British Hit Singles & Albums
British Hit Singles & Albums (originally known as The Guinness Book of British Hit Singles and The Guinness Book of British Hit Albums) was a music reference book originally published in the United Kingdom by the publishing arm of the Guinness breweries, Guinness Superlatives. Later editions were published by Guinness World Records and HiT Entertainment. It listed all the singles and albums featured in the Top 75 pop charts in UK. In 2004 the book became an amalgamation of two earlier Guinness publications, originally known as British Hit Singles and British Hit Albums and publication of this amalgamation ceased in 2008. A new version of the book published by Virgin, was entitled The Virgin Book of British Hit Singles, first published in November 2008.
The first ten editions were compiled by Paul Gambaccini, Mike Read and brothers Tim Rice and Jonathan "Jo" Rice. Read left the team in the mid-1980s and the other editors resigned in 1996. Chart editor for many editions was David Roberts.
British Hit Singles & Albums was generally considered to be the authoritative reference (and only) source for both the UK Singles Chart (since its inception in 1952) and the UK Albums Chart. It listed all the singles and albums ever to have been in the UK charts since 1952 (albums: 1958), listing them in alphabetical order and by both artist and song title. The entries also included the date of chart entry, highest position, catalogue number and number of weeks in the chart. Short biographical notes accompanied many of the artists' chart details.
The book's sources are the New Musical Express (NME) chart from November 1952 to March 1960, and the Record Retailer (later Music Week) chart thereafter. It could be said that this division is misleading, since the Record Retailer chart was little known until it was adopted by the BBC in 1969 and that by adopting this chart as its standard, the editors had a non-consensual view. An example often given is the case of The Beatles' second single "Please Please Me" which was recognised as a number one hit by every other publicly available chart of the time, but not by Record Retailer and therefore not by British Hit Singles. Other records to which this applies include "19th Nervous Breakdown" by The Rolling Stones, "Stranger on the Shore" by Acker Bilk and the Eurovision Song Contest entry "Are You Sure" by The Allisons.
Co-founder Jo Rice has defended the book's choice of source material on the grounds that Record Retailer was the only chart to consistently publish a Top 50 from 1960 onwards. This can be substantiated by the fact that charts published in the NME were of a shorter format and other chart listings such as those in Melody Maker, became less and less informative although they were probably more accurate. Subsequent research has shown that during the "disputed" period of the 1960s, the samples sizes of the Record Retailer chart were considerably inferior to those of the other charts: around 30 shops in 1963 in comparison to more than 100 used by Melody Maker, and later around 80 in comparison to NME's 150 and Melody Maker's 200. As a result the placings in that chart were more open to error and manipulation – a situation further worsened by the larger number of records listed in the chart.
1977–1996 original editors
The first edition was published as The Guinness Book of British Hit Singles in July 1977. The founding editors were Paul Gambaccini, Tim Rice, Jonathan Rice, and Mike Read. It wasn't the first Guinness music reference publication, as the previous year a book called The Guinness Book of Music Facts & Feats had been published (by other authors). It also contained feats from the world of classical music.
The first edition was issued to coincide with the 25th anniversary of the first UK singles sales chart, which was published in November 1952 by the New Musical Express. Subsequently a new edition was published every two years, adding a few hundred titles to each edition.
Keeping in line with the book's parent publication The Guinness Book of Records, each edition of British Hit Singles also contained a 'facts and feats' section, which included various lists of remarkable chart feats such as 'Most hits', 'Most no. 1 hits', 'Most weeks on chart' or 'Least successful chart artist'. Also included in the books were photographs (often with witty captions) and introductions written by the four authors. They also wrote a bi-annual lookback on the major developments in the UK charts in the two preceding years.
The series was soon regarded as the number one source for music and chart reference, thanks to the commercial success of the books and its various sister publications (see below).
The series' 10th edition, published in June 1995, was the last to feature its original authors Rice, Rice and Gambaccini. From the 11th edition onwards, the book was compiled by in-house editors at Guinness Publishing and, later, by David Roberts who had already been a chart editor and designer for the original team.
From the 12th edition onwards (published in 1999), the book was published every year rather than bi-annually. In 2004, the book merged with The Guinness Book of British Hit Albums to form The Guinness Book of British Hit Singles & Albums. The eighteenth edition of the book (2005) was billed as a "Special Collector's Edition" as it featured detailed information on the 1,000 Number Ones in the UK Singles Chart from Al Martino's "Here in My Heart" on 14 November 1952 to Elvis Presley's "One Night / I Got Stung" (Limited Edition Collector's re-issue), 22 January 2005. The 19th edition (2006) was the last in the series. A supposed 20th edition was due to be published in 2007, but apparently the original publishers lost interest with chart reference books after their contract with The Official Charts Company expired, which saw that organisation sell the contract to Virgin.
