British Columbia general election, 1912

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The British Columbia general election of 1912 was the thirteenth general election for the Province of British Columbia, Canada. It was held to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. The election was called on February 27, 1912, and held on March 28, 1912. The new legislature met for the first time on January 16, 1913.

The governing Conservative Party increased its share of the popular vote to almost 60%, and swept all but 3 of the 42 seats in the legislature. Of the remaining three, one (Harold Ernest Forster in Columbia) was formally listed as an Independent but was a Conservative who had missed the filing date. He campaigned and sat in full support of the McBride government.

The Liberal Party's share of the vote fell from one-third to one-quarter, and it lost both of its seats in the legislature.

The remaining two seats were won by the Socialist Party and the Social Democratic Party in the coal-mining ridings of Nanaimo City and Newcastle.

Results[edit]

Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1909 Elected % Change # % % Change
     Conservative 1 Richard McBride 42 38 39 +2.6% 50,423 59.65% +7.32%
Socialist   17 2 1 - 9,366 11.08% -0.42%
  Independent Conservative 7 - 1 - 1,163 1.37% +1.22%
Social Democratic   1 * 1 * 621 0.74% *
     Liberal Harlan Carey Brewster 19 2 - -100% 21,443 25.37% -7.84%
     Independent 2 - - - 1,513 1.79% -0.80%
Total 88 42 42 - 84,529 100%  
Source: Elections BC

Notes:

* Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

1 Since nine Conservatives were elected by acclamation, i.e., without any polling of votes, the total votes for the Conservative Party and the overall total as well as the popular vote are somewhat misleading. A potential 14,086 voters did not have the opportunity to exercise their franchise. Given a voter turnout of almost 50% in other ridings, the total number of votes could have been about 7,000 more.

Results by riding[edit]

Results of British Columbia general election, 1912
Government Opposition
Member Riding
& party
Riding
& party
Member
     Henry Esson Young Atlin
Conservative
          Nanaimo City
Social Democrat
John Thomas Wilmot Place     
     John George Corry Wood Alberni
Liberal
          Newcastle
Socialist
Parker Williams     
     Michael Callanan Cariboo
Conservative
    
     John Anderson Fraser     
     Samuel Arthur Cawley Chilliwhack
Conservative
    
     Harold Ernest Forster 1 Columbia
Independent Conservative
    
     Michael Manson Comox
Conservative
    
     William Henry Hayward Cowichan
Conservative
    
     Thomas Donald Caven Cranbrook
Conservative
    
     Francis James Anderson MacKenzie Delta
Conservative
    
     William J. Manson Dewdney
Conservative
    
     Robert Henry Pooley Esquimalt
Conservative
    
     William Roderick Ross Fernie
Conservative
    
     Ernest Miller Grand Forks
Conservative
    
     John Robert Jackson Greenwood
Conservative
    
     Albert Edward McPhillips The Islands
Conservative
    
     James Pearson Shaw Kamloops
Conservative
    
     Neil Franklin MacKay Kaslo
Conservative
    
     Archibald McDonald Lillooet
Conservative
    
     William Ross MacLean Nelson City
Conservative
    
     Thomas Gifford New Westminster City
Conservative
    
     Price Ellison Okanagan
Conservative
    
     Thomas Taylor Revelstoke
Conservative
    
     Francis Lovett Carter-Cotton Richmond
Conservative
    
     Lorne Argyle Campbell Rossland City
Conservative
    
     David McEwen Eberts Saanich
Conservative
    
     Lytton Wilmot Shatford Similkameen
Conservative
    
     William Manson Skeena
Conservative
    
     William Hunter Slocan
Conservative
    
     William John Bowser Vancouver City
Conservative
    
     Alexander Henry Boswell MacGowan     
     George Albert McGuire     
     Charles Edward Tisdall     
     Henry Holgate Watson     
     Henry Frederick William Behnsen Victoria City
Conservative
    
     Frederick Davey     
     Richard McBride 2
Premier
    
     Henry Broughton Thomson     
     Alexander Lucas Yale
Conservative
    
     James Hargrave Schofield Ymir
Conservative
    
1 Identified as a Conservative but listed by the Chief Electoral Officer as an Independent. When he failed to obtain the official nomination, Forster ran as an Independent Conservative but in full support of the McBride government. 2 Incumbent Premier.
Source: Elections BC

See also[edit]

Further reading & references[edit]

  • In the Sea of Sterile Mountains: The Chinese in British Columbia, Joseph Morton, J.J. Douglas, Vancouver (1974). Despite its title, a fairly thorough account of the politicians and electoral politics in early BC.