British Hard Court Championships

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British Hard Court Championships
Defunct tennis tournament
Event name British Hard Court Championships (1968–70, 1978, 1980–83)
Rothmans British Hard Court Championships (1971–74)
Coca-Cola British Hard Court Championships (1975–76)
Rover British Clay Court Championships (1995–96)
Tour Grand Prix circuit (1968-69, 1971–76, 1978, 1980–83)
WTA Tour (1968, 1971–76, 1995–96)
Founded 1924
Abolished 1996
Surface Clay

The British Hard Court Championships is a defunct Grand Prix tennis and WTA Tour affiliated tennis tournament played from 1968 to 1983 and 1995 to 1996. The inaugural edition of the tournament was held in 1924 in Torquay, moving to the West Hants Tennis Club in Bournemouth, England in 1927 and was held there until 1983. In 1995 the event was revived at Bournemouth as a women's WTA tournament but was only played there that year.[1] The final edition in 1996 was held in Cardiff, Wales. The tournament was played on outdoor clay courts.[2] Bournemouth was one of the world's major tournaments, second only to Wimbledon in England and on the same level as Monte Carlo, Rome and Hamburg.[2] In the pre-war era, it was regarded as the most important event outside the four Grand Slams. Fred Perry is the record holder with five consecutive titles, from 1932 through 1936.[1]

Start of Open Era[edit]

The Championships hold the distinction of being the first tennis tournament to be held in the Open Era, taking place in April 1968. It started on 22 April at 1:43 p.m. when John Clifton served and won the first point of the open era.[3][4] Ken Rosewall won the men's singles title, taking home $2,400, while runner-up Rod Laver received $1,200. Virginia Wade won the women's singles title, defeating Winnie Shaw in the final, but did not take home the winner's prize of $720 as she was still an amateur at the time of the tournament. She subsequently became the first amateur to win a title in the Open Era.[5][6] Christine Janes and her sister Nell Truman became the first winners of an open tennis event by winning the women's doubles title.[2] The tournament was considered a success and attracted almost 30,000 visitors.[4][7] The young British player Mark Cox went down in tennis history, when at the championships, he became the first amateur player to beat a professional, when he beat the American Pancho Gonzales in five sets in two and a quarter hours.[3][6][8]

Results[edit]

