British Formula Three Championship

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British Formula Three Championship
Category Single seaters
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Inaugural season 1951
Drivers 26 (2010) [a][1]
Teams 12 (2010)[b][2]
Constructors Dallara
Engine suppliers Mugen-Honda
Mercedes HWA
Volkswagen
Tyre suppliers Cooper Tires
Drivers' champion United Kingdom Jordan King
Official website www.formula3.co
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

The British Formula Three Championship is an international motor racing series that takes place primarily in the United Kingdom with a small number of events in mainland Europe. It is a junior-level feeder formula that uses small single seater Formula Three chassis. Its current official title is the Cooper Tires British Formula 3 International Series. Notable former champions include Jim Clark, Nelson Piquet, Mika Häkkinen, Ayrton Senna, Emerson Fittipaldi, Rubens Barrichello and Jackie Stewart.

History[edit]

The first Formula Three championship to take place in the UK was the Autosport F3 championship held in 1951, which was won by Eric Brandon. By 1954, it had evolved into a national-level series and was organised by the British Racing and Sports Car Club (BRSCC).[3] This was the 500cc period of Formula Three, which was active in the UK and other countries until 1959, at which point Formula Three was adapted into Formula Junior. In this period, there were often two or three series running concurrently and a single national series had yet to be firmly established.[4] The FIA reintroduced Formula Three in 1964, and there were two F3 championships held in the UK that year, won by Jackie Stewart and Rodney Banting. This was not the last occasion of two or more F3 championships running concurrently in the post-1964 era: from 1970 to 1973, there were three regional series (the Lombard North, John Player, and Forward Trust championships) and there were normally two series between then and 1978.[3] In 1984, the series adopted a B class for competitors with older chassis, which is now known as the National class.[5] From 2011 the National class will be renamed Rookie Championship. In 2011 Formula Three in the United Kingdom celebrated its 60th anniversary season.

Equipment[edit]

Like most Formula Three championships, competitors in British F3 are permitted to use any eligible chassis. The minimum and maximum age of a chassis specification is dictated by the class in which its driver competes: International class entrants must use a chassis that meets the FIA's technical regulations as applicable to 2009, while National class entrants are restricted to cars that meet the 2007 FIA regulations.[6] In practice, this means that class A cars must have been designed for the current three-year model cycle and class B cars must date from the previous cycle.

Dallara has been dominant since the mid-1990s – in both results and numbers – but the chassis of some of its main competitors have been adopted in small numbers. The Lola B06/30 and the Mygale M07/F3 are each represented by two-car teams and the older Dome F106 is used by a two-car team in the Scholarship class.[7] In the interests of parity, identical tyres are supplied by Cooper Tire.

Three engine manufacturers – AMG-Mercedes (tuned by H.W.A), Volkswagen and Mugen-Honda (tuned by Neil Brown Engineering) – are currently represented on a full-time basis.[7] The Opel-Spiess was used by Swiss Racing Team in a one-off appearance at Monza only. The regulations demand that all class B entrants must use Mugen-Hondas of an identical specification, prepared and sealed by Neil Brown Engineering Limited.[8]

All entrants in the series must use control tyres from a single supplier. Since 1982, these have been manufactured by Avon Tyres, which from the 2009 season onwards were re-branded as Cooper Tires, as Cooper became the championship's official title sponsor. The company recently signed an extension until the end of 2014. Tyres are limited to 60 sets per season per team and three sets of tyres per weekend per team. Two sets of wet-weather tyres are allowed per race weekend, but their use is allowed in the case of a ‘Wet Race’ only. Tyres are to be filled with environmental air or nitrogen; chemical or mechanical treatment is prohibited. Tyre dimensions: 180/550 R 13 front, 240/570 R 13 rear. Tyre heaters are not allowed.

Specifications[edit]

Chassis[edit]

