BritNed

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BritNed
Location
Country United Kingdom, Netherlands
Coordinates 51°26′24″N 0°43′0″E / 51.44000°N 0.71667°E / 51.44000; 0.71667 (HVDC Britned - Grain Static Inverter Plant)
51°57′27″N 4°01′17″E / 51.95750°N 4.02139°E / 51.95750; 4.02139 (HVDC Britned - Maasvlakte Static Inverter Plant)
General direction north–south, west–south
From Isle of Grain, Kent
Passes through North Sea
To Maasvlakte, Rotterdam
Ownership information
Partners National Grid plc (United Kingdom)
TenneT (Netherlands)
Construction information
Manufacturer of conductor/cable ABB
Cable layer Global Marine Systems
Manufacturer of substations Siemens
Installer of substations BAM Nuttall
Construction started 2009
Commissioned 2011
Technical information
Type submarine cable
Type of current HVDC
Total length 260 km (160 mi)
Power rating 1,000 MW
DC Voltage 450 kV
Number of poles 2

BritNed is a high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) submarine power cable between the Isle of Grain in Kent, the United Kingdom; and Maasvlakte in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

The BritNed interconnection would serve as a vital link for the foreseeable European super grid project.

History[edit]

  Existing links
  Under construction
  Proposed
See also the List of HVDC project in Europe, which would eventually be part of European Supergrid

The project was announced in May 2007.[1] The installation of the first section of cable link started on 11 September 2009,[2] The entire 260 km (160 mi) cable was completed in October 2010.[3] It began operation on 1 April 2011,[4][5] and as of January 2012, electricity flow has mostly been from the Netherlands to the UK.[6]

Technical description[edit]

The 260-kilometre (160 mi) long bi-pole 450 kV interconnector consists of two HVDC cables, which are bundled together. The capacity of the cable is 1000 MW. The interconnector has two converter stations for connecting the link with the British and Dutch high-voltage electricity transmission systems.[7] The cable was produced by ABB and laid by Global Marine Systems, while the BAM Nuttall/Siemens consortium was responsible for the construction and equipping of the converter stations.[7][8] BritNed was completed on time and within the budget of € 600 million.[5]

Operators[edit]

The respective transmission system operators of the United Kingdom and the Netherlands - National Grid plc and TenneT; formed a joint venture to fund and operate the interconnection, independently from National Grid and TenneT's regulated businesses.[9]

Coordinates[edit]

Site Coordinates
Grain Static Inverter Plant 51°26′24″N 0°43′0″E / 51.44000°N 0.71667°E / 51.44000; 0.71667 (HVDC Britned - Grain Static Inverter Plant)
Maasvlakte Static Inverter Plant 51°57′27″N 4°01′17″E / 51.95750°N 4.02139°E / 51.95750; 4.02139 (HVDC Britned - Maasvlakte Static Inverter Plant)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fineren, Daniel (2007-05-22). "New cable to link UK and Dutch power grids". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  2. ^ Hornby, Catherine (2009-09-11). "Dutch-UK marine power cable laying starts". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  3. ^ "Global Marine Systems Completes Power Connection Between the Netherlands and the UK" (PDF) (Press release). Global Marine Systems. 2010-10-27. Retrieved 2011-01-13. 
  4. ^ Paulsson, Lars (2011-02-24). "Dutch, U.K. Regulators Approve Britned Power Cable Trading". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  5. ^ a b "BritNed cable electrically connects United Kingdom and the Netherlands" (Press release). TenneT. 2011-04-01. Retrieved 2011-04-01. 
  6. ^ Justin Wilkes et al. The European offshore wind industry key 2011 trends and statistics p22 European Wind Energy Association, January 2012. Accessed: 26 March 2012.
  7. ^ a b "BritNed begins laying UK-Netherlands marine electricity cable". Power Engineering (PennWell Corporation). 2009-09-16. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  8. ^ "ABB awards submarine cable installation projects to Global Marine Systems". Power Engineering (PennWell Corporation). 2009-05-13. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  9. ^ "€600m electricity link between the Netherlands and UK". Power Engineering (PennWell Corporation). 2007-05-23. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 

External links[edit]