British Columbia general election, 1916

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The British Columbia general election of 1916 was the fourteenth general election for the Province of British Columbia, Canada. It was held to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. The election was called on July 5, 1916, and held on September 14, 1916. The new legislature met for the first time on March 1, 1917.

The Liberal Party defeated the governing Conservative Party, winning 50% of the vote, almost double its share from the previous election. The Liberals won 36 of the 47 seats in the legislature.

The Conservatives' popular vote fell from almost 60% to just over 40%, and took nine seats, forming the Official Opposition.

Two other seats were won by independents.

Results[edit]

Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1912 Elected % Change # % % Change
     Liberal 1 Harlan Carey Brewster 45 - 36   89,892 50.00% +24.63%
     Conservative ² William John Bowser 46 39 9 -76.9% 72,842 40.52% -19.13%
     Independent 7 - 1 - 4,926 2.74% +0.95%
  Independent Socialist 3 * 1 * 1,321 0.74% *
  Independent Conservative 4 1 - -100% 3,014 1.68% +0.31%
  Independent Labour 2 * - * 2,985 1.66% *
Socialist   4 1 - -100% 2,106 1.17% -9.91%
  Independent Liberal 1 * - * 1,518 0.84% *
Social Democratic   3 1 - -100% 1,012 0.56% -0.18%
  Independent Progressive 1 * - * 158 0.09% *
Total 116 42 47 +11.9% 179,774 100%  
Sources: Elections BC

Notes:

* Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

1 One candidate, H.C. Brewster (Liberal) who contested and was elected in both Alberni and Victoria City, is counted twice.

² Also included as a candidate is R. McBride (Conservative, Richmond) who withdrew before the 14 September polling day but received some overseas votes.

Results by riding[edit]

Results of British Columbia general election, 1916
Government Opposition
Member Riding
& party
Riding
& party
Member
     Harlan Carey Brewster 1 Alberni
Liberal
          Cowichan
Independent Conservative
William Henry Hayward     
     Frank Harry Mobley Atlin
Liberal
          Delta
Conservative
Francis James Anderson MacKenzie     
     John MacKay Yorston Cariboo
Liberal
          Esquimalt
Liberal
Robert Henry Pooley     
     Edward Dodsley Barrow Chilliwhack
Liberal
          Fort George
Conservative
William Roderick Ross     
     John Andrew Buckham Columbia
Liberal
          Lillooet
Conservative
Archibald McDonald     
     Hugh Stewart Comox
Liberal
          Nelson
Conservative
William Oliver Rose     
     James Horace King Cranbrook
Liberal
          Similkameen
Conservative
Lytton Wilmot Shatford     
     John Oliver Dewdney
Liberal
          South Okanagan
Conservative
James William Jones     
     Alexander Ingram Fisher Fernie
Liberal
          Trail
Conservative
James Hargrave Schofield     
     James Edwin Wallace Thompson Grand Forks
Liberal
          Vancouver City
Conservative
William John Bowser ²     
     John Duncan MacLean Greenwood
Liberal
          Newcastle
Socialist
Parker Williams     
     Malcolm Bruce Jackson The Islands
Liberal
    
     Frederick William Anderson Kamloops
Liberal
    
     John Keen Kaslo
    
     William Sloan Nanaimo
Liberal
    
     David Whiteside New Wesminster
Liberal
    
     Kenneth Cattanach MacDonald North Okanagan
Liberal
    
     George Samuel Hanes North Vancouver
Liberal
    
     Alexander Malcolm Manson Omineca
Liberal
    
     Thomas Dufferin Pattullo Prince Rupert
Liberal
    
     William Henry Sutherland Revelstoke
Liberal
    
     Gerald Grattan McGeer Richmond
Liberal
    
     William David Wilson Rossland
Liberal
    
     Frederick Arthur Pauline Saanich
Liberal
    
     Charles Franklin Nelson Slocan
Liberal
    
     John Walter Weart South Vancouver
Liberal
    
     John Sedgwick Cowper Vancouver City
Liberal
    
     John Wallace deBeque Farris     
     Malcolm Archibald Macdonald     
     John William McIntosh     
     Ralph Smith     
     George Bell Victoria City
Liberal
    
     Harlan Carey Brewster 1
Premier
    
     Henry Charles Hall ²     
     John Hart     
     Joseph Walters Yale
Liberal
    
1 Premier Elect. ² Incumbent Premier.
Source: Elections BC

See also[edit]

Further reading & references[edit]

  • In the Sea of Sterile Mountains: The Chinese in British Columbia, Joseph Morton, J.J. Douglas, Vancouver (1974). Despite its title, a fairly thorough account of the politicians and electoral politics in early BC.