British Rail Class 05

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British Rail Class 05
BR Class 05 DL26 2.jpg
This preserved locomotive at the Didcot Railway Centre is an industrial example, also Hunslet built, to a similar design to the British Rail Class 05
Type and origin
Power type Diesel-mechanical
Builder Hunslet Engine Co.
Build date 1955–1961
Configuration 0-6-0
UIC classification C
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Wheel diameter 3 ft 4 in (1.016 m)
Minimum curve 2 chains (40 m)
Wheelbase 9 ft 0 in (2.74 m)
Length 25 ft 4 in (7.72 m)
Width 8 ft 3 in (2.51 m)
Height 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
Locomotive weight 30.9 long tons (31.4 t; 34.6 short tons)
Fuel capacity 300 imp gal (1,400 l; 360 US gal)
Prime mover Gardner 8L3
Engine type Four-stroke diesel
Transmission Hunslet 4-speed gearbox, Hunslet patent friction clutch, Hunslet reversing gearbox and final drive.
Performance figures
Maximum speed 18 mph (29 km/h)
Power output Engine: 204 hp (152 kW)
Tractive effort Maximum: 14,500 lbf (64 kN)
Train heating None
14 long tons-force (139 kN)
Train brakes Vacuum
Operator(s) British Railways
Number in class 69
Number(s) 11136-11176; later D2550-D2618; later 05001
Axle load class RA 2
Retired 1966–1968 (except D2554)

The British Rail Class 05 is a class of 0-6-0 diesel-mechanical shunters built by Hunslet Engine Company from 1955 to 1961. They were used on the Eastern and Scottish Regions of British Railways. Initially they were numbered 11136-11176 and, later, D2550-D2619.

The British Rail Class D2/5 built by Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. were reported in several sources as having received the TOPS class number 05,[1][2][3] though this was in error, and they are not listed as such in the latest works by Marsden, 2011.[4][5]


Most were withdrawn early and replaced by classes 03 and 04 but there was one exception. This was D2554 which was transferred to the Isle of Wight in 1966 to aid the electrification of the Island Line. Shortly afterwards it was given the TOPS number 05001. This shunter was the only one to receive a TOPS number. The main reason for this was that all the others were replaced and that it was best suited for the island. It remained in service until about 1985 before being sold to the Isle of Wight Steam Railway, Havenstreet.

Didcot Railway Centre has an industrial example (numbered DL26 and built to a design based on the Class 05) preserved after being used by the National Coal Board in the northeast. DL26 has a larger engine (264hp, 60hp larger than the Class 05s) and a higher bonnet to accommodate it. It is currently painted in a British Railways black livery with an early crest on the cab sides, a livery it never carried in service; it was an industrial locomotive from built until preservation. It was the main shunter on the site until displaced by a Class 08, though it still sees maintenance and use in its shunting role. It cannot be used on passenger trains due to its lack of vacuum brakes. The Isle of Wight Steam Railway's own 05001/D2554 can be seen frequently but unfortunately it cannot run passenger trains, due to the Island's unique vintage air braked rolling stock.

Technical details[edit]

The engine is a Gardner 8-cylinder, 4 stroke 8L3 of 204 hp (152 kW) connected to a Hunslet 4-speed gearbox through a Hunslet patent friction clutch. Final drive is via a Hunslet reversing gearbox and jackshaft.


Four class 05 Diesel Shunters have been preserved:


Class 05 is being made as a kit and a ready-to-run model in OO gauge by Silver Fox Models,[6] and has been announced as a planned release in OO gauge by Heljan.


  1. ^ Strickland 1983, pp. 40, 41, 173.
  2. ^ Haresnape 1984, p. 50.
  3. ^ Marsden 1984, p. 99.
  4. ^ Marsden 2011a, pp. 54-55.
  5. ^ Marsden 2011b, pp. 90-92.
  6. ^ "Class 05 0-6-0 Hunslet Shunter". Retrieved 17 November 2012. 


  • Haresnape, Brian (October 1984). British Rail Fleet Survey 7: Diesel Shunters. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1449-3. GE/1084. 
  • Marsden, Colin J. (1981). Motive power recognition:1 Locomotives. Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd. ISBN 0-7110-1109-5. 
  • Marsden, Colin J. (November 1984). BR Locomotive Numbering. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1445-0. EX/1184. 
  • Strickland, D.C. (March 1983). D+EG Locomotive Directory. Camberley: Diesel & Electric Group. ISBN 0-906375-10-X. 
  • Marsden, Colin J. (October 2011a). Diesel and Electric Locomotive Recognition Guide. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-3637-6. 
  • Marsden, Colin J. (November 2011b). The Complete UK Modern Traction Locomotive Directory. ISBN 978-0-9557887-8-9. 

External links[edit]