Britain in Bloom
||This table may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (July 2009)|
RHS Britain in Bloom is the largest horticultural campaign in the United Kingdom. It was first held in 1963, initiated by the British Tourist Board based on the example set by Fleurissement de France. It has been organised by the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) since 2002.
The competition is entered by the communities of towns, villages and cities. Different categories exist for various sizes of settlements. Groups are assessed for their achievements in three core pillars: Horticultural Excellence; Environmental Responsibility; and Community Participation.
Over 1,000 communities around the UK enter each year, participating in their local region's "in Bloom" campaign. From these regional competitions, roughly 70 communities are selected to enter the national Finals of RHS Britain in Bloom.
It is a popular campaign, estimated to involve more than 200,000 volunteers in cleaning up and greening up their local area.
Since 2002, the awards have been based on the Royal Horticultural Society's medal standards of Gold, Silver Gilt, Silver and Bronze; the winner is the settlement judged to have most successfully met the rigorous judging criteria. Judging at the regional stage takes place around June/ July; judging for the national stage takes place in August. The results for the UK Finals are announced in September/ October. The competition covers the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
Floral displays play an important part in the contest, but the "Bloom" title is now, perhaps, misleading: in recent years the competition has increasingly assessed how all sectors of the local community are managing their local environment.
In 2006, the RHS introduced the Neighbourhood Awards (now the It's Your Neighbourhood campaign), a grassroots sister campaign to Bloom, supporting smaller, volunteer-led community groups focused on improving their immediate environment.
The history of the 'Bloom', as it is colloquially referred to, began in 1963 when Roy Hay MBE, a horticultural journalist, went on holiday to France during the Fleurissement de France and was enthralled by seeing the country "filled to overflowing with flowers, shrubs and trees all in full bloom". His enquiries revealed that President de Gaulle had given orders to brighten up the country and the French Tourist Authority had set up the Fleurissement de France in 1959 (now called Concours des villes et villages fleuris). Hay was so impressed that he approached the British Tourist Authority ("BTA"), and he and Len Lickorish, then Director General of the BTA, set up a committee to run a British version, "Britain in Bloom". It was piloted by the British Tourist Authority in 1963 (Lewisham being part of that pilot), and went national in 1964.
Many organisations were invited to help, including: The Automobile Association; London Tourist Board; National Farmers' Union; London Parks; Institute of Parks and Recreation Administration; National Association of Rural Communities; Royal Horticultural Society; Royal Automobile Club; The Tourist Boards of England, Scotland and Wales; The National Federation of Women's Institutes; Civic Trust; Keep Britain Tidy Group; the Flowers and Plants Council; The Horticultural Trades Association; The British Hotels and Restaurants Association; The Society of Town Clerks; Townswomen's Guild and British Airways. Despite this impressive list, Roy Hay later reflected that the initial reaction of the horticultural trade and local authorities was lukewarm.
Nevertheless, regional committees were quickly formed, and in 1964 Bath became the first national winner. From 1964 to 1969 inclusive there was an overall national winner. From 1970, however, the competition was divided up into a range of categories, because of the difficulty of comparing settlements of different sizes fairly.
The British Tourist Authority managed the competition until 1983 when the Government Department sponsoring the BTA felt that it should relinquish the responsibility. The Tidy Britain Group (the group responsible for the Keep Britain Tidy campaign, now known as EnCams) took over; it already had a long association with the competition. To mark the changeover, 1983 was celebrated as "Beautiful Britain in Bloom Year". Sir Lawrie Barratt of Barratt Developments expressed his support to the Tidy Britain Group for the competition and provided sponsorship until 1989.