  • Name: Dallara F312
  • Construction: Stepped floor, crash boxes at the front and the rear two roll-over structures. No change of chassis during an event
  • Bodywork: Glass fiber composite with Nomex honeycomb
  • Length: 4,350 mm (171 in)
  • Height: 950 mm (37 in)
  • Width: May not exceed 1,850 mm (73 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2,800 mm (110 in)
  • Front axle track width: 1,595 mm (63 in)
  • Rear axle track width: 1,540 mm (61 in)
  • Weight: 550 kg (1,213 lb) car including driver in full race gear and including all fluids apart from fuel
  • Fuel tank: FIA/FT3 homologated rubber safety tank
  • Fuel capacity: 12 imperial gallons (55 litres; 14 US gallons)
  • Steering: 2-wheel steering with rack and pinion, power-steering
  • Drivetrain: 2WD only
  • Clutch: AP Racing twin-plate carbon-fibre clutch operated with foot-pedal
  • Gearbox: Hewland 6-speed semi-automatic paddle shift gearbox
  • Aerodynamics: Adjustable dual-element rear wing. Works to create aerodynamic downforce and balance between the front and rear of the car
  • Brakes: Performance Friction Brakes ventilated steel/carbon the component that applies the brake pad to the disc
  • Dampers: Koni and ZF Sachs
  • Springs: H&R
  • Front suspension: Double wishbone and push-rod front and rear, mono/twin damper
  • Rear suspension: Double wishbone and push-rod front and rear, twin damper
  • Wheel rims: OZ Racing forged aluminium wheels
  • Wheel rim size: Front maximum Ø 11.5 x 13”, rear maximum Ø 15.5 x 13”
  • Tyres: Exclusively Cooper Avon Zeon, limited to 60 sets of tyres per season per team. Three sets of tyres per weekend per team. Two sets of wet-weather tyres per race weekend, but their use is allowed in the case of a ‘Wet Race’ only. Tyres to be filled with environmental air or nitrogen; chemical or mechanical treatment is prohibited. Tyre heaters are not allowed
  • Front tyre: 180/550 - R13
  • Rear tyre: 240/570 - R13
  • Steering wheel: Sparco Formula 3 racing steering wheel
  • Display instrumentation: Bosch LCD Motorsport Display
  • Safety equipment: Sabelt, Sparco, Schroth, Willans and OMP 6-point seatbelt, rear view mirror, HANS device, helmet, headsock, race suit, NOMEX firesuit, racing gloves, racing socks, racing boots, rear rain flash
  • Probitings: Active suspension, Telemetry and Traction Control

Engine[edit]

  • Manufacturer: Volkswagen, Mugen Honda, TOM'S Toyota, ThreeBond Nissan, Mercedes-Benz
  • Type: Piston engines, production block and cylinder head, annual production of at least 2500 units. Four-stroke engine, maximum number of cylinders: four. Air restrictor Ø 26 mm. The use of magnesium and supercharging is banned
  • Configuration: Inline-4 bore and stroke are free
  • Displacement: 2.0 L (2,000 cc; 122 cu in)
  • Valvetrain: DOHC, four-valves per cylinder
  • Fuel: WP Motorsport 100 RON, no refuelling is allowed during qualifying and race. After qualifying and race, 1 kg of fuel still has to be in the fuel system
  • Fuel Delivery: Fuel injection
  • Aspiration: Naturally aspirated
  • Power Output: 200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS) @ between 5000 and 7400 rpm
  • Torque: 284 N·m (209 ft·lbf) @ 4250 rpm
  • Battery: Deka
  • Filters: FIAMM
  • Lubrication: Dry sump
  • Oil vendors: Castrol, Mobil 1
  • Electronics/ECU: Bosch Motronic MS 3.1, McLaren Electronic Systems
  • Spark plugs: Champion
  • Max Speed: Approx. 160-165 mph
  • Ignition: CDI

Events[edit]

The championship comprises ten rounds, each with three races. The scoring system arranged as follows:

 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Race 1 & 3  25   18   15   12   10   8   6   4   2   1 
Race 2  12   9   8   7   6   5   4   3   2   1 

A bonus point is awarded for the fastest race lap in each class for all three races. The event schedule takes place over three days (normally Friday to Sunday) with testing or free practice sessions on the first day, a 30' qualifying session and race 1 of 30' on the second day. The third day has two races, race 2 of 20' and race 3 of 40'. The qualifying session determines the starting order for races 1 and 3, where the driver's fastest time determines the grid for race 3, and the second fastest time the grid for race 1.

Champions[edit]