Men's singles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1924 Australia Randolph Lycett Netherlands Christiaan van Lennep 6–1, 3–6, 6–4, 6–3
1925 South Africa Patrick Spence United Kingdom Charles Kingsley 6–1, 6–4, 9–7
1926 France Jacques Brugnon United Kingdom Bunny Austin 7–5, 4–6, 3–6, 8–6, 6–3
1927 France René Lacoste South Africa Patrick Spence 6–1, 6–2, 6–2
1928 France René Lacoste South Africa Patrick Spence 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
1929 [9] United Kingdom Bunny Austin South Africa Louis Raymond 6–3, 6–2, 1–6, 6–4
1930 United Kingdom Harry Lee United Kingdom Eric Peters 6–3, 2–6, 6–4, 6–4
1931 France Christian Boussus United Kingdom Pat Hughes 8–6, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
1932 United Kingdom Fred Perry Republic of Ireland George Lyttleton Rogers 4–6, 7–9, 6–3, 6–0, 6–2
1933 United Kingdom Fred Perry United Kingdom Bunny Austin 2–6, 7–5, 7–5, 6–2
1934 United Kingdom Fred Perry Australia Jack Crawford 8–6, 7–5, 6–1
1935 United Kingdom Fred Perry United Kingdom Bunny Austin 0–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–2, 6–0
1936 United Kingdom Fred Perry United Kingdom Bunny Austin 6–2, 8–6, 6–3
1937 United Kingdom Bunny Austin United Kingdom Harry Lee 6–2, 6–2, 6–0
1938 Taiwan Kho Sin-Kie United Kingdom Bunny Austin 6–4, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1939 Taiwan Kho Sin-Kie Taiwan Wai-Chuen Choy 7–5, 6–1, 6–4
1940–1945 Not Held (WW2)
1946 Australia Jack E. Harper United Kingdom Derrick W. Barton 7–5, 6–2, 6–1
1947 South Africa Eric Sturgess Poland Ignacy Tloczynski 11–9, 6–1, 6–4
1948 South Africa Eric Sturgess Poland Ignacy Tloczynski 6–2, 6–3, 6–1
1949 Spain Pedro Masip France Henri Cochet 6–3, 4–6, 6–2, 9–7
1950 Egypt Jaroslav Drobný Australia Geoff Brown 7–5, 6–0, 6–4
1951 Egypt Jaroslav Drobný Philippines Felicisimo Ampon 6–4, 6–2, 6–0
1952 Egypt Jaroslav Drobný Australia Frank Sedgman 6–2, 6–4, 1–6, 6–4
1953 Argentina Enrique Morea Philippines Felicisimo Ampon 6–3, 6–2, 6–1
1954 United Kingdom Tony Mottram United Kingdom Geoffrey Paish 6–4, 6–3, 7–5
1955 Sweden Sven Davidson United Kingdom Roger Becker 11–9, 6–3, 6–1
1956 United States Budge Patty United States Ham Richardson 1–6, 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
1957 United Kingdom Jaroslav Drobný Australia Lew Hoad 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1958 United Kingdom William Knight Italy Giuseppe Merlo 5–7, 6–0, 6–2, 6–3
1959 New Zealand Lew Gerrard United Kingdom William Knight 3–6, 2–6, 6–2, 7–5, 9–7
1960 United Kingdom Mike Davies United Kingdom William Knight 6–2, 4–6, 6–2, 6–1
1961 Australia Roy Emerson Australia Rod Laver 8–6, 6–4, 6–0
1962 Australia Rod Laver New Zealand Ian Crookenden 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
1963 United Kingdom William Knight Australia Martin Mulligan 5–7, 6–3, 6–1, 6–3
1964 United Kingdom William Knight South Africa Cliff Drysdale 6–3, 1–6, 6–1, 5–7, 7–5
1965 Sweden Jan-Erik Lundquist South Africa Cliff Drysdale 3–6, 6–4, 8–6, 6–1
1966 Australia Ken Fletcher Netherlands Tom Okker 7–5, 6–4
1967 Sweden Jan-Erik Lundquist Australia Bob Hewitt 6–1, 6–8, 6–3, 6–2
1968 Australia Ken Rosewall Australia Rod Laver 3–6, 6–2, 6–0, 6–3
1969 Australia John Newcombe South Africa Bob Hewitt 6–8, 6–3, 5–7, 6–4, 6–4
1970 United Kingdom Mark Cox South Africa Bob Hewitt 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1971 United Kingdom Gerald Battrick Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović 6–3, 6–2, 5–7, 6–0
1972 South Africa Bob Hewitt France Pierre Barthes 6–2, 6–4, 6–3
1973 Italy Adriano Panatta Romania Ilie Năstase 6–8, 7–5, 6–3
1974 Romania Ilie Năstase Italy Paolo Bertolucci 6–1, 6–3, 6–0
1975 Spain Manuel Orantes France Patrick Proisy 6–3, 4–6, 6–2, 7–5
1976 Poland Wojciech Fibak Spain Manuel Orantes 6–2, 7–9, 6–2, 6–2
1977 Not Held
1978 Spain José Higueras Italy Paolo Bertolucci 6–2, 6–1, 6–3
1979 Not Held
1980 Spain Ángel Giménez Israel Shlomo Glickstein 3–6, 6–3, 6–3
1981 Paraguay Víctor Pecci Hungary Balázs Taróczy 6–3, 6–4
1982 Spain Manuel Orantes Spain Ángel Giménez 6–2, 6–0
1983 Spain José Higueras Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd 2–6, 7–6, 7–5

