The United States Department of Defense held a total of nine British detainees at Guantanamo Bay detention camp. An additional nine detainees were citizens of other nations who had been granted permanent residency status in the United Kingdom.
A total of 778 suspects have been held in the Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba since the camps opened on January 11, 2002. The camp population peaked in 2004 at approximately 660. Only nineteen new suspects, all "high value detainees" have been transferred there since the United States Supreme Court's ruling in Rasul v. Bush. As of May 2014, 149 detainees remain at Guantanamo.
Five British citizens were repatriated in March 2004, including friends known as the Tipton Three, prior to the start of the Combatant Status Review Tribunals. Shafiq Rasul had been party to a major court challenge under a habeas corpus petition challenging his detention. In Rasul v. Bush (2004), the US Supreme Court ruled that detainees had the right to challenge their detention before an impartial tribunal, one of the first of several landmark cases related to operations at Guantanamo.
All the British citizens have been repatriated. Shaker Aamer is the last British resident held in Guantánamo Bay.
Following his release, Begg wrote a book about his detention, entitled Enemy Combatant. He has founded Cageprisoners, an organization representing detainees and helping those who have been released to re-integrate into society.