British Rail Class 101
|British Rail Class 101|
London-based Class 101 no. 54405 (from set L220) in Network SouthEast livery
|Number built||Class 101: 527 (DMCL: 97, DMBS: 217, DTCL: 120, TSL: 41, TSLRB: 6, TCL: 18, TBSL: 28)
Class 102: 106 (DMCL: 53, TCL: 53)
|Number preserved||41 cars|
|Formation||2-, 3-, or 4-car sets|
|Car length||57 ft 0 in (17.37 m)|
|Width||9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)|
|Height||3.77 m (12 ft 4 in)|
|Maximum speed||70 mph (113 km/h)|
|Weight||32.5 tonnes (32.0 long tons; 35.8 short tons) (powered),
25 tonnes (25 long tons; 28 short tons) (unpowered)
|Prime mover(s)||Two BUT (AEC or Leyland) 6-cylinder diesels|
|Power output||150 bhp (112 kW) each engine|
|Transmission||Mechanical: 4-speed epicyclic gearbox|
|Coupling system||Screw-link couplings, British Standard gangways|
|Multiple working||■ Blue Square|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The British Rail Class 101 diesel multiple units were built by Metro-Cammell at Washwood Heath in Birmingham from 1956 to 1959, following construction of a series of prototype units. This class proved to be one of the most successful and longest-lived of BR's First Generation DMUs, second in age only to the Class 121, with the final five units being withdrawn on 24 December 2003. The oldest set was, by then, just over 47 years old.
Original TOPS classes
When TOPS was originally introduced only the Driving Motor Brake Second (DMBS) and the Driving Motor Composite (with Lavatory) (DMCL) were classified as Class 101 (AEC engines) or Class 102 (Leyland engines). The Driving Trailer Composite (with Lavatory) (DTCL) were either Class 144 or Class 147. The Trailer Seconds (with Lavatory) (TSL) were Class 162, the Trailer Brake Second (with Lavatory) (TBSL) were Class 168 and the Trailer Composite (with Lavatory) (TCL) were Class 171. Later all the cars were reclassified, becoming Class 101.
In The Railway Series books by the Rev. W. Awdry, the character Daisy the Diesel Rail-Car, a Class 101 herself, was introduced to assist on the Branch Line when Thomas was away for repairs after crashing into a stationmaster's house.
The Class 101 was one of the largest classes of first-generation DMUs and, partly thanks to their relatively late withdrawal from revenue-earning service, numerous vehicles have been preserved on heritage railways, for example the Great Central Railway and the North Yorkshire Moors Railway. There are only two centre cars preserved. One is at the Ecclesbourne Valley Railway and the other at the Mid-Norfolk Railway. One buffet car survived and is at the Great Central Railway.
|Set number||Vehicle numbers||Livery||Location||Notes|
|101685||50164||-||50160||BR Green||North Yorkshire Moors Railway||Fully operational|
|-||50203||-||50193||BR Blue and Grey||Great Central Railway||Stored|
|-||50204||59539||51511||BR Green||North Yorkshire Moors Railway||Operational|
|-||-||-||50170||BR Green||Ecclesbourne Valley Railway||Operational|
|-||50222||-||50338||BR Green||Barry Island Railway||Operational|
|-||50256||-||56343(DTCL)||BR Blue||East Kent Railway||Operational|
|-||-||-||50266||Primer||Great Central Railway||Operational|
|-||51427||-||50321||BR Green||Great Central Railway||Operational|
|-||-||-||50746||BR Blue||Wensleydale Railway||Stored|
|-||51187||-||51512||BR Green||Cambrian Heritage Railways||Under Repair|
|-||51188||-||-||BR Blue||Ecclesbourne Valley Railway||Operational|
|-||51189||-||51803||BR Green||Keighley and Worth Valley Railway||Under Restoration|
|-||51192||-||56352(DTCL)||BR Green||North Norfolk Railway||Operational|
|-||51205||-||56055(DTCL)||BR Green||Cambrian Heritage Railways||Under Repair|
|-||51210||-||51400(DMS)||BR Blue||Wensleydale Railway||Operational, 51400 is a Class 117 DMS|
|-||51213||-||-||BR Blue||East Anglian Railway Museum||Operational|
|-||51226||-||51499||BR Green||Mid Norfolk Railway||Operational|
|-||51228||-||56062(DTCL)||BR Green||North Norfolk Railway||Under Overhaul|
|-||51434(DMBC)||59117||51503||BR Blue and Grey||Mid Norfolk Railway||Under Overhaul/Operational|
|-||-||-||51505||BR Blue||Ecclesbourne Valley Railway||Operational|
|-||-||-||56342(DTCL)||BR Blue and Grey||Midland Railway||Stored|
|-||-||-||56347(DTCL)||BR Green||Bressingham Steam and Gardens||Operational|
|-||-||-||56356(DTCL)||Non Standard Green and Cream||Great Central Railway||For Sale|
|-||-||-||56358(DTCL)||BR Blue||Severn Valley Railway||Operational|
|-||-||-||56408(DTCL)||SR Malachite Green||Spa Valley Railway||Operational|
|-||-||59303(TSL)||-||BR Green||Ecclesbourne Valley Railway||Operational|
|-||50211||-||-||Regional Railways||Private Site||Stored Cab Only|
|-||-||-||50269||Private Site||Stored Cab Only|
|-||51177||-||-||BR Blue||Private Site, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire||Cab Only, used as a store room.|
- The Railcar Association
- Fox, Peter; Webster, Neil (July 1982). Multiple Unit Pocket Book. Sheffield: Platform 5 Publications. ISBN 0-906579-26-0.
- Golding, Brian. A Pictorial Record of British Railways Diesel Multiple Units.
- Haresnape, Brian. British Rail Fleet Survey 8: Diesel Multiple Units—The First Generation.
- Marsden, Colin J. Motive Power Recognition: 3 DMUs.
- Robertson, Kevin. British Railway Pictorial: First Generation DMUs.
Media related to British Rail Class 101 at Wikimedia Commons