British Rail Class 99
The British Rail Class 99 was a fleet of 14 ferries or train ferries, most of which were owned by Sealink, that carried rail vehicles between Britain and mainland Europe. When British Rail implemented the TOPS system for managing their operating stock, these ships were incorporated into the system in order to circumvent some of the restrictions of the application software. This allowed them to be counted as locomotives while carrying railway vehicles in the same way as a normal locomotive would haul a train.
There were 14 Class 99s, used for carrying road and rail vehicles from Britain to the continent (road only vehicles did not receive TOPS numbers). They were of various ages and origins, but all carried the BR double arrow logo on their red funnels. This was generally set up so that the upper arrow pointed towards the bow, and so was reversed on the port side of the ship. The hull was painted blue, with "Sealink" written in large grey letters between the waterline and the deck. A grey stripe was painted on some around parts of the top of the hull, with the main body of the ship being grey or white. Unlike other non-steam locomotives with TOPS numbers, no yellow warning panels were provided. Names were painted on the bow and stern but the TOPS numbers were not visibly carried. The table shows what are believed to be the numbers allocated:
|Number||Name||Introduced||Builder / Ship yard||Type||Current Status|
|99 001||Suffolk Ferry||New to LNER 1947||John Brown and Company,Clydebank.||TF/C/P||Scrapped 1980|
|99 002||Norfolk Ferry||New to BR 1951||John Brown and Company,Clydebank.||TF/C/P||Scrapped 1983|
|99 003||Essex Ferry||New to BR 1957||John Brown and Company,Clydebank.||TF/C/P||Scrapped 1983|
|99 004||Cambridge Ferry||New to BR 1963||Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Hebburn, England||TF/C/P||Scrapped 2003|
|99 005||Speedlink Vanguard||New to Stena Line 1973; sold to Sealink 1980||A.Vuyk and Zonen Scheepswerven B.V.,Capelle an der Ijssel,Netherlands.||TF/C||In service (Poland)|
|99 006||Twickenham Ferry||New to SR 1934||Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd, Newcastle upon Tyne||P/VF/TF||Scrapped 1974|
|99 007||Vortigern||New to BR 1969||P/VF/TF||Scrapped 2004|
|99 008||Anderida||New to Sealink 1971||TF/C/P||In service (Canada)|
|99 009||Shepperton Ferry||New to SR 1935||Swan Hunter, Newcastle upon Tyne.||P/VF/TF||Scrapped 1972|
|99 010||Invicta||New to SR 1939||William Denny & Bros Ltd, Dumbarton||P/VF/TF||Scrapped 1972|
|99 011||Saint Germain||New to BR/French National Railways 1951||Helsingor Skibsvaerft og Maskinbyggeri A/S Helsingor, Denmark||P/VF/TF||Scrapped 1988|
|99 012||Chartres||New to SNCF 1973||P/VF/TF||In service (Spain)|
|99 013||Saint Eloi||New to BR / Angleterre-Lorraine-Alsace Société Anonyme de Navigation (ALA) 1975||Cantieri Navali di Pietra Ligure, Genoa. Italy||P/VF/TF||In service (Italy)|
|99 014||Transcontainer I||New to SNCF 1968||Constructions Navales et Industrielles de la Mediterranee, La Seyne, France.||TF/C||Scrapped 2001|
There were also a number of other Sealink vessels which did not carry rail vehicles and so did not receive TOPS numbers.
While in traffic several vessels were involved in various incidents. Vortigern grounded on the approach to Oostende in 1982. Sealink Vanguard collided with European Gateway on the approach to Harwich, also in 1982, causing serious damage to the latter vessel, which nearly sank altogether. This was the most serious accident that a Class 99 was involved in while working for Sealink, resulting in six fatalities.
The mixed origins of the fleet meant that disposal was carried out in a patchy manner, and at no point were all 14 Class 99s in service. Instead, ships were cut up at any time after the 30-year-old mark, and so Sealink disposed of 6 prior to privatisation in 1984. No.99009 Shepperton Ferry was withdrawn and broken up in Spain in 1972 while No.99010 Invicta was dismantled in the Netherlands in the same year. No.99006 Twickenham Ferry, the oldest member of the fleet, was withdrawn for scrap in 1974. No.99001 Suffolk Ferry, No.99002 Norfolk Ferry and No.99003 Essex Ferry were all withdrawn around 1980 and broken up shortly afterwards.
The remaining eight members of the fleet (99004/5/7/8/11-14) left British Rail ownership when Sealink was sold in 1984, after which they were invariably renamed (sometimes several times, making them harder to trace). The vessels were scattered across the world, with new homes including Cuba, Greece, Canada and Malta. Subsequently four of the ferries (now all over 30 years old) have been broken up but four appear to still be in service. No.99008 Anderida has, since 1988, been owned by Cooperative de Transport Maritime et Aerien in Canada and is the oldest survivor, dating back to 1971. She now carries the name C.T.M.A. Voyageur and retains several historic features. No.99013 St. Eloi is now owned by Moby Lines, and is brightly painted as Moby Love. No.99012 Chartres was recently chartered by Atlanticoline, but now appears to be back at Gibraltar. No.99005 Sealink Vanguard, the lowest-numbered (and possibly most-travelled) survivor, has spent time in Cuba and Panama, but is now registered in Gdansk as the Birdik I.
Meanwhile, No.99011 St. Germain was dismantled in India in 1988. No.99014 Transcontainer I was broken up early in 2001, also in India, while No.99004 Cambridge Ferry met its end in Turkey in 2003 after working off Malta as Ita Uno and Sirio. No.99007 Vortigern moved to Greece for ferry services around the islands, for which she was renamed Express Milos. She finished her days as the Nisos Limnos; Greek regulations on the age of passenger ferries prompted her to be sold for scrap in India in 2004.
As time goes by the surviving Class 99s (99005/8/12/13) will probably also be broken up.[speculation?]
- British Railways ships for details of all ships operated by British Railways and Sealink.
- Roger Harris (2004). The Allocation History of BR Diesels and Electrics (Third and Final Edition).
- Haws, Duncan (1993). Merchant Fleets-Britain's Railway Steamers-Eastern and North Western Companies + Zeeland and Stena. Hereford: TCL Publications. p. 159. ISBN 0 946378 22 3.
- Haws 1993, p. 161
- Haws 1993, p. 162
- Haws 1993, p. 169
- Clegg, Paul W; Styring, John S (1971). British Railways Shipping and Allied Fleets. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. p. 56. ISBN 0 7153 5140 0.
- Robert Vermaat (2004). "Vortigern the Ferry". Robert Vermaat. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "Shepperton Ferry". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "Invicta". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "Twickenham Ferry". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Ian Boyle (2007). "Suffolk Ferry, Norfolk Ferry and Twickenham Ferry". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- HHV Ferry (2006). "C.T.M.A. Voyageur". Retrieved 2011-11-29.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "Anderida". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "St. Eloi". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "Chartres". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "St. Germain". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "Transcontainer I". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Nigel Thornton & Ray Goodfellow (2008). "Cambridge Ferry". Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- HHV Ferry (2005). "Vortigern". Retrieved 2011-11-29.