British infantry brigades of the First World War

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

During the First World War 259 infantry brigades were raised by the British Army, two by the Royal Navy, and one from the Royal Marines. Of these brigades fifty-three were held in reserve or only used for training, while another nine only served in British India.

The pre war regular army only had eighteen infantry brigades, with another forty-three serving with the reserve Territorial Force (TF). Once war was declared, the regular army was expanded first by volunteers and then conscripts for what became known as Kitchener's Army. At the same time volunteers for the TF formed second line formations.

Three infantry brigades served with a division, mostly the same one throughout the war, but some did serve for short periods with another division. At the start of the war four infantry battalions, with a small headquarters formed a brigade, but by 1918, with the number of casualties mounting, the brigade was reduced to three battalions. During the same time the firepower of a brigade was increased by the assignment of more machine guns, eventually as the war progressed, a brigade had their own machine gun company and a trench mortar battery assigned.

Background[edit]

At the outbreak of the war in August 1914, the British regular army was a small professional force. It consisted of 247,432 regular troops organised into four Guards, 69 line infantry and 31 cavalry regiments, along with artillery and other support arms.[1] The regular Army was supported by the Territorial Force, and by reservists. In August 1914, there were three forms of reserves. The Army Reserve of retired soldiers was 145,350 strong.[2] The Special Reserve had another 64,000 men and was a form of part-time soldiering, similar to the Territorial Force.[2] The National Reserve had some 215,000 men, who were on a register which was maintained by Territorial Force County Associations; these men had military experience, but no other reserve obligation.[1][2] The regulars and reserves—at least on paper—totalled a mobilised force of almost 700,000 men, although only 150,000 men were immediately available to be formed into the British Expeditionary Force.[1]

Pre war regular army[edit]

After 1907, the regular British Army, serving at home, was grouped into six divisions, each of three brigades numbered 1st–18th. Following the declaration of war, four infantry battalions, which had been intended to defend the lines of communication, were brigaded together as the 19th Brigade. Near the end of 1914, when regular army battalions returned to Europe from serving around the British Empire, they formed the 7th and 8th Division, with the 20th–25th brigades.[3] As the war progressed three more regular army divisions were formed the 27th, 28th and 29th, with their brigades being numbered from 80th–88th.[4]

Territorial Force[edit]

The reserve formations of the Territorial Force comprised fourteen divisions each of three brigades, while another three brigades were independent formations intended for coastal defence.[3] They were unnumbered until August 1915, and took the name of the region they were affiliated with, or the name of the regiments that supplied their battalions. When the brigades were given numbers they became the 125th–234th brigades. As a home defence organisation, their men could not be sent overseas against their wishes.[5] After war was declared almost to a man the Territorial Force volunteered to serve overseas, so a second line Territorial Force was recruited, virtually a mirror image of the first line divisions and brigades.[6] For example the Northumbrian Division, had the Northumberland, York and Durham and the Durham Light Infantry Brigades.[7] The second line 2nd Northumbrian Division, had the 2nd Northumberland, 2nd York and Durham and the 2nd Durham Light Infantry Brigades.[8] Volunteers for the second line Territorial Force had the same terms and conditions as the first line, and could not be sent overseas unless they agreed to do so.[9] [nb 1]

Kitchener's Army[edit]

The British 137th Brigade muster on 29 September 1918 shortly after breaking through the German's Hindenburg Line. The image was taken at the Riqueval Bridge - across the Saint-Quentin Canal - south of Bellicourt in northern France.

The third part of the British Army was the New Army, also known as Kitchener's Army. Recruits for the New Armies were technically part of the regular army, serving for three years or until the end of the war.[11] The first of the New Armies comprised the 9th–14th divisions, with the 26th–43rd brigades. The second New Army comprised the 15th–20th divisions, with the 44th–61st brigades. The third comprised the 21st–26th divisions, with the 62nd–79th brigades. The fourth and fifth were the Pals battalions of the 30th–35th divisions, with the 89th–106th brigades and the 37th–42nd divisions, with the 110th–136th brigades. The last New Army was the sixth, comprising the 36th–41st divisions, with the 107th–124th brigades.[12]

Infantry brigade composition[edit]