Season Series Name Champion Team Chassis/engine National Class Champion
1951 Autosport F3 United Kingdom Eric Brandon Cooper-Norton
1952 Autosport F3 United Kingdom Don Parker Kieft-Norton
1953 Autosport F3 United Kingdom Don Parker Kieft-Norton
1954 BRSCC National F3 United Kingdom Les Leston Cooper-Norton
1955 BRSCC National F3 United Kingdom Jim Russell Cooper-Norton
JAP F3 United Kingdom Henry Taylor Cooper-JAP
1956 BRSCC National F3 United Kingdom Jim Russell Cooper-Norton
1957 BRSCC National F3 United Kingdom Jim Russell Cooper-Norton
1958 BRSCC National F3 United Kingdom Trevor Taylor Cooper-Norton
1959 BRSCC F3 United Kingdom Don Parker Cooper-Norton
1960 BRSCC F3 United Kingdom Jack Pitcher Cooper-Norton
John Davy Formula Junior United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Ford
BRSCC Formula Junior United Kingdom Jack Pitcher Alexis-BMC
Motor Racing Formula Junior United Kingdom Jim Clark
United Kingdom Trevor Taylor
Lotus-Ford
1961 BRSCC F3 United Kingdom Mike Ledbrook Cooper-Norton
John Davy Formula Junior United Kingdom Bill Moss Gemini-Ford
BRSCC Formula Junior United Kingdom Mike Ledbrook Lotus-Ford
Motor Racing Formula Junior United Kingdom Trevor Taylor Lotus-Ford
1962 John Davy Formula Junior United Kingdom John Fenning Lotus-Ford
1963 Express & Star Formula Junior United Kingdom Peter Arundell Lotus-Ford
BARC Formula Junior United Kingdom Peter Arundell Lotus-Ford
1964 Express & Star F3 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Cooper-BMC
BRSCC F3 United Kingdom Rodney Banting Lotus-BMC
SMRC F3 Iceland Sverrir Thoroddsson Lotus-Ford-Cosworth
1965 BRSCC F3 United Kingdom Tony Dean Brabham-Ford-Cosworth
BARC F3 United Kingdom Roy Pike Brabham-Ford-Cosworth
1966 Les Leston F3 United Kingdom Harry Stiller Brabham-Ford-Cosworth
1967 Les Leston F3 United Kingdom Harry Stiller Brabham-Ford-Cosworth
1968 Lombank F3 Australia Tim Schenken Chevron-Ford-Lucas
1969 Lombank F3 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford-Holbay
1970 Lombank F3 Australia Dave Walker Lotus-Ford-Holbay
Shellsport F3 United Kingdom Tony Trimmer Brabham-Ford-Holbay
Forward Trust F3 Brazil Carlos Pace Lotus-Ford-Holbay
1971 Lombard North F3 United Kingdom Roger Williamson March-Ford-Holbay
Shellsport National F3 Australia Dave Walker Lotus-Ford-Vegantune
Forward Trust BARC F3 Australia Dave Walker Lotus-Ford-Vegantune
1972 Forward Trust BARC F3 United Kingdom Roger Williamson GRD-Ford-Holbay
Lombard North F3 Liechtenstein Rikky von Opel Ensign-Ford-Vegantune
Shellsport National F3 United Kingdom Roger Williamson GRD-Ford-Holbay
1973 Forward Trust BARC F3 United Kingdom Ian Taylor March-Ford-Holbay
Lombard North F3 United Kingdom Tony Brise March-Ford-Holbay
John Player European F3 United Kingdom Tony Brise March-Ford-Holbay
1974 Forward Trust BARC F3 United Kingdom Brian Henton March-Ford-Holbay
Lombard North F3 United Kingdom Brian Henton March-Ford-Holbay
1975 BP Super Visco F3 Sweden Gunnar Nilsson March-Toyota
1976 Shellsport F3 Italy Bruno Giacomelli March-Toyota
BP Super Visco F3 United Kingdom Rupert Keegan March-Toyota
1977 Vandervell F3 United Kingdom Stephen South March-Toyota
BP F3 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly Republic of Ireland Derek McMahon Racing Chevron-Toyota
1978 Vandervell F3 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Ralt-Toyota
BP F3 Brazil Nelson Piquet Ralt-Toyota
1979 Vandervell British F3 Brazil Chico Serra United Kingdom Project Four Racing Ralt-Toyota
1980 Vandervell British F3 Sweden Stefan Johansson United Kingdom Project Four Racing March-Toyota
1981 Marlboro British F3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Toyota
1982 Marlboro British F3 Republic of Ireland Tommy Byrne United Kingdom Murray Taylor Racing Ralt-Toyota
1983 Marlboro British F3 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Toyota
1984 Marlboro British F3 United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries United Kingdom David Price Racing Ralt-Volkswagen United Kingdom Keith Fine
1985 Marlboro British F3 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Volkswagen Jamaica Carlton Tingling
1986 Lucas British F3 United Kingdom Andy Wallace United Kingdom Madgwick Motorsport Reynard-Volkswagen United Kingdom Steve Kempton
1987 Lucas British F3 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert Republic of Ireland Eddie Jordan Racing Reynard-Volkswagen United Kingdom Gary Dunn
1988 Lucas British F3 Finland J.J. Lehto United Kingdom Pacific Racing Reynard-Toyota United Kingdom Alistair Lyall
1989 Lucas British F3 Australia David Brabham United Kingdom Bowman Racing Ralt-Volkswagen Mexico Fernando Plata
1990 British F3 Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Charles Rickett
1991 British F3 Brazil Rubens Barrichello United Kingdom West Surrey Racing Ralt-Mugen-Honda Finland Pekka Herva
1992 British F3 Brazil Gil de Ferran United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Reynard-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Paul Evans
1993 British F3 United Kingdom Kelvin Burt United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Reynard-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Jamie Spence
1994 British F3 Denmark Jan Magnussen United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Duncan Vercoe
1995 British F3 United Kingdom Oliver Gavin United Kingdom Edenbridge Racing Dallara-Vauxhall United Kingdom Martin Byford
1996 British F3 Republic of Ireland Ralph Firman United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda New Zealand Simon Wills
1997 Autosport British F3 United Kingdom Jonny Kane United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Martin O'Connell
1998 Autosport British F3 Brazil Mario Haberfeld United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda Australia Phillip Scifleet
1999 Autosport British F3 United Kingdom Marc Hynes United Kingdom Manor Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Martin O'Connell
2000 Green Flag British F3 Brazil Antônio Pizzonia United Kingdom Manor Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Gary Paffett
2001 Green Flag British F3 Japan Takuma Sato United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Robbie Kerr
2002 Green Flag British F3 United Kingdom Robbie Kerr United Kingdom Alan Docking Racing Dallara-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Adam Carroll
2003 British F3 International South Africa Alan van der Merwe United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda Venezuela Ernesto Viso
2004 British F3 International Brazil Nelson Ângelo Piquet Brazil Piquet Sports Dallara-Mugen-Honda United Kingdom Ryan Lewis
2005 British F3 International Portugal Álvaro Parente United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Mugen-Honda Mexico Salvador Durán
2006 Lloyds TSB Insurance British F3 International United Kingdom Mike Conway United Kingdom Räikkönen Robertson Racing Dallara-AMG-Mercedes Venezuela Rodolfo Gonzalez
2007 Lloyds TSB Insurance British F3 International Estonia Marko Asmer United Kingdom Hitech Racing Dallara-AMG-Mercedes Mexico Sergio Pérez
2008 British F3 International Spain Jaime Alguersuari United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-AMG-Mercedes United Kingdom Jay Bridger
2009 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series Australia Daniel Ricciardo United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Volkswagen United Kingdom Daniel McKenzie
2010 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series France Jean-Éric Vergne United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara-Volkswagen United Kingdom Menasheh Idafar
2011 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series Brazil Felipe Nasr United Kingdom Carlin Dallara-Volkswagen Japan Kotaro Sakurai
2012 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series United Kingdom Jack Harvey United Kingdom Carlin Dallara-Volkswagen Australia Spike Goddard
2013 Cooper Tires British F3 International Series United Kingdom Jordan King United Kingdom Carlin Dallara-Volkswagen China Sun Zheng

