18th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

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For the equivalent formation in World War I, see 18th (Eastern) Division.
18th Infantry Division
18th Infantry Division UK badge.jpg
18th Infantry Division badge
Active Second World War
Country United Kingdom
Branch Territorial Army
Type Infantry
Engagements France (1940)
Battle of Muar (53rd Infantry Brigade)
Singapore (1942)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Bernard Paget

The 18th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Territorial Army, part of the British Army, that saw service in World War II. It was a 2nd Line duplicate of the 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division using mostly units with connections to East Anglia.

History[edit]

The 18th (East Anglian) Infantry Division was a 2nd Line Territorial Army duplicate of the 1st Line 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division raised in 1939 on the doubling of the Territorial Army as war with Germany seemed increasingly likely. Despite being a 2nd Line Territorial formation, the division also contained many 1st Line units, most coming from the 54th Division.

Among the infantry brigades, the 53rd Infantry Brigade was converted (simply redesignated) from the 163rd Infantry Brigade on September 18, 1939. The brigade arrived at Singapore on January 13, 1942, before the rest of the division, and was attached to the 11th Indian Infantry Division and Westforce on mainland Malaya where it was involved in the retreat back to Singapore, fighting the Battle of Muar in company with Indian units.

The main part of the 18th Infantry Division landed at Singapore a few weeks before the fall of the island. After the violent week-long Battle of Singapore, Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, commander of the Singapore garrison, surrendered to the Imperial Japanese Army on February 15, 1942. The division's soldiers went into Japanese POW camps where they suffered many hardships.

The division was not reformed.

General Officer Commanding[edit]

Order of battle[edit]

SS Empress of Asia beached and burning, 5 February 1942. The convoy comprised four vessels bringing the remainder of the 18th Division to Singapore, and was the last convoy to reach the island before it fell.

In January 1942 before the surrender in Singapore

18th Division H.Q.[edit]

  • 287th Field Company, Royal Engineers
  • 288th Field Company, Royal Engineers
  • 560th Field Company, Royal Engineers

53rd Infantry Brigade[edit]

Commander previous to Duke were Brig. M.D. Jephson and Brig. S. Collingwood.[1]

54th Infantry Brigade[edit]

  • Brigadier E.K.W.Backhouse
  • 4th Battalion, Royal Norfolk Regiment
  • 4th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment
  • 5th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment

55th Infantry Brigade[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 53 Infantry Brigade at Orders of Battle.com

External links[edit]