Men's doubles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1968 Australia Roy Emerson
Australia Rod Laver
Spain Andrés Gimeno
United States Pancho Gonzales
8–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1969 South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
France Jean-Claude Barclay
United Kingdom Bobby Wilson
6–4, 6–2, 2–6, 9–7
1970 Netherlands Tom Okker
Australia Tony Roche
Australia William Bowrey
Australia Owen Davidson
2–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1971 Australia William Bowrey
Australia Owen Davidson
Chile Patricio Cornejo
Chile Jaime Fillol
8–6, 6–2, 3–6, 4–6, 6–3
1972 South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
Romania Ilie Năstase
Romania Ion Ţiriac
7–5, 6–2
1973 Spain Juan Gisbert, Sr.
Romania Ilie Năstase
Italy Adriano Panatta
Romania Ion Ţiriac
6–4, 8–6
1974 Spain Juan Gisbert, Sr.
Romania Ilie Năstase
Italy Corrado Barazzutti
Italy Paolo Bertolucci
6–4, 6–2, 6–0
1975 Spain Juan Gisbert, Sr.
Spain Manuel Orantes
Australia Syd Ball
Australia Dick Crealy
8–6, 6–3
1976 Poland Wojciech Fibak
United States Fred McNair
Spain Juan Gisbert, Sr.
Spain Manuel Orantes
4–6, 7–5, 7–5
1977 Not Held
1978 Netherlands Louk Sanders
Netherlands Rolf Thung
Australia David Carter
Australia Rod Frawley
6–3, 6–4
1979 Not Held
1980 South Africa Eddie Edwards
South Africa Lennert Edwards
United Kingdom Andrew Jarrett
United Kingdom Jonathan Smith
6–3, 6–7, 8–6
1981 Argentina Ricardo Cano
Paraguay Víctor Pecci
United Kingdom Buster Mottram
Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd
6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1982 Australia Paul McNamee
United Kingdom Buster Mottram
France Henri Leconte
Romania Ilie Năstase
3–6, 7–6, 6–3
1983 Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd
United States Sherwood Stewart
Switzerland Heinz Günthardt
Hungary Balázs Taróczy
7–6, 7–5

Women's singles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1924 United States Elizabeth Ryan United Kingdom Geraldine Beamish 6–2, 6–2
1925 United States Elizabeth Ryan United Kingdom Joan Fry 6–2, 6–2
1926 United Kingdom Joan Fry United Kingdom Phoebe Holcroft Watson 6–1, 7–9, 6–1
1927 United Kingdom Betty Nuthall United Kingdom E.R. Clarke 8–6, 6–2
1928 United Kingdom Elsie Goldsack United Kingdom Joan Ridley 8–6, 6–4
1929 [9] South Africa Bobby Heine United Kingdom Joan Ridley 6–4, 3–6, 8–6
1930 United Kingdom Joan Fry United Kingdom Madge List 6–1, 2–6, 6–2
1931 France Simone Mathieu United Kingdom Mary Heeley 6–4, 6–4
1932 France Simone Mathieu United Kingdom Dorothy Round 6–1, 6–2
1933 United Kingdom Dorothy Round United States Helen Jacobs 3–6, 6–2, 6–3
1934 United Kingdom Dorothy Round United Kingdom Peggy Scriven 6–2, 2–6, 8–6
1935 United Kingdom Kay Stammers United Kingdom Peggy Scriven 6–2, 6–2
1936 United Kingdom Kay Stammers Chile Anita Lizana 7–5, 7–5
1937 Chile Anita Lizana United Kingdom Peggy Scriven 7–5, 6–3
1938 United Kingdom Peggy Scriven Australia Nancye Wynne 7–5, 6–2
1939 United Kingdom Kay Stammers Chile Anita Ellis 6–3, 6–3
1940–1945 Not held
1946 United Kingdom Jean Bostock United Kingdom Kay Menzies 6–3, 6–4
1947 Australia Nancye Bolton United Kingdom Joan Curry 7–5, 6–3
1948 United Kingdom Betty Hilton United Kingdom Pamela Bocquet 6–1, 6–4
1949 United Kingdom Joan Curry United Kingdom Jean Quertier 3–6, 7–5, 7–5
1950 United Kingdom Joan Curry Argentina María Teran Weiss 8–6, 8–6
1951 United States Doris Hart United Kingdom Jean Walker-Smith 6–4, 8–6
1952 United States Doris Hart United States Shirley Fry 6–4, 6–3
1953 United States Doris Hart United States Shirley Fry 6–3, 4–6, 6–4
1954 United States Doris Hart United Kingdom Angela Mortimer 6–1, 6–3
1955 United Kingdom Angela Mortimer United Kingdom Angela Buxton 6–1, 6–1
1956 United Kingdom Angela Mortimer United Kingdom Shirley Bloomer 7–5, 5–7, 6–1
1957 United Kingdom Shirley Bloomer United Kingdom Patricia Ward 3–6, 6–2, 6–3
1958 United Kingdom Shirley Bloomer United Kingdom Ann Haydon 6–4, 6–4
1959 United Kingdom Angela Mortimer United Kingdom Christine Truman 6–4, 2–6, 6–4
1960 United Kingdom Christine Truman United Kingdom Ann Haydon 6–2, 6–2
1961 United Kingdom Angela Mortimer United Kingdom Deidre Catt 6–2, 6–3
1962 South Africa Renée Schuurman United Kingdom Angela Mortimer 5–7, 6–2, 6–4
1963 United Kingdom Ann Haydon-Jones Argentina Norma Baylon 6–0, 1–6, 9–7
1964 United Kingdom Ann Haydon-Jones Australia Jan Lehane 6–2, 12–10
1965 United Kingdom Ann Haydon-Jones South Africa Annette Van Zyl 7–5, 6–1
1966 United Kingdom Ann Haydon-Jones United Kingdom Virginia Wade 6–3, 6–1
1967 United Kingdom Virginia Wade United Kingdom Ann Haydon-Jones 6–1, 10–8
1968 United Kingdom Virginia Wade United Kingdom Winnie Shaw 6–4, 6–1
1969 Australia Margaret Court United Kingdom Winnie Shaw 5–7, 6–4, 6–4
1970 Not Held
1971 Australia Margaret Court Australia Evonne Goolagong 7–5, 6–1
1972 Australia Evonne Goolagong West Germany Helga Niessen Masthoff 6–0, 6–4
1973 United Kingdom Virginia Wade Australia Evonne Goolagong 6–4, 6–4
1974 United Kingdom Virginia Wade United States Julie Heldman 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
1975 United States Janet Newberry United States Terry Holladay 7–9, 7–5, 6–3
1976 West Germany Helga Masthoff United Kingdom Sue Barker 5–7, 6–3, 6–3
1977–1994 Not Held
1995 Czech Republic Ludmila Richterová Canada Patricia Hy-Boulais 6–7, 6–4, 6–3
1996 Belgium Dominique Van Roost Belgium Laurence Courtois 6–4, 6–2

