British American Racing

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BAR
British American Racing (logo).gif
Full name British American Racing (1999)
Lucky Strike BAR Honda (2000-2005)
Base Brackley, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom
Founder(s) Craig Pollock
Noted staff Adrian Reynard
David Richards
Nick Fry
Noted drivers Canada Jacques Villeneuve
United Kingdom Jenson Button
Finland Mika Salo
France Olivier Panis
Japan Takuma Sato
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson
Previous name Tyrrell Racing
Next name Honda Racing F1 Team
Formula One World Championship career
Debut 1999 Australian Grand Prix
Races competed 118
Constructors'
Championships
0 (best finish: 2nd, 2004)
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories 0 (best finish: 2nd, 2004 San Marino, Monaco, German and Chinese Grands Prix)
Pole positions 2
Fastest laps 0
Final race 2005 Chinese Grand Prix

British American Racing was a Formula One constructor that competed in the sport from 1999 to 2005. BAR began by acquiring Tyrrell, and used Supertec engines for their first year. Subsequently they formed a partnership with Honda which lasted for the next six years.

The team was named after British American Tobacco plc (BAT), which owned and sponsored it in order to display its Lucky Strike and 555 brands. In mid-November 2004 Honda purchased 45% of the team, and in September 2005 purchased the remaining 55% share to become the sole owner. Consequently BAR Honda became the Honda team for the 2006 Formula One season. BAT continued as title sponsor with the Lucky Strike brand but due to new tobacco advertising regulations worldwide, pulled its Lucky Strike sponsorship from Formula One entirely at the end of the 2006 season.

History[edit]

British American Tobacco (BAT) had been involved in Formula One for many years, with several of its brands being displayed on F1 cars run by various teams.

In 1997 the corporation was convinced by Craig Pollock to provide most of the equity to purchase the Tyrrell Formula One team for GB£30 million.[1] Pollock, Adrian Reynard and Rick Gorne were the minority partners. The deal was announced on 2 December 1997.[2] The team was still officially known as Tyrrell in 1998, before it became BAR the following year.

The team had Reynard chassis and Honda engines (although in the maiden season they used Supertecs instead).

Preparations[edit]

On 23 July 1998 BAR announced the signing of World Champion Jacques Villeneuve away from Williams with a lucrative contract for the 1999 season.[3] Pollock had managed Villeneuve throughout his racing career. Villeneuve was joined by F1 rookie Ricardo Zonta. The car's chassis was built by Reynard Motorsport at a new factory in Brackley and was powered by Supertec (rebadged Renault) engines. Pollock bragged about how successful the team would be in its maiden year.

At the launch of their new car BAR unveiled separate liveries for their cars; Villeneuve's car painted in a white and red Lucky Strike livery and Zonta's carrying a blue and yellow 555 livery. The FIA deemed the dual liveries illegal under F1 regulations which state that a team's cars must carry largely identical liveries. BAR lodged a complaint with the International Chamber of Commerce (as permitted under F1's regulations) but simultaneously lodged a complaint with the European Commission. Pollock was summoned to the World Motor Sport Council to explain the team behaviour. A potential fine and/or ban was averted when Pollock agreed to abide by the F1 arbitration process, admitted that in filing the complaint to the EC his lawyers had acted independently and that declarations made in the claim did not reflect his personal views. He also apologised to the Council and reiterated his acceptance of the FIA's authority.[4] To get around the ban BAR ran one side of their cars painted in the Lucky Strike colors, and the other side in the blue and yellow of 555. BAR reverted to a more traditional style of livery for 2000 onwards.

BAR had the slogan 'A tradition of excellence' which made pundits chuckle as the team had no history and therefore no tradition to be excellent. They created a further stir when openly stating that they would win a race in their first season – this was an ambitious claim.

1999[edit]

In a disastrous maiden season BAR failed to score a single point in the Constructors' Championship.[5] Villeneuve started the year with 11 straight retirements, and failed to finish a race until the Belgian Grand Prix that August. Zonta missed three races due to an injury and managed only a best finish of 8th. Mika Salo, who filled in for Zonta while he was hurt, provided the team with its best finish of 7th.

Thanks to the backing from BAT, British American Racing benefitted from significant funding and a lavish budget in their opening season but it was reported that by half way through the season they had already overspent that budget by enough to keep Formula 1 minnows Minardi racing for several years.

2000[edit]

The BAR 002 brought the team its first points at the 2000 Australian Grand Prix.

During the 1999 season BAR announced that Honda was to supply them with engines beginning in 2000. The Honda deal not only meant they would supply engines but that Honda staff would work with the team at their Brackley base. Honda had planned to enter Formula One as a factory team, but relented. It was the first time Honda had been directly involved in Formula One since 1992. BAR did not have exclusive use of Honda engines, though, as Jordan Grand Prix were using Mugen Honda units. The following year Jordan were given factory Honda engines, but the engine manufacturers could not supply two teams forever. This prompted a battle between BAR and Jordan for the use of Honda engines in the long term.