At the start of the First World War French, Russian and German divisions consisted of two brigades each of which were made up of two regiments. Each regiment had three battalions except the Russians with four, which meant that in total there were around 6,000 men in the brigade. The British Army was different. Their divisions consisted of three brigades, with each brigade having slightly over 4,000 men in four battalions, plus support troops, under the command of a brigadier general.[13]

The 1914 British infantry brigade comprised a small headquarters and four infantry battalions, with two heavy machine guns per battalion.[14][15] Over the course of the war, the composition of the infantry brigades gradually changed, and there was an increased emphasis upon providing them with their own organic fire support. By 1916 each brigade had a Vickers machine gun company and a mortar battery with eight Stokes Mortars. The machine gun companies were later withdrawn and combined into a divisional machine gun battalion. By 1918, the brigade formation had been reduced to three battalions. However each battalion now had thirty-six Lewis machine guns, making a total of 108 in the brigade.[1]

Several brigades that served away from the Western Front and other main theatres of operations, had a different composition. The 228th Brigade, which served with the command of the Greek Crete Division, had a Royal Engineers signal section and a Royal Army Medical Corps field ambulance attached. Other brigades that served in the British Salonika Army, had a Section Ammunition Column attached.[16] Brigades that served in the Mesopotamia Campaign had their own supply and transport columns of the Army Service Corps.[17] One brigade, the 226th Mixed, was unique in the respect that it was the only infantry brigade with its own artillery, having two batteries from the Royal Garrison Artillery assigned.[18]

In the trench warfare on the Western Front, an infantry brigade's defensive responsibilities depended upon where they were at the time. On 21 March 1918, the first day of the German Spring Offensive, the 173rd Brigade was responsible for 5,000 yards (4,600 m) of the front line.[19] In 1918, the British Army was responsible for 126 miles (203 km) of the Western Front. The forty-two brigades, fourteen divisions, of the First Army had to defend 33 miles (53 km). The thirty-six brigades, twelve divisions, of the Second Army 23 miles (37 km). The forty-two brigades, fourteen divisions, of the Third Army 28 miles (45 km).[20] The thirty-six brigades, twelve divisions, of the Fifth Army possibly had the hardest task with 42 miles (68 km) of front to defend.[21]

Within the brigade a typical deployment was one battalion in the front line, with the other two in reserve, about 2 to 3 miles (3.2 to 4.8 km) back. The forward battalion had several sections manning outposts in the front trench with two companies manning strong points behind them. Their third company was in reserve to act as a counterattacking force and the fourth company was resting. Two brigades of a division would be deployed forward with the third brigade in reserve.[22]

List of brigades[edit]

