British Rail Class 100

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British Rail Class 100
BR Class 100.jpg
Class 100, no. 56301 at County School Station on the Mid-Norfolk Railway on 17 December 2001. This unit was the first heritage DMU vehicle to enter preservation.
In service 1956–1988
Manufacturer Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company
Constructed 1956–1958
Number built 40 sets (80 cars)
Number preserved 4 cars
Formation 2 cars sets: DMBS-DTCL
Capacity DMBS: 52 second class seats,
DMCL: 12 first and 54 second class seats
Operator British Rail
Specifications
Car length 57 ft 6 in (17.53 m)
Width 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)
Height 12 ft 8 12 in (3.87 m)
Maximum speed 70 mph (113 km/h)
Weight DMBS: 30 long tons 5 cwt (67,700 lb or 30,700 kg),
DMCL: 24 tons 15 cwt (55,400 lb or 25,100 kg)
Prime mover(s) Two BUT 6-cylinder diesel engines
Power output 150 bhp (112 kW) each engine
Transmission Mechanical: 4-speed epicyclic gearbox
Braking system(s) Vacuum
Coupling system Screw-link couplings, British Standard gangways
Multiple working Blue Square
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The British Rail Class 100 diesel multiple units were built by Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company Limited from 1956 to 1958, designed and built in collaboration with the Transport Sales Dept. of T.I. (Group Services) Ltd.

Introduction[edit]

The class were designed to be lightweight to allow for good acceleration. None were selected for refurbishment and withdrawals started in 1969. The last passenger car was withdrawn from service in 1988.

Table of orders
Lot No. Car type Quantity Fleet numbers Notes
30278 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 20 50339–50358
30279 Driving Trailer Composite with Lavatory (DTCL) 20 56094–56113 originally Class 143.
30444 Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) 20 51108–51127
30445 Driving Trailer Composite with Lavatory (DTCL) 20 56300–56319 originally Class 143.

Under initial classification 1973, the DTCs became 143s, but were later reclassified as 100s.

56111 was used as a training aid by the Ministry of Defence until 1985. The Class gained a small amount of "fame" through the use of 51122 and 56300 as the "Stourton Saloon" - the Eastern Region General Managers saloon. These were scrapped in 1990. 51116 and 56101 were used as the Eastern Region inspection saloon, until being scrapped in 1993. 56106 survived the longest time on the national network, being scrapped in 2000.

Preservation[edit]

Trailer car 56301 was the first diesel multiple unit car to enter preservation in 1969, originally being used at the Chasewater Railway.

The Class has not fared well in preservation. 7 cars entered preservation of which only 4 now exist. 50341 and 56099 were preserved by the West Somerset Railway, but were scrapped & dismantled in 1991. The National Railway Museum had intended to preserve 53355, but a lack of space prevented this car, and the Class 105 coupled to it from being moved to York and they were vandalised beyond repair at Crewe.

Number Vehicle type Location
51118 DMBS Midland Railway - Butterley
56097 DTCL Midland Railway - Butterley
56301 DTCL Mid-Norfolk Railway, County School Station
56317 DTCL Whitwell & Reepham Railway

References[edit]

  • Golding, Brian. A Pictorial Record of British Railways Diesel Multiple Units. 
  • Haresnape, Brian. British Rail Fleet Survey 8: Diesel Multiple Units – The First Generation. 
  • Marsden, Colin J. Motive Power Recognition: 3 DMUs. 
  • Robertson, Kevin. British Railway Pictorial: First Generation DMUs. 

External links[edit]