Features in each edition
|Edition||Publication date||Publisher and ISBN||Extra features||Editor|
|1||1977||Guinness Superlatives - 0-900424-83-4||Short history of the UK charts||Unknown|
|2||1979||Guinness Superlatives - 0-900424-99-0||Unknown||Unknown|
|3||1981||Guinness Superlatives - 0-85112-224-8||Unknown||Unknown|
|4||1983||Guinness Superlatives - 0-85112-259-0||Cover painting (by Robert Heesom) featuring 50 song titles. Chart analysis of 1981 and 1982.||Alex E. Reid|
|5||1985||Guinness Superlatives - 0-85112-429-1||New lay out and typeset. Launch of the GRRR Golden Hitline (telephone line featuring music). Dedicated to Bob Geldof, Midge Ure and all artists featured in Band Aid. Chart analysis of 1983 and 1984.||Alex E. Reid|
|6||1987||Guinness Superlatives - 0-85112-823-8||First edition without Mike Read. First edition to sport the new British Hit Singles logo (and also used in all subsequent editions). Chart analysis of 1985 and 1986.||Honor Head (Editorial Associates: Nick Todd and Alan Golub)|
|7||1989||Guinness Superlatives - 0-85112-339-2||Chart analysis of 1987 and 1988.||Honor Head (Editorial Associate: Tony Brown)|
|8||1991||Guinness Publishing - 0-85112-941-2||Chart analysis of 1989 and 1990.||David Roberts (Editorial Associate: Tony Brown)|
|9||1993||GRR Publications - 0-85112-526-3||Tagline "Now a million seller" added. For the first time, all hits by the same artist were combined (previously, solo hits and collaborations such as duets were listed separately). Chart analysis of 1991 and 1992.||David Roberts (Editorial Associate: Tony Brown)|
|10||1995||GRR Publications - 0-85112-633-2||New typeset. Chart analysis of 1993 and 1994.||David Roberts (Editorial Associate: Tony Brown)|
|11||1997||Guinness Publishing - 0-85112-027-X||First edition not made by the Gambaccini/Rice/Rice team. From now on, book was compiled and edited by in-house staff at Guinness, with Helen Weller listed as editor. Introduction written by Mark Lamarr.||Helen Weller|
|12||1999||Guinness Publishing - 0-85112-092-X||From now on, book was published annually. New typeset and lay out. More news and reviews stories with introduction written by Dave McAleer. Revamped 'facts and feats' section with many new records.||Jane Bolton (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)|
|13||2000||Guinness Publishing - 0-85112-111-X||News and reviews from the year 1999.||David Roberts|
|14||2001||Guinness World Records - 0-85112-156-X||News and reviews from 2000. 'Facts and feats' section reduced to one page ("Top 10 Record-Breaking Facts"), but trivia added to list of every Number One since 1952.||David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)|
|15||2002||Guinness World Records - 0-85112-187-X||Special 'gold' edition celebrating 50 years of UK singles charts and 25 years of British Hit Singles. Review of 2001.||David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)|
|16||2003||Hit Entertainment/Guinness World Records - 0-85112-190-X||Pop review of the year 2002.||David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)|
|17||2004||Hit Entertainment/Guinness World Records - 0-85112-199-3||For the first time, singles and albums were combined in one volume. Singles were listed in black typeface, albums in red. Review of the year 2003.||David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)|
|18||2005||Hit Entertainment/Guinness World Records - 1-904994-00-8||Special edition celebrating 1,000 UK Number One hits (1952-2005). Review of the year 2004.||David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)|
|19||2006||Hit Entertainment/Guinness World Records - 1-904994-10-5||A "Number One Timeline" running throughout the book, listing every number one single and album since 1952. Final book in the series.||David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)|
Following the success of the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles series, the original authors and Guinness quickly turned to other charts-related books and projects. The following books were written by them:
- The Guinness Book of Hits of the 70s (1980)
- The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits (1982)
- The Guinness Book of British Hit Albums (first issued in 1983, second edition in 1986 with bi-annual updates until 1996)
- The Guinness Book of Hits of the 60s (1984)
- The Guinness Hits Challenge (a pop quiz book) (1984)
- The Guinness Hits Challenge 2 (1985)
- The Guinness Book of Number One Hits (2nd edition) (1988)
- UK Top 1000 Singles (1988)
- Hits of the 80s (1990)
- The Guinness Hits Quiz (1990)
- Guinness Top 40 Charts (1992)
- The Guinness Hits Quiz 2 (1992)
- UK Top 1000 Singles 2 (1993)
- The Guinness Book of Number One Hits (3rd edition) (1994)
- Guinness Top 40 Charts 2 (1996)
In the late 1990s and 2000s several other merchandise was produced, such as karaoke CDs, a calendar, a DVD quiz (British Hit Albums and Singles No. 1 Music Quiz) and a series of themed compilation CDs with original hits from the book.
References and further reading
- Roberts, David. Guinness Book of British Hit Singles & Albums. Guinness World Records Ltd. 18th edition (May 2005). ISBN 1-904994-00-8
- Roberts, David. Guinness Book of British Hit Singles & Albums. Guinness World Records Ltd. 19th edition (June 2006). ISBN 1-904994-10-5
- Roach, Martin. The Virgin Book of British Hit Singles. Virgin Books (Nov. 2008). ISBN 0-7535-1537-7
- McAleer, Dave. The Virgin Book of British Hit Singles - Volume 2. Virgin Books (Nov. 2010). ISBN 978-0-7535-2245-5