Multiple Champions[edit]

Drivers
Driver Championships
United Kingdom Don Parker 3 - 1952, 1953, 1959
United Kingdom Jim Russell 3 - 1955 (BRSCC National), 1956, 1957
United Kingdom Trevor Taylor 3 - 1958, 1960 (Motor Racing Formula Junior), 1961 (Motor Racing Formula Junior)
Australia Dave Walker 3 - 1970 (Lombank), 1971 (Shellsport National), 1971 (Forward Trust BARC)
United Kingdom Roger Williamson 3 - 1971 (Lombard North), 1972 (Forward Trust BARC), 1972 (Shellsport National)
United Kingdom Jack Pitcher 2 - 1960 (BRSCC), 1960 (BRSCC Formula Junior)
United Kingdom Jim Clark 2 - 1960 (John Davy Formula Junior), 1960 (Motor Racing Formula Junior)
United Kingdom Mike Ledbrook 2 - 1961 (BRSCC), 1961 (BRSCC Formula Junior)
United Kingdom Peter Arundell 2 - 1963 (Express & Star Formula Junior), 1963 (BARC Formula Junior)
United Kingdom Harry Stiller 2 - 1966, 1967
United Kingdom Tony Brise 2 - 1973 (Lombard North), 1973 (John Player European)
United Kingdom Brian Henton 2 - 1974 (Forward Trust BARC), 1974 (Lombard North)
Teams
Team Championships
United Kingdom Carlin 9 - 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing 6 - 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998
United Kingdom West Surrey Racing 5 - 1982, 1983, 1985, 1990, 1991

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

a. ^ Includes the Championship class (A) and the National class (B).
b. ^ Teams that are represented in both classes have been counted as single entities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2010 Drivers From fota.co.uk. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
  2. ^ 2008 Teams From fota.co.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  3. ^ a b British F3 Champions From motorsportsetc.com. Retrieved on 4 September 2007.
  4. ^ Formula 3 Story From clarinet.fi. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  5. ^ British F3 Champions From clarinet.fi. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  6. ^ 2007 British F3 Series Sporting Regulations: Article 4.2 pp.14
  7. ^ a b 2007 Entry List From speedsportmag.com. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  8. ^ 2007 British F3 Series Sporting Regulations: Article 4.5 pp.15

External links[edit]