Women's doubles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1968 United Kingdom Christine Truman Janes
United Kingdom Nell Truman
Australia Fay Toyne
South Africa Anette du Plooy
6–4, 6–3
1969 Not Available
1970 Not Held
1971 United States Mary-Ann Eisel
France Françoise Dürr
Australia Margaret Court
Australia Evonne Goolagong
6–3, 5–7, 6–4
1972 Australia Evonne Goolagong
Australia Helen Gourlay
South Africa Brenda Kirk
Netherlands Betty Stöve
7–5, 6–1
1973 Australia Patricia Coleman
Australia Wendy Turnbull
Australia Evonne Goolagong
Australia Janet Young
7–5, 7–5
1974 United States Julie Heldman
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
United States Patti Hogan
United States Sharon Walsh
6–2, 6–2
1975 United Kingdom Lesley Charles
United Kingdom Sue Mappin
South Africa Delina Ann Boshoff
South Africa Greer Stevens
6–3, 6–3
1976 South Africa Delina Ann Boshoff
South Africa Ilana Kloss
United Kingdom Lesley Charles
United Kingdom Sue Mappin
6–3, 6–2
1977–1994 Not Held
1995 South Africa Mariaan de Swardt
Romania Ruxandra Dragomir
Australia Kerry-Ann Guse
Canada Patricia Hy-Boulais
6–3, 7–5
1996 United States Katrina Adams
South Africa Mariaan de Swardt
Belgium Els Callens
Belgium Laurence Courtois
6–0, 6–4

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Britain Starts Building on Clay". The Independent. 19 May 1995. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Max Robertson, ed. (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. London: Allen & Unwin. pp. 210, 211. ISBN 0047960426. 
  3. ^ a b "The First Open Makes Its Mark". Sports Illustrated. May 6, 1968. 
  4. ^ a b Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book (2nd ed. ed.). New York: New Chapter Press. pp. 144, 145. ISBN 9780942257700. 
  5. ^ "Amateurs Shy Of First Net Open". The Montreal Gazette. Apr 22, 1968. 
  6. ^ a b "Set Each in Tennis". The Sydney Morning Herald. Apr 28, 1968. 
  7. ^ "British Say Open Tennis is 'Bonanza'". Rome News-Tribune. Apr 28, 1968. 
  8. ^ "ATP – Player Profile Mar Cox". ATP. 
  9. ^ a b "ENGLISH TENNIS.". The Argus (Melbourne: National Library of Australia). 15 June 1929. p. 10. 

External links[edit]