Bristol Temple Meads station8,9,10,15
New Cut
New Cut
Totterdown9,10,15
Arnos Vale9
11,12Bedminster
Knowle10,15
Bedminster depot
Brislington works
To Portishead
11Ashton Gate
12Bedminster Down
Brislington9
South to Weston super Mare, Taunton & Exeter

The electric tram routes were not numbered until November 1913. They were then numbered as follows:[2]

1. Tramways Centre – Whiteladies Road – Durdham Downs
2. Tramways Centre – Whiteladies Road – Durdham Downs – Westbury
3. Eastville – Old Market – Whiteladies Road – Durdham Downs
4. Tramways Centre – Zetland Road – Durdham Downs
5. Tramways Centre – Ashley Down Road – Horfield Barracks
6. Tramways Centre – Ashley Down Road – Horfield Barracks – Filton Park – Filton
7. Tramways Centre – Warwick Road – Eastville – Fishponds
8. Tramways Centre – Temple Meads Station
9. Hotwells – Tramways Centre – Temple Meads Station – Arno's Vale – Depot – Brislington
10. Bristol Bridge – Knowle
11. Bristol Bridge – Ashton Road
12. Bristol Bridge – Bedminster Depot – Bedminster Down
13. Tramways Centre – Old Market – St. George – Whiteway Rd – Kingswood
14. Zetland Road – Old Market – Eastville – Fishponds – Staple Hill
15. Knowle – Bushy Park – Old Market – St. George – Marling Road – Nags Head Hill – Hanham
16. Old Market – St George
17. Hotwells – Tramways Centre – Temple Meads Station

Note that:

  • Route 1 was withdrawn and absorbed into 2.
  • Route 8 was withdrawn and absorbed into 9.
  • Route 13 for a while, did not run to the Tramways Centre but terminated at Old Market.
  • Route 16. was a busy-period route only and was absorbed into 13 and 15.
  • Route 17 ran to meet the P and A Campbell steamers and was withdrawn at the same time as Route 8
  • Trams did not actually run along Ashley Down Rd., Marling Rd., or Whiteway Road, and route 14 did not enter Zetland Rd.
  • From 1902 to 1905, the route from Hanham, having reached Old Market, was extended to the Tramways Centre.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff. "Bristol Aero Collection". Bristol Aero Collection. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Bristol Tramways". South Western Electricity History Society. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 

External links[edit]