14th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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14th Infantry Brigade
Active World War I: 1914–1918
World War II: 1939–1945
Country Great Britain
Branch British Army
Type Infantry
Airlanding
Role Chindit
Engagements Battle of Crete and Siege of Tobruk

The British 14th Infantry Brigade was a British Army formation during both the First World War and the Second World War.

History[edit]

World War I[edit]

In 1914 this brigade was part of the 5th Division and moved over to France. In 1915 the brigade was transferred to the 32nd Division.

Component units World War I[edit]

World War II[edit]

At the start of the war this unit was made up of regular army battalions based in the Middle East garrisons, nominally part of the 8th Infantry Division. It was present at the Battle of Crete, holding Heraklion airfield and causing many casualties among the German Parachute troops. Evacuated to North Africa where it became part of the 70th Infantry Division in the break out from Tobruk. The 70th Infantry Division was transferred to India and then Burma. Here the division, including the 14th Infantry Brigade, was split up and reformed as Chindits, fighting in the Second Chindit Expedition of 1944 (codenamed Operation Thursday). The brigade suffered 489 casualties during the Chindit operation.[1] On 1 November 1944 the brigade was redesignated as the 14th British Airlanding Brigade.

Component units World War II[edit]

The following infantry battalions were assigned to the 14th Infantry Brigade for various periods in World War II.[2]

Commanders[edit]

  • Brig. G. Dawes (3 September 1939–26 July 1940)
  • Brig. O.H. Tidbury (30 October 1940–27 April 1941)
  • Brig. B.H. Chappel (27 April 1941–2 May 1942)
  • Brig. A. Gilroy (2 May 1942–6 November 1943)
  • Brig. Thomas Brodie (6 November 1943–31 October 1944)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Great Campaigns of World War II. Great Britain: Phoebus Publishing. 1980. ISBN 0-86288-340-7. 
  • Antony Beevor (1991). Crete, The Battle and the Resistance. Great Britain: John Murray (Publishers). ISBN 0-7195-6831-5. 
  • 14 Infantry Brigade at Orders of Battle.com

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Young, Frank. "Chindits, Special Force Burma 1942-1944". Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  2. ^ 14 Infantry Brigade at Orders of Battle.com