The car was once again designed in cooperation with Adrian Reynard despite talk of tension between him and team principal Craig Pollock. At the launch of the 002 car Pollock himself described the 2000 season as chance to "wipe the slate clean" following their poor first season and admitted that the team had made many mistakes in their first season.

In 2000 the new Honda powered BAR did show a significant improvement. It proved to be considerably more reliable than the team's previous effort, but the team still only had a best finish of 4th and the victory they had promised in 1999 still eluded them. At the end of the season the team finished equal 4th in the constructors championship. The progression and improvement of the team was enough to convince Villeneuve to remain at the team.

2001[edit]

Villeneuve driving for BAR at the 2001 Canadian Grand Prix.

Villeneuve reached the podium twice in 2001 for BAR, but neither his nor new teammate Olivier Panis's results were consistent enough.

2002[edit]

Under pressure from British American Tobacco, Pollock resigned on the eve of the launch of the 2002 car and was replaced as team principal by David Richards.[6] Richards' Prodrive company was also awarded a five year management contract to run BAR. BAT and Prodrive had a prior relationship with BAT sponsoring Subaru's World Rally Championship team, operated by Prodrive.

2002 was a transient season for BAR. A significant proportion of the workforce was culled while technical director Malcolm Oastler and designer Andy Green left. Villeneuve still struggled to score points and Panis also failing to reach expectations. BAR signed a deal to become Honda's only team in 2003, despite finishing behind Honda's other team, Jordan, in both 2001 and 2002.

2003[edit]

Jacques Villeneuve driving for the BAR team at the US Grand Prix at Indianapolis in 2003
Logo used by BAR during their partnership with Honda, which began exclusively from the 2001 season

BAR brought in Jenson Button to replace Panis for the 2003 Formula One season. Villeneuve's contract negotiation arguments with David Richards eventually ended with him being replaced before the end of the season by Japanese driver Takuma Sato. Honda has traditionally liked its teams to field Japanese drivers for publicity reasons in the car manufacturer's home country. Jenson Button led a race for the first time at the 2003 United States Grand Prix. The team struggled due to its use of Bridgestone tyres. In the off-season they changed to rival company Michelin.

Peak in 2004[edit]

Early in 2004, the team saw a further upswing in its fortunes, Button scoring many podium finishes. He also took their first pole position, at San Marino. The Honda RA004E engine was reputed to produce slightly over 960 bhp (716 kW; 973 PS) in Suzuka Special form, and was certainly one of the most powerful, if not the most powerful engine in Formula One. BAR finished the season in 2nd place in the Constructors' Championship, beating every team except for Ferrari. Despite this, BAR's first win still eluded them.

During the course of the 2004 season a dispute with WilliamsF1 threatened to overshadow BAR's on-track performance. Both teams believed they had a valid contract for Button in 2005. The issue finally went to the Contract Recognition Board, which found in favour of BAR. Button was to drive for BAR in 2005, but signed a contract to join Williams for 2006.

With increasing restrictions being placed upon tobacco companies' opportunities to advertise in Formula One, rumours suggested that BAT would try to sell the team. In mid-November 2004, BAR announced that Honda had purchased 45% and, as part of the deal, David Richards left to be replaced by Nick Fry as team principal. Prodrive's management contract was also terminated early.

2005: Poor start and controversy[edit]

The start of the 2005 season didn't go according to plan for BAR, as they struggled in the "flyaway" races at the start of the season. Just as they became competitive, in San Marino, BAR Honda was disqualified for running with illegal cars. The allegation was that the cars were able to race with their total weight below 605 kg (1323 lb), the minimum weight required for a Formula 1 car. BAR disputed this, saying that the engine required a minimum of 6 kg (13 lb) of fuel to work, thus keeping them above the minimum weight. Their interpretation of the rules was that this limit applies only during the race, not during the post-race scrutineering. The FIA, and later the court, disagreed. In addition to the disqualification, the team was banned for two races, a period which included the lucrative Monaco Grand Prix. The team initially indicated that they planned to fight the decision before a regular civil court but later decided to accept the verdict. Max Mosley, the president of the FIA, saw the sanction as very lenient; he had wanted the team to be banned for the rest of the season. However, they were unable to prove deliberate intent to cheat,[7] as they had with BAR's predecessor, Tyrrell, in the 1984 season.

The team's pitwall control centre, from which the team managers and strategists communicated with the drivers and engineers

When BAR returned at the European Grand Prix the team struggled to find its feet. In stark contrast to the previous season, BAR failed to score a single point until the midway point, at the 2005 French Grand Prix. Takuma Sato had a particularly poor season, scoring just one point, and subsequently, his contract was not renewed by BAR at the end of the season. Sato was replaced in the new Honda team by former Ferrari driver Rubens Barrichello. Still, the team showed its grit by steadily developing the car, allowing Button to score in each of the last 10 races of the season, culminating in 2 podium positions. Confirmation of this improvement was shown in a skillful pass made by Jenson Button, overtaking Jacques Villeneuve at the fast Pouhon corner at Spa-Francorchamps, in the rain, and around the outside.

