Bristow, Oklahoma

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Bristow, Oklahoma
City
Main Street in Bristow
Main Street in Bristow
Nickname(s): The Woodland Queen
Location within Creek County, and the state of Oklahoma
Location within Creek County, and the state of Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°49′51″N 96°23′26″W / 35.83083°N 96.39056°W / 35.83083; -96.39056Coordinates: 35°49′51″N 96°23′26″W / 35.83083°N 96.39056°W / 35.83083; -96.39056
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Creek
Area
 • Total 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Land 3.3 sq mi (8.6 km2)
 • Water 003 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 810 ft (247 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,528
 • Density 1,299.2/sq mi (501.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74010
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-08900[1]
GNIS feature ID 1090502[2]

Bristow is a city in Creek County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 4,528 at the 2010 census,[3] up 4.7 percent from 4,325 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Bristow began in 1898, when the St. Louis – San Francisco Railway ("Frisco") built a track between Sapulpa and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The town was named for Joseph L. Bristow, a U.S. senator from Kansas. A post office was established April 25, 1898. By the 1900 census, the population was 626.[4]

Bristow was designated as the county seat for Creek County at statehood, when its population was 1,134. However, the county held a special election on August 20, 1908 to decide whether the seat would remain in Bristow or move to Sapulpa, which claimed to be more centrally located. Bristow had a larger population and claimed to have better railroad connections. Sapulpa won the election, but Bristow claimed voting irregularities. The election was voided and a new vote was held November 20, 1912. Again, Sapulpa won the election and the title of county seat.[4]

The local economy depended heavily on cotton. Bristow had seven cotton gins and two cottonseed oil mills in the early 20th century. Other farms in the surrounding area produced corn, peanuts, potatoes and fruit. Oil and gas were discovered in the area around 1915. The discovery led to the construction of three refineries and four pipeline companies by 1930. Oklahoma-Southwestern Railway Company built a short line from the oilfields to Bristow in 1920. The peak census population was 6,619 in 1930[4]

Historic buildings[edit]

Several sites in Bristow are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Beard Motor Company, Bristow Chrysler Plymouth, Bristow Motor Company Building, Bristow Presbyterian Church, Bristow Tire Shop, Little Deep Fork Creek Bridge, and Texaco Service Station.[5]

Geography[edit]

Bristow is located in northern Oklahoma. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), of which, 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.48%) is water. The geographic coordinates of Bristow are 35°49′51″N 96°23′26″W / 35.83083°N 96.39056°W / 35.83083; -96.39056 (35.830720, -96.390675)[6].

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bristow, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 49.5
(9.7)
55.3
(12.9)
65.3
(18.5)
75.4
(24.1)
81.3
(27.4)
88.5
(31.4)
94.9
(34.9)
94.2
(34.6)
86.0
(30)
76.8
(24.9)
63.0
(17.2)
52.3
(11.3)
73.5
(23.1)
Average low °F (°C) 23.9
(−4.5)
28.6
(−1.9)
38.0
(3.3)
49.1
(9.5)
57.0
(13.9)
65.2
(18.4)
69.2
(20.7)
67.5
(19.7)
60.0
(15.6)
49.2
(9.6)
38.0
(3.3)
27.8
(−2.3)
47.8
(8.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.4
(36)
1.9
(48)
3.0
(76)
3.3
(84)
5.5
(140)
3.9
(99)
2.7
(69)
2.7
(69)
4.6
(117)
3.2
(81)
2.9
(74)
2.1
(53)
37.2
(945)
Source: Weatherbase.com [7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 626
1910 1,667 166.3%
1920 3,460 107.6%
1930 6,630 91.6%
1970 4,653
1980 4,702 1.1%
2000 4,325
2010 4,528 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,325 people, 1,793 households, and 1,161 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,299.2 people per square mile (501.5/km²). There were 2,019 housing units at an average density of 606.5 per square mile (234.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.42% White, 8.51% African American, 10.64% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 4.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.01% of the population.

There were 1,793 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,351, and the median income for a family was $31,618. Males had a median income of $28,475 versus $21,711 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,819. About 15.8% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.5% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Sperling's Best Places to Live in Bristow, Oklahoma." Retrieved February 20, 2012.[1]
  4. ^ a b c Wilson, Linda D. "Bristow". Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved December 2013. 
  5. ^ "OKLAHOMA - Creek County". National Register of Historic Places.com. Retrieved December 2013. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Historical Weather for Bristow, Oklahoma, United States". 
  8. ^ "Josiah "Joe" Henson". Sports Reference. Retrieved December 2013. 

External links[edit]