Brigade Division First arrived at the front Location Notes
1st Guards Brigade 1st Division
Guards Division
August 1915 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Some battalions served in other formations prior to the formation of the brigade.[23][24]
1st Brigade 1st Division August 1915 Western Front Formed after the Guards battalions left for the Guards Division.[23][24]
1st (Royal Naval) Brigade 63rd (Royal Naval) October 1914 Western Front Formed from Royal Navy reservists. Re-designated 1st Brigade in August 1915, then disbanded July 1916.[25][26][26]
1st Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 221st Mixed Brigade.[27][28]
1st Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
2/1st London Brigade 58th (2/1st London) December 1914 Malta Left the Division for Malta.[29]
2nd Guards Brigade Guards Division August 1915 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[24][30]
2nd Brigade 1st Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[23][31]
2nd (Royal Naval) Brigade 63rd (Royal Naval) October 1914 Western Front Formed from Royal Navy reservists. Broken up July 1915, and reformed August 1915 as 2nd Brigade. Renamed the 2nd (Royal Naval) Brigade and then 189th Brigade July 1916.[25][26][26]
2nd Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 222nd Mixed Brigade.[27][28]
2nd Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
3rd Guards Brigade Guards Division August 1915 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[24][30]
3rd Brigade 1st Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[23][31]
3rd (Royal Marine) Brigade 63rd (Royal Naval) August 1914 Western Front Formed from surplus Royal Marine reserves, with no berths on ships available. Disbanded August 1915, until May 1916. Re-designated 1st (Royal Naval) Brigade and 188th Brigade in July 1916.[25][26][26]
3rd Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 223rd Mixed Brigade.[27][28]
3rd Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
4th (Guards) Brigade 2nd Division
31st Division
August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Renumbered 1st Guards Brigade August 1915.[24][30]
4th Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 224th Mixed Brigade.[27][28]
4th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
5th Brigade 2nd Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[32][33]
5th Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 225th Mixed Brigade.[27][28]
5th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
6th Brigade 2nd Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[32][33]
6th Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 71st Division.[27][28][34]
6th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
7th Brigade 3rd Division
25th Division
August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Joined 25th Division October 1915.[35][36]
7th Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 226th Mixed Brigade.[27][28][34]
7th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
8th Brigade 3rd Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[35][36]
8th Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 72nd Division.[27][28][37]
8th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
9th Brigade 3rd Division
28th Division
August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Attached to 28th Division between February and April 1915.[35][36]
9th Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 73rd Division.[27][28][38]
9th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
10th Brigade 4th Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[39][40]
10th Provisional Brigade No division Home service Formed from Home Service men of Territorials. Became 227th Mixed Brigade.[27][28]
10th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
11th Brigade 4th Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[39][40]
11th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
12th Brigade 4th Division
36th (Ulster)
August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Attached to 36th (Ulster) Division between November 1915 and February 1916.[39][40]
12th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
13th Brigade 5th Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Attached to 28th Division between February 1915 and April 1915. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[41][42]
13th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
14th Brigade 5th Division
32nd Division
August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Transferred to 32nd Division December 1915.[41][42]
14th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
15th Brigade 5th Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Attached to 28th Division between March and April 1915. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[41][42]
15th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
16th Brigade 6th Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[43][44]
16th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
17th Brigade 6th Division
24th Division
August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Transferred to 24th Division October 1915.[43][44]
17th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
18th Brigade 6th Division August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[43][44]
18th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
19th Brigade 6th Division
27th Division
2nd Division
33rd Division
August 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. GHQ Troops until October 1914, joined 27th Division May 1915. Transferred to 2nd Division August 1915, then 33rd Division November 1915.[32][43][44][45]
19th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
20th Brigade 7th Division October 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[46][47]
20th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
21st Brigade 7th Division
30th Division
October 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Transferred to 30th Division December 1915[46][47]
21st Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
22nd Brigade 7th Division October 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[46][47]
22nd Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
23rd Brigade 8th Division November 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[48][49]
23rd Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
24th Brigade 8th Division
23rd Division
November 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Transferred to 23rd Division October 1916 to July 1916.[48][49]
24th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
25th Brigade 8th Division November 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army.[48][49]
26th Brigade 9th (Scottish) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[50][51]
26th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
27th Brigade 9th (Scottish) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[50][51]
28th Brigade 9th (Scottish) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Disbanded May 1916 reformed September 1918.[50][51]
28th Reserve Brigade No division Home service [2]
29th Brigade 10th (Irish) August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front and in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[52][53]
30th Brigade 10th (Irish) August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front and in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[52][53]
31st Brigade 10th (Irish) August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front and in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[52][53]
32nd Brigade 11th (Northern) August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Western Front.[54][55]
33rd Brigade 11th (Northern)
2nd Division
August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Transferred to 2nd Division November 1915. Also fought on the Western Front.[32][54][55]
34th Brigade 11th (Northern) August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Western Front.[54][55]
35th Brigade 12th (Eastern) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[56][57]
36th Brigade 12th (Eastern) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[56][57]
