British Uruguayan is a Uruguayan citizen of British descent or a British-born person residing in Uruguay. The British community in Uruguay is small but historically significant; it numbers ca. 690 British expatriates and thousands of people of British descent.
There has been presence of British nationals in the eastern shores of the Río de la Plata since colonial times. England exerted a notable influence in the region, including two invasions in the early 19th century; from that time dates the establishment of the first newspaper in Montevideo, The Southern Star. British settlers helped establish Conchillas and Barker at Colonia Department in the late 19th century. There were important British businesspeople in several activities, as well as politicians and professionals. Britons were also fundamental in the establishment of association football as a mainstream sport, with the Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club (established 1891) and other institutions.