More categories and awards were added, in part reflecting a greater range of settlements, but also to recognise other elements of horticulture, including landscaping, and also to recognise the strenuous efforts to beautify the urban areas of the larger cities. McDonalds began sponsoring the competition from 1990, which led to focus on littering behaviour and the implementation of a Children's Painting Competition Calendar. In 2001, the event was organised jointly by EnCams and the Royal Horticultural Society, and from November 2001 the RHS took full control as the organising body of Britain in Bloom.
|Year||Organising Body||Main Sponsor|
|1964 to 1982||British Tourist Authority||No main sponsor|
|1983 to 1989||Tidy Britain Group||Barratt Developments|
|1990 to TBC||Tidy Britain Group||McDonalds|
|2001||Tidy Britain Group & Royal Horticultural Society||TBC|
|2002 to 2003||Royal Horticultural Society||B&Q (from 2003)|
|2004 to 2006||Royal Horticultural Society||B&Q|
|2007 to 2009||Royal Horticultural Society||Shredded Wheat|
|2011 to 2011||Royal Horticultural Society||Anglian Windows|
|2012 -||Royal Horticultural Society||No main sponsor|
The competition currently has twelve entry categories, most of which are determined by population size. Within each category, similarly sized communities compete across a spectrum of horticultural endeavour, community participation and environmental responsibility, which includes dealing with issues of litter, graffiti and vandalism.
- Category A
- Small Village
- Large Village
- Category B
- Small Town
- Large Town
- Category C
- Small City
- Large City
- Category D
- Urban Community
- Category E
- Small Coastal (electoral roll up to 12K)
- Large Coastal (electoral roll over 12K)
Judging takes place over two years in two stages:
- Regional competition: Entries are first submitted by voluntary local 'Bloom' Committees, depending upon the area, to Local Authorities, Town or Parish Councils. These communities take part in their regional competition, for example South West in Bloom. The local volunteers are colloquially known as "bloomers". Judging takes place in June/July, and winners are announced during local presentations between August and November.
- UK-wide: After the judging of the regional stage, Committees representing their nation/region select entrants for the second UK-wide stage. To ensure that effort is sustained over time, this second stage of judging takes place in August the year after they qualify. Winners of the UK judging are announced at a prestigious ceremony in September/October.
Details to 1990 from Graham Ashworth CBE, Britain in Bloom, The Tidy Britain Group (Wigan:1991)
|Category Not Created/No longer exists|
|Winner unknown/Not known if category exists|
|Year||Champion of Champions||Large City||City||Small City||Large Town||Town||Small Town||Small Country Town||Large Village||Village||Small Village||Urban Regeneration||Urban Community||Coastal Resort|
|Coastal up to 12K||Coastal over 12K|
|2012||Broughshane||Birmingham||Oldham||Loughborough||Belper||Halstead||Wimborne||Market Bosworth||Spofforth||Stanghow||Chirk (Wales) & Kippax (Leeds)
|Lytham and North Berwick||Herne Bay|
|2011||Cricklade||Bristol||Stockton-on-Tees||Derry||Glenrothes||Rustington||St Martin, Guernsey||Broughshane||Luddenden||Loughgall||Uddingston||Whitby||Cleethorpes|
|2010||Falkland||Sunderland||Tameside||Crawley||Perth||City of London||Garstang||Comrie||Norton in Hales||Stanghow and Wolfscastle||Beighton, Sheffield||North Berwick||Scarborough, North Yorkshire|
|2009||Falkland||London Borough of Croydon||Stockton-on-Tees||Harrogate||Wisbech||Thornbury ||Pitlochry||Broughshane, (Northern Ireland)||Chipping, Lancashire||Tarrington Village||Birmingham City Centre||St Brelade, Jersey||Cleethorpes|
|2008||Nottingham||Sheffield||Solihull||Taunton||Perth||Forres||Cricklade||Falkland, (Scotland)||Earsdon||Ravenfield||Chapelfield, Norwich||Clifton Village, Bristol||Herm, Guernsey||Exmouth|
|2007||Broughshane, (Northern Ireland)||Nottingham, (East Midlands)||Stockton-on-Tees, (County Durham)||Horsham, (South East England)||Bury St Edmunds, (Anglia)||Oakham, (East Midlands)||Grouville, (Jersey)||Comrie, (Scotland)||Darley, (Yorkshire)||Nominations but No Winners||St Philip's & St Paul's Floral Trail, (Heart of England)||Uddingston, (Scotland)||Cleethorpes, (East Midlands)|