At the end of 2005 Honda obtained 100% ownership of BAR from British American Tobacco, completing their ambition to become a full F1 manufacturer team. In addition, Jenson Button's Williams contract was bought out for US$30 million, and Button signed a multi-year contract with Honda.

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres No. Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Points WCC
1999 01 Supertec FB01 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR AUT GER HUN BEL ITA EUR MAL JPN 0 11th
22 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 15 8 10 Ret 9
23 Brazil Ricardo Zonta Ret DNQ Ret 9 Ret 15 Ret 13 Ret Ret 8 Ret 12
Finland Mika Salo 7 Ret 8
2000 002 Honda RA000E 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR GBR ESP EUR MON CAN FRA AUT GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN MAL 20 5th
22 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 4 Ret 5 16 Ret Ret 7 15 4 4 8 12 7 Ret 4 6 5
23 Brazil Ricardo Zonta 6 9 12 Ret 8 Ret Ret 8 Ret Ret Ret 14 12 6 6 9 Ret
2001 003 Honda RA001E 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 17 6th
9 France Olivier Panis 7 Ret 4 8 7 5 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 7 Ret 11 9 11 13
10 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Ret Ret 7 Ret 3 8 4 Ret 9 Ret 8 3 9 8 6 Ret 10
2002 004 Honda RA002E 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR GBR FRA GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 7 8th
11 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Ret 8 10 7 7 10 Ret Ret 12 4 Ret Ret Ret 8 9 6 Ret
12 France Olivier Panis Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 9 5 Ret Ret 12 12 6 12 Ret
2003 005 Honda RA003E 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN ITA USA JPN 26 5th
16 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 9 DNS 6 Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret 9 10 9 Ret 6 Ret
Japan Takuma Sato 6
17 United Kingdom Jenson Button 10 7 Ret 8 9 4 DNS Ret 7 Ret 8 8 10 Ret Ret 4
2004 006 Honda RA004E 3.0 V10 M AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA CHN JPN BRA 119 2nd
9 United Kingdom Jenson Button 6 3 3 2 8 2 3 3 Ret 5 4 2 5 Ret 3 2 3 Ret
10 Japan Takuma Sato 9 15 5 16 5 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 11 8 6 Ret 4 6 4 6
2005 007 Honda RA005E 3.0 V10 M AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN TUR ITA BEL BRA JPN CHN 38 6th
3 United Kingdom Jenson Button 11 Ret Ret DSQ EX EX 10 Ret DNS 4 5 3 5 5 8 3 7 5 8
4 Japan Takuma Sato 14 Ret DSQ EX EX 12 Ret DNS 11 16 12 8 9 16 Ret 10 DSQ Ret
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson Ret

Speed record attempt[edit]

BAR tested a modified BAR-Honda 007 car which they intended to use in an attempt to set the land speed record for a car meeting FIA Formula One regulations. The team aimed for 400 km/h (249 mph), and were planning to attempt the record at Bonneville Salt Flats.[8] The driver for this project was Alan van der Merwe. The modified chassis performed a shakedown test on the 10,000-foot (3.0 km) long runway at Mojave Airport in California, on 5 November 2005, under the supervision of safety co-ordinator executive, Jamie Hardwick. The four published times recorded in this test were 393 km/h (244 mph), 405 km/h (252 mph), 410 km/h (255 mph) and 413 km/h (257 mph). However, these tests did not constitute the record attempt itself and waterlogging of the salt flats resulted in the attempt being postponed. The chassis was used by BAR's successor, Honda, to set a new record the following year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eason, Kevin (1998-10-27). "Tyrrell prepare to embark on final lap". The Times (Times Newspapers). 
  2. ^ Henry, Alan (1997-12-03). "Tyrrell sold off to new team". The Guardian (Guardian Newspapers). p. 27. 
  3. ^ "Motor Racing: Villeneuve on his way". The Guardian (Guardian Newspapers). 1998-07-24. p. 6. 
  4. ^ Henry, Alan (1993-03-13). "Motor Sport: New team back tracks". Guardian (Guardian Newspapers). p. 7. 
  5. ^ Henry, Alan (1999-11-02). "God help Ferrari No.2". Guardian (Guardian Newspapers). p. 8. 
  6. ^ Griffiths, John (2001-12-19). "BAT appoints racing team chief". Financial Times. p. 24. 
  7. ^ "Appeal submitted by the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile, on the grounds of Article 185 of the International Sporting Code" (Press release). FIA International Court of Appeal. 4 May 2005. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  8. ^ Bonneville400, archived from the original on 20 November 2005 

External links[edit]