Britannia Adelphi Hotel

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Adelphi Hotel, Liverpool
Britannia Adelphi 2011.jpg
Front of hotel in 2011
General information
Location Ranelagh Place, Liverpool, England
Coordinates 53°24′20″N 2°58′39″W / 53.40549°N 2.97740°W / 53.40549; -2.97740Coordinates: 53°24′20″N 2°58′39″W / 53.40549°N 2.97740°W / 53.40549; -2.97740
Opening 1914
Owner Britannia Hotels
Technical details
Floor count 6
Design and construction
Architect Frank Atkinson
Other information
Number of rooms 402 Bedrooms
Number of restaurants 3
Website
Visit website

The Britannia Adelphi Hotel is located at Ranelagh Place, Liverpool city centre, Merseyside, England. The present building is the third hotel on the site, and is designated by English Heritage as Grade II listed building.[1] The building is owned and managed by Britannia Hotels. It contains 402 en-suite bedrooms, conference and dining facilities, and a gymnasium.[2]

History[edit]

The first hotel on the site was built in 1826 for the hotelier James Radley.[3] It was built on the site of the former Ranelagh Gardens,[4] the first open space for public recreation in Liverpool.[5] This hotel was replaced by another hotel in 1876, which was bought in 1892 by the Midland Railway. The railway company replaced it between 1911 and 1914 with the present building, designed by Frank Atkinson. When opened, it was "regarded as the most luxurious hotel outside London".[6]

Due to Liverpool being a major arrival and departure point for ocean liners during the early 20th century, the Adelphi served as the most popular hotel in the city for wealthy passengers before they embarked on their journey to North America.[7] The RMS Titanic was registered in Liverpool (though it never visited the port) and the Sefton Suite is an exact replica of the ill fated liner's First Class Smoking Lounge.[3]

Guests at the hotel have included world leaders, such as Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. Artistes appearing at the Empire Theatre, including Frank Sinatra, Laurel and Hardy, Judy Garland, Bob Dylan, Roy Rogers and his horse Trigger have also stayed at the hotel.[4]

Contrary to the depiction in the film White Mischief, Sir Jock Delves Broughton actually committed suicide in the Adelphi Hotel in December 1942.

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The Britannia Adelphi Liverpool is constructed in Portland stone. It has seven stories, and its entrance front contains eleven bays. The central three bays of the ground floor comprise the entrance, which is enhanced by columns. The windows on the first floor are round-headed; the rest of the windows are rectangular. In the central three bays of the fourth and fifth floors is a recessed balcony with Ionic columns. There are similar columns on these floors in the second and tenth bays. Above the sixth floor is a cornice with a balustrade.[1]

Interior[edit]

The public rooms contain columns, marble panelling, and coffered arches.[1] The Central Court is top-lit, and contains pink marble pilasters, glazed screens, and French doors opening into restaurants on its sides. Beyond this is the Hypostyle Hall, containing Empire-style decoration and four Ionic columns. Beyond this is the Fountain Court.[6]

Adelphi Hotel in media[edit]

In Jules Verne's novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea Chapter 1.8, Professor Aronnax describes the interior of the submarine as similar to the Adelphi Hotel.[8] The lounge was used in the 1981 TV series Brideshead Revisited as the interior of an ocean liner.[9] In 1997, the hotel was the subject of an eight-part BBC documentary series, Hotel.[10][11] This fly-on-the-wall documentary enabled viewers to look behind the scenes at the everyday running of the hotel. The series was voiced over by Andrew Sachs who played Manuel in Fawlty Towers.

In November 2010 the hotel received a very poor report following a hygiene inspection[12] by Liverpool City Council and enforcement action was threatened if improvements were not made. This resulted in the hotel general manager being removed from his post.[13] A subsequent inspection reported that things were "much improved".[14]

The Adelphi Hotel features briefly in the Bob Dylan documentary Don't Look Back as Dylan appears on the balcony of his room to wave to his fans below.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The Adelphi Hotel, Liverpool", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, retrieved 7 August 2011 
  2. ^ The Adelphi Hotel Liverpool City Centre, Britannia Hotels, retrieved 7 August 2011 
  3. ^ a b The Adelphi, BBC, retrieved 7 August 2011 
  4. ^ a b Pye, Ken (2011), Discover Liverpool, Liverpool: Trinity Mirror Media, p. 28, ISBN 978-1-906802-90-5 
  5. ^ Layton-Jones, Katy; Lee, Robert (2008), Places of Health and Amusement, Swindon: English Heritage, pp. 4–6, ISBN 978-1-873592-91-5 
  6. ^ a b Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 334, ISBN 0-300-10910-5 
  7. ^ A Brief History of the Adelphi Hotel, retrieved 28 August 2011 
  8. ^ "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea". Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  9. ^ The Britannia Adelphi Hotel Liverpool: The story of a great undertaking (booklet available from the hotel, undated)
  10. ^ Hotel at the Internet Movie Database
  11. ^ "Adelphi - the series". BBC. May 2002. Retrieved 2011-04-16. 
  12. ^ Zero star rating
  13. ^ Manager Sacked following "ZERO STAR HYGIENE RATING"
  14. ^ Hygiene Report - Caterer

External links[edit]