|2006||Alness, (Scotland)||No Nominations||Aberdeen, (Scotland)||Shrewsbury, (Heart of England)||Perth, (Scotland)||Brightlingsea, (Anglia)||St Martin's Parish, (Guernsey)||Broughshane, (Northern Ireland)||Norton in Hales, (Heart of England)||Ravenfield||Seedley and Langworthy, (North West England)||Starbeck, (Yorkshire)||Scarborough, (Yorkshire)|
|2005||Cardiff||Derry||Newcastle-under-Lyme||Durham||Hexham||Garstang||Usk||Heysham||Bray||St Philip's & St Paul's Floral Trail, Birmingham||Spondon in Derby||Sidmouth|
|2004||Stockport||Derby||Bath||Perth||Ilkley||Alness||Broughshane||Appleton Wiske||Sorn||Coventry City Centre||Dyce||St Ives and Carbis Bay||Bridlington|
|2003||Nottingham||Cheltenham||Harrogate||Barnstaple||Ledbury||Pitlochry||Darley Dale||Drumnadrochit||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||The Mumbles||Filey||Eastbourne|
|2002||Bournemouth||Oxford||Perth||Bridgnorth||Alness||Garstang||Broughshane||Filby||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Blackley||Herm||Southport|
|2001||Nottingham||Bath/Durham||St. Helier (Jersey)||Dungannon||Sidmouth||Pitlochry||Comrie||Thorpe Salvin||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Port Sunlight||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|2000||Sunderland||Unknown. To be confirmed||Perth||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Pateley Bridge & Bewerley||Bampton ||Beddgelert||Scarva||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1999||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Barnstaple||Forres||Pitlochry||Broughshane||Beddgelert||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1998||Unknown. To be confirmed||Woking||Perth||Unknown. To be confirmed||Alness||Waringstown||Bampton ||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1997||Nottingham||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Barnstaple||Moira||Unknown. To be confirmed||Broughshane||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1996||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Beddgelert||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1995||Unknown. To be confirmed||Bath||Perth||Barnstaple||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Beddgelert||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1994||Unknown. To be confirmed||Bath||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1993||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Perth||Unknown. To be confirmed||Moira||Unknown. To be confirmed||Broughshane &
|Beddgelert||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1992||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Harrogate||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Saintfield||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1991||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Guildford||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Bampton ||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed||Unknown. To be confirmed|
|1989||Oxford||Telford||Falkirk||Forres||Bampton ||St. Florence|
|1987||Aberdeen||Douglas, Isle of Man||Stratford upon Avon||Lympstone||Lund|
|1984||Bath||Whickham||Sidmouth||Pateley Bridge with Bewerley||Sampford Courtenay|
|1981||Bath||Harrogate||Sidmouth||Pateley Bridge with Bewerley &
St. John's Town of Dalry
|1980||Exeter||Douglas, Isle of Man||Ryton||Killingworth|
|1978||Bath||Douglas, Isle of Man||Sidmouth||Aberdovey &
City of London
Overall National Winners
Overall National Winners
|1967||City of London
Overall National Winners
Joint Overall National Winners
Overall National Winners
Overall National Winners
- The Britain in Bloom Horticulture Award (from 2012) / previously The Britain in Bloom Floral Award / The Asmer Trophy: Presented to the finalist that demonstrates the best horticultural displays throughout the entry.
- The Sustainable Landscaping Award (from 2010) / previously The Permanent Landscaping Award / Beautiful Britain Award(from 1983)/Landscape Development Trophy(to 1983): Presented to the finalist that demonstrates innovative and high quality sustainable landscaping practices within their entry. (Sustainable landscaping referring to creating an attractive environment that is in balance with the local climate and requires minimal resource input.)
