British Phonographic Industry
|British Phonographic Industry|
|Legal status||Non-profit company|
|Purpose/focus||Music industry in the United Kingdom|
|Location||Riverside Building, County Hall, Lambeth, SE1 7JA|
|Region served||United Kingdom|
|Membership||British music companies|
|Chief Executive||Geoff Taylor|
|Main organ||BPI Council (Chairman - Tony Wadsworth)|
The British Phonographic Industry (BPI) is the British record industry's trade association.
Its membership comprises hundreds of music companies including all three "major" record companies (Warner Music Group, Sony Music Entertainment, and Universal Music Group), associate members such as manufacturers and distributors, and hundreds of independent music companies representing thousands of labels.
It has represented the interests of British record companies since being formally incorporated in 1973 when the principal aim was to fight copyright infringement.
It founded the annual BRIT Awards for the British music industry, as well as the Mercury Prize for the Album of the Year. In September 2008, BPI became one of the founding members of UK Music, an umbrella organisation representing the interests of all parts of the industry.
The BRIT Trust
The charitable arm of the BPI (British Phonographic Industry), the trust was conceived in 1989 by a collection of leading music industry individuals with a mission to give young people a chance to express their musical creativity regardless of race, class, sex or ability. The BRIT Trust is the only music charity actively supporting all types of education across the entire spectrum of music. Through the projects it supports, which include Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy and The BRIT School, the Trust offers young people the opportunity to enhance their lives through music.
The BRIT School
Opened in September 1991, The BRIT School is a joint venture between and The BRIT Trust and the Department for Education and Skills (DfES). Based at Selhurst in Croydon, the school is the only non fee-paying performing arts school in the UK. It teaches 750 students each year from 14–19 years in music, dance, drama, musical theatre, production, media and art & design. Students are from completely diverse backgrounds and are not required to stick to their own discipline; dancers learn songwriting, pianists can learn photography. Nor do students have to work/perform in the evening to pay for the tuition; all they have to do is show their determination to succeed in the competitive creative industries.
The British Phonographic Industry awards certificates for music releases in Britain. The level of the award varies depending on the format of the release and the amount sold. BPI certificates are not automatic; the record company must pay a fee to the BPI and they carry out an audit into the release in question. Certificates are awarded on the basis of the amount of units the release has shipped to retailers, rather than the amount it has sold.
|Album||[nb 1]60,000||[nb 1]100,000||[nb 1]300,000|
|Single||[nb 2]200,000||[nb 2]400,000||[nb 2]600,000|
- Geoff Taylor – Chief Executive Officer
- Tony Wadsworth – BPI Chairman, EMI Recorded Music UK & Ireland
- Mike Batt – BPI Deputy Chairman, Dramatico Entertainment
- Kiaron Whitehead, General Counsel, BPI
- Scott Cohen – The Orchard (Co-opted)
- John Craig – First Night Records
- Nick Gatfield – EMI Records
- Ian Grenfell – SimplyRed.com (Co-opted)
- David Joseph – Universal Music UK
- Max Lousada – Atlantic Records UK
- Harry Maloney – The Independent Record Company
- Korda Marshall – Infectious Music
- Emma Pike – Sony Music UK
- John Reid – Warner Music International
- Michael Smith – Sony BMG Music Entertainment
- Adrian Sear – Demon Music Group/2entertain
- Peter Stack – Union Square Records
- ARIA, Australian Recording Industry Association, is the Australian industry association.
- FACT, the Federation Against Copyright Theft, is the UK anti-copyright infringement organisation for the motion picture industry.
- IFPI, the International Federation of Phonogram and Videogram Producers is the worldwide music industry group.
- RIAA, the Recording Industry Association of America, is the United States' music industry association.
- The number of sales required to qualify for Platinum, Gold and Silver discs was changed to the current thresholds of Platinum (300,000 units), Gold (100,000 units) and Silver (60,000 units) in 1979 for albums above a minimum RRP. Below the minimum RRP the threshold are doubled. Prior to this the thresholds were based on monetary revenue: Platinum (£1,000,000), Gold (£150,000 from April 1973 to September 1974, £250,000 from September 1974 to January 1977, and £300,000 from 1977 until 1979) and Silver (£75,000 from April 1973 to January 1975, £100,000 from January 1975 to January 1977, and £150,000 from 1977 until 1979).
- The number of sales required to qualify for Platinum, Gold and Silver discs was dropped for singles released after 1 January 1989 to the current thresholds of Silver (200,000 units), Gold (400,000 units), and Platinum (600,000 units). Prior to this the thresholds were Silver (250,000 units), Gold (500,000 units), and Platinum (1,000,000 units).
- "UK Music Launch". www.ukmusic.org. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2009.[dead link]
- "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry.
- "Certified Awards – A Timeline" (PDF). British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
- Gallup (4 February 1989). "The Top of the Pops Chart" (PDF). Record Mirror: 4. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- "Certified Awards". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- "International Certification Award levels" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. March 2010. p. 7. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- " Council members". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 25 June 2010.