British Rail Class 16
||This includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2014)|
|NBL Type 1
British Rail Class 16
No. D8403 in green livery with all-yellow front end at Stratford MPD in 1966
|Type and origin|
|Builder||North British Locomotive Company|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Wheel diameter||3 ft 7 in (1.092 m)|
|Minimum curve||3.5 chains (70 m)|
|Wheelbase||28 ft 6 in (8.69 m)|
|Length||42 ft 6 in (12.95 m)|
|Width||8 ft 8 1⁄2 in (2.654 m)|
|Height||12 ft 8 in (3.86 m)|
|Locomotive weight||68 long tons (69 t; 76 short tons)|
|Fuel capacity||400 imp gal (1,800 L; 480 US gal)|
|Prime mover||Paxman 16YHXL|
|Displacement||78.4 L (4,780 cu in)|
|Generator||GEC WT 881 (plus GEC auxiliary generator|
|Traction motors||4 x GEC WT 441, nose suspended, with single reduction gear drive|
|Cylinder size||7 in (178 mm) bore
7 3⁄4 in (197 mm) stroke
|Multiple working||● Red Circle|
|Maximum speed||60 mph (97 km/h)|
|Power output||Engine: 800 hp (597 kW)
At rail: 627 hp (468 kW)
|Tractive effort||Maximum: 42,000 lbf (186.8 kN)|
|Train heating||None; through steam pipe|
|31 long tons-force (310 kN)|
|Axle load class||Route availability 4|
The North British Type 1 (later known as Class 16) was a type of diesel locomotive ordered under British Railways' 1955 Modernisation Plan. Like other Type 1 designs, they were relatively small locomotives intended primarily for local freight traffic.
The design evolved from an earlier prototype locomotive built by North British, No. 10800. Under British Railways' 'pilot scheme', ten locomotives were ordered for evaluation against rival designs from British Thompson-Houston (Class 15) and English Electric (Class 20). The design shared some similarities with Class 15, both being of the road-switcher layout which was uncommon in the U.K., and both being powered by an 800 hp (600 kW) Paxman 16YHXL prime mover.
The ten locomotives (numbered D8400–D8409) were completed at the North British Locomotive Company's Queen's Park Works in Glasgow, between May and September 1958. They were delivered to Devons Road depot, Bow, North-east London on the London Midland Region of British Railways for evaluation against the rival designs, but soon moved to nearby Stratford depot on the Eastern Region, where they stayed for the rest of their lives.
The design was not a success, and no further examples were built. While the Class 15s also suffered problems with the Paxman engines, these were worse on Class 16 because inadequate ventilation resulted in frequent engine seizures. Another problem was coolant contamination of the oil, due to cylinder head failure[clarification needed]. They were fitted with a non-standard type of electro-magnetic control equipment (coded "red circle" by BR) which was prone to failure, and they could not operate in multiple with locomotives fitted with the more common electro-pneumatic ("blue star") controls.
Being non-standard and unreliable, the locomotives were an obvious candidate for early withdrawal. They were withdrawn between February and September 1968, and all ten had been cut up for scrap by the end of 1969.
- Stevens-Stratten, S.W.; Carter, R.S. (1978). British Rail Main-Line Diesels. Shepperton: Ian Allen Ltd. ISBN 0-7110-0617-2.
- Sugden, S.A. Diesel & Electric Loco Register (3rd edn). Sheffield: Platform 5. ISBN 1-872524-55-9.
- Grindlay, Jim. British Railways Locomotive Allocations 1948-1968 (Part 6 - Diesel & Electric Locomotives). Troon: Modelmaster Publications. ISBN 978-0-9544264-6-0.
- McManus, Michael. Ultimate Allocations, British Railways Locomotives 1948 - 1968. Wirral. Michael McManus.