- The Community Award (from 2002) : Presented to the finalist deemed to have best demonstrated that community involvement in their local “in Bloom” campaign is representative of all sectors of the community.
- Community Champion Award / previously The Bob Hare Award(from 1980–1990) : Presented to individuals who demonstrate exceptional commitment and dedication to the Britain in Bloom cause in their community.
- Commercial Award / Gordon Ford Trophy: Presented to the finalist that demonstrates the best environmental and/or horticultural contribution from business / retail / corporate interests. Originally presented by Gordon Ford.
- Pride of Place Award(from 2012) / previously Environmental Quality Award / Tidy Britain Group Trophy / Keep Britain Tidy Trophy / The Keep Britain Tidy Award: Presented to the finalist that best demonstrates duty and commitment to any one or more of the following: cleanliness, effective use of resources and maintenance of hard landscaping and street furniture.
- Tourism Award: Presented to the finalist that demonstrates the most effective use of their local “in Bloom” initiatives as a means of encouraging and supporting tourism in their area.
- Best Public Park Award: Given in Memory of David Welch. Presented to the park (including publicly run pay-on-entry parks and gardens) designed for horticultural excellence, giving delight to the visitor through appropriate planting, high standards of maintenance, including infrastructure, conserving wildlife, cleanliness and features of interest.
- Conservation and Wildlife Award / previously The Going for Green Trophy: Presented to the finalist that best demonstrates commitment to sustainable development, including management of the flora and fauna in their local environment.
- Outstanding Contribution / previously The Moran Memorial Award: Presented to an individual(s) that judges consider to have made outstanding efforts towards the success and promotion of Britain in Bloom.
- No longer awarded: Best Inner City / Barratt Inner City Trophy: for the best effort in inner city areas
- Young People's Award (from 2008) : Presented to the finalist deemed to involve young people from across the community in the best way.
- School Award: Presented to the school within a finalist community that demonstrates the best commitment to on-going environmental and horticultural initiatives.
- Environmental Responsibility(from 2012) : Presented to the finalist that best demonstrated responsible management of resources within their entry.
- RHS Britain in Bloom Heritage Award (from 2012) / previously Local Roots Award :Presented to the finalist that best demonstrated outstanding commitment to the ongoing care and development of their local heritage.
|Year||Horticulture||Sustainable Landscaping||Community||Commercial||Pride of Place||Tourism||Best Public Park||Conservation and Wildlife||Outstanding Contribution||Best Inner City||Young People||School||Heritage||Environmental Responsibility|
|2012||Birmingham||St Helier, Jersey||Loughborough||Hendra Caravan Park, Newquay||Oldham||Joint winners: Herm, Guernsey; and Great Yarmouth||Cannon Hill Park, Birmingham||Kippax (Leeds)||John Woodward and Clive Addison||Joint winners: St George's Crypt, Leeds; and Stone, Staffordshire||St Bede's Catholic High School, Lytham||Chirk (Wrexham)||Thornbury Community Composting Site, Thornbury|
|2011||Bury||University of Edinburgh - Pollock Campus||Chirk (Wrexham)||Graythwaite Manor Hotel, Grange over Sands||Derry City, Ulster||Tenby, Wales||Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh||Avon Gorge & Downs, Bristol||Jim Knight||Wee FIBbees, Forres, Scotland||Spring Common School, Moor (Huntingdon)|
|2010||Coleraine||City of London||Crawley||Beighton, Sheffield||Tameside||Harrogate||Bristol Zoo||Solihull||Ken Powles and Susan Smith||Douglas, Isle of Man||Portchester Northern Community School, Fareham||Halstead|
|2009||Rustington||Bangor - Bangor Walled Garden||Earsdon||St. Brelade’s Bay Hotel||St Andrew’s, Scotland||Chipping, Lancashire||Harrogate - Valley Gardens||Farthing Downs and New Hill, London Borough of Croydon||Vic Verrier||Falkland, Fife|Falkland||Eston, North Yorkshire and Plymouth|
|2008||Perth||Sheffield||Cricklade||Ocean Road, South Shields||Sheffield||Douglas, Isle of Man||Ravelin Park Southsea||North Meadow, Cricklade||Terry Bane||Applegrove School, Forres|
|2007||Grouville||Bury St. Edmunds and Abbots Green School||Nottingham||White Rose shopping centre, Beeston||Duffus and North Berwick||Cleethorpes||Mount Edgcumbe Park Plymouth||Cardiff Bay||Christel MacIntosh, Alness|
|2006||Shrewsbury||St. Helier - Waterfront||Falkland||Taylors of Harrogate, Starbeck||Norton in Hales||Scarborough||Greyfriars Green Coventry||Durlston Country Park, Swanage||Clifford Prout, Old Colwyn|
|2005||Nottingham||North Berwick||The Friends of Norwich in Bloom||Fareham Memorial Gardens||Manchester City Centre||Hexham||University Park Nottingham||Rottingdean||Jeanette Warke, Londonderry|
|2004||Perth||Sheffield - Peace Garden||Seedley and Langworthy (Salford)||Bracknell Flowers, Bracknell||Market Bosworth||Falkland||Jephson Gardens Royal Leamington Spa||Tilgate Centre, Crawley||Doug Stacey||Sheffield and Market Harborough|
|2003||Falkland||Guildford||Coleraine||Normanton||Aberdeen||Barnstaple||Botanic Gardens Bath||Bury St. Edmunds||Malcolm Wood, Nottingham|
|2002||Stafford||Oxford - Arlington Business Park||Saltburn by the Sea||Doxford International Business Park, Sunderland||Newcastle under Lyme - Meadows Residents Association||Drumnadrochit & Brighton and Hove||Johnston Park Aberdeen||London Borough of Bromley||Carolyn Wilson, Alness|
|2001||Bath||St. Helier - Harbour Approach||KeyMed, Southend on Sea||Newcastle upon Tyne||Lynton & Lynmouth||The Crichton Dumfries||Tatsfield||Pupils and teachers at Applegrove Primary School, Forres||Leeds|
|1999||Nottingham, Hyson Green|
|1990||Southport||Swansea||Guildford||J Sainsbury plc||Nuneaton and Bedworth||Keswick[better source needed]||George Tomlinson
|1989||Morpeth||Telford||Saintfield in Bloom Committee||Bournemouth||Moira||Muriel Preece
Organiser of West Country in Bloom
|1988||Bury St Edmunds||Plymouth||Moffat||Gorey, Jersey||Exeter||Lewis McAvoy
Chief Technical Officer Lisburn Borough Council
|1987||Bath||Crewe||The Japanese Garden, Aberdeen||Stratford upon Avon||Bury St Edmunds||Jim Woods
|1986||Shrewsbury||Belfast||Walter Dinning, Parks Department, Gateshead||Nantwich||Sorn||Leonard Likorish
former Director General of the British Tourist Authority
|1985||Douglas||Crewe||Tom Dobbins, Babbacombe Model Village, Devon||Torquay||Market Bosworth||Dr W Dally
|1984||Cheltenham||Forres||St. David's Centre, Cardiff||Nantwich||East Sleekburn||George Dick
Village orderly of Ballinamallard
|1983||Ryton||Aberdeen||Tevrnspite, Dyfed||Sidmouth||Cheltenham||David Welch
Director of Leisure and Recreation, Aberdeen
|1982||Swansea||Kirkcaldy||Harold Peirce, Arthur Allen, Brian Pattenden, Nigel Rogers - Eastbourne Parks Dept||Stratford upon Avon||Stratford upon Avon||(posthumous)
|1981||Stockport||Strathclyde||Bath||Largs||Mr H Parker
Assistant Director of Environment (Parks) Swansea City Council
|1979||Belfast||York||Douglas||Mr B Wolley
Chairman Northumberland in Bloom
|1978||Swansea||Holywell||Dr D W Huebner
Chairman Yorkshire and Humberside in Bloom
|1977||Bath||Exeter||Mr P Conn
Ex Parks Director, City of Liverpool
|1976||Bath||Wolviston||Mr C B Preece
West Country in Bloom
|1975||City of London||London Borough of Camden|
There are 18 Regions/ Nations "in Bloom", each of which coordinate regional campaigns in their area. The regions of the UK and Crown dependencies used in the competition are (with reference to ceremonial counties and government office regions)
RHS It's Your Neighbourhood
RHS It's Your Neighbourhood is part of the wider RHS Britain in Bloom initiative, helping volunteer-led groups to improve their local area. Any group can take part, as long as it is volunteer-led and involved in hands-on community gardening. It should also be working with the community for the benefit of the community. Participating groups care for all sorts of spaces - from local parks and gardens, to odd grot-spots which have been transformed and shared residential spaces or alleyways.
The campaign was launched by the RHS in 2006 to support grassroots community gardening and there are currently more than 1,300 registered groups. (2012)
The initiative works around the same three pillars of assessment as RHS Britain in Bloom: Community Participation, Gardening Achievement and Environmental Responsibility; however, it is not a competitive campaign. Participating groups receive an annual visit from an It's Your Neighbourhood assessor, who provides feedback and tips for how to develop projects, and each group receives a certificate of achievement from the RHS.
It's Your Neighbourhood is free to enter and open to groups of all sizes.
Source of civic pride
Winning a category within Britain in Bloom at a national or even regional level has proved to be a source of considerable civic pride for the towns, cities and villages involved. Many of the authorities of the winning locations do advertise their achievements on signs within, or more predominantly on the outskirts of their settlement. One journalist stated that "Since Britain In Bloom began in 1963 … nothing has pleased town councillors more than to hammer up a sign at the outskirts of their kingdom trumpeting superiority to incoming visitors… Few events provide a sterner test of civic pride." Examples include Garstang where the sign that leads to the high street at the heart of the town says, above the name "Garstang", Britain In Bloom Small Town – Gold Award Winners 2002, 2005, and "Invitation Finalists to Champion of Champions 2006", or Guildford, which advertises its past triumph in the Town category on its welcome signs.
- Graham Ashworth CBE, Britain in Bloom, The Tidy Britain Group (Wigan:1991)
- RHS Growing Communities magazine
References and notes
- Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea - About In Bloom
- RHS Britain in Bloom campaign statistics
- The Garden, (Journal of The Royal Horticultural Society), October 2002, p752)
- Graham Ashworth CBE, Britain in Bloom, pages 7 & 8, The Tidy Britain Group (Wigan:1991)
- Lewisham in Bloom heroes pick up awards
- Woolton in Bloom - Information on Britain in Bloom
- The Garden, (Journal of The Royal Horticultural Society), April 2003, p233)
- Wednesday, 8 August 2007, Flower power: The Britain in Bloom phenomenon, The Independent
- RHS Britain in Bloom
- Graham Ashworth CBE, Britain in Bloom, The Tidy Britain Group (Wigan:1991)
- From Bloom Review, Issue 8, Spring 2006: Champion of Champions - This is a category within the RHS Britain in Bloom UK Finals where selected communities, of all population sizes, who have demonstrated sustained high standards in the Bloom campaign, are invited to compete for the title of ‘Champion of Champions’. These entries are judged against the Bloom criteria relevant to their population, and then compared to determine the overall winner.
- "Britain in Bloom winners announced". Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- "Thornbury in Bloom". Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- "Thornbury bags gold for blooms". BBC News. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- RHS Britain in Bloom Awards Winners 2008
- RHS Britain in Bloom Awards Winners 2007
- "Welcome to Bamton, Devon". Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- "Bampton in Bloom achievements". Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- "Beddgelert village". Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- The Entente Florale itself has taken different forms, such as the "ENTENTE FLORALE – Ten Nations Competition" and the "ENTENTE FLORALE – Britain - France - Belgium Competition"
- "About us". Retrieved 19 February 2011.