37th Brigade 12th (Eastern) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[56][57]
38th Brigade 13th (Western) June 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Mesopotamia Campaign.[17][58]
39th Brigade 13th (Western) June 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Mesopotamia Campaign. Attached Dunsterforce 1918.[17][58]
40th Brigade 13th (Western) June 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Mesopotamia Campaign.[17][58]
41st Brigade 14th (Light) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[59][60]
42nd Brigade 14th (Light) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[59][60]
43rd Brigade 14th (Light) May 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Formed from Light Infantry battalions.[59][60]
44th Brigade 15th (Scottish) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[61][62]
45th Brigade 15th (Scottish) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[61][62]
46th Brigade 15th (Scottish) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[61][62]
47th Brigade 16th (Irish) December 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[63][64]
48th Brigade 16th (Irish) December 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[63][64]
49th Brigade 16th (Irish) December 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[63][64]
50th Brigade 17th (Northern) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[65][66]
51st Brigade 17th (Northern) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[65][66]
52nd Brigade 17th (Northern) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[65][66]
53rd Brigade 18th (Eastern) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[67][68]
54th Brigade 18th (Eastern) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[67][68]
55th Brigade 18th (Eastern) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[67][68]
56th Brigade 18th (Eastern) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[69][70]
57th Brigade 19th (Western) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[69][70]
58th Brigade 19th (Western) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[69][70]
59th Brigade 19th (Western) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[71][72]
60th Brigade 20th (Light) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[71][72]
61st Brigade 20th (Light) July 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Formed from Light Infantry battalions.[71][72]
62nd Brigade 21st Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[73][74]
63rd Brigade 21st Division
37th Division
September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Transferred to the 37th Division July 1916.[73][74]
64th Brigade 21st Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[73][74]
65th Brigade 22nd Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[75][76]
66th Brigade 22nd Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[75][76]
67th Brigade 22nd Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[75][76]
68th Brigade 23rd Division August 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[77][78]
69th Brigade 23rd Division August 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[77][78]
70th Brigade 23rd Division
8th Division
August 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign. Transferred to 8th Division October 1915 to July 1916.[48][77][78]
71st Brigade 24th Division
6th Division
September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Transferred to 6th Division October 1915.[79][80]
72nd Brigade 24th Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[79][80]
73rd Brigade 24th Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[79][80]
74th Brigade 25th Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[81][82]
75th Brigade 25th Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Renumbered as 236th Brigade and new 75th Brigade formed September 1918.[81][82][83]
76th Brigade 25th Division
3rd Division
September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Joined 3rd Division October 1915[81][82]
77th Brigade 26th Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[84][85]
78th Brigade 26th Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[84][85]
79th Brigade 26th Division September 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[84][85]
80th Brigade 27th Division December 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[86][87]
81st Brigade 27th Division December 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[86][87]
82nd Brigade 27th Division December 1914 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[86][87]
83rd Brigade 28th Division
5th Division
January 1915 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Transferred to 5th Division between March and April 1915. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[16][88]
84th Brigade 28th Division
5th Division
January 1915 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Transferred to 5th Division between February and April 1915. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[16][88]
85th Brigade 28th Division
3rd Division
January 1915 Western Front Formed from the Regular Army. Transferred to 3rd Division between February and April 1915. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[16][35][88]
86th Brigade 29th Division April 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Formed from the Regular Army. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and on the Western Front.[89][90]
87th Brigade 29th Division April 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Formed from the Regular Army. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and on the Western Front.[89][90]
88th Brigade 29th Division April 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Formed from the Regular Army. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and on the Western Front.[89][90]
89th Brigade 30th Division November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Formed from King's (Liverpool Regiment) battalions.[91][92]
90th Brigade 30th Division November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Formed from Manchester Regiment battalions.[91][92]
91st Brigade 30th Division
7th Division
November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Formed from Manchester Regiment battalions. Also fought in the Italian Campaign. Transferred to 7th Division December 1915[91][92]
92nd Brigade 31st Division December 1915 Sinai and Palestine Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade, formed from East Yorkshire Regiment battalions. Also fought on the Western Front. Following heavy casualties in April 1918 the 92nd and 93rd Brigades were amalgamated as the 92nd Composite Brigade. However they were reformed soon after.[93][94]
93rd Brigade 31st Division December 1915 Sinai and Palestine Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Western Front. Following heavy casualties in April 1918 the 92nd and 93rd Brigades were amalgamated as the 92nd Composite Brigade. However they were reformed soon after.[93][94]
94th Brigade 31st Division December 1915 Sinai and Palestine Campaign Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought on the Western Front. Broken up February and reformed May and June 1918 by units of the 74th (Yeomanry) Division, and re-designated 94th (Yeomanry) Brigade.[93][94]
95th Brigade 32nd Division
5th Division
March 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign. Transferred to 5th Division December 1915.[95][96]
96th Brigade 32nd Division November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[95][96]
97th Brigade 32nd Division November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[95][96]
98th Brigade 33rd Division November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade, formed from Royal Fusiliers battalions.[45][97]
99th Brigade 33rd Division
2nd Division
November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade, formed from Royal Fusiliers battalions. Left to join 2nd Division in November 1915 [45][97]
100th Brigade 33rd Division November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[45][97]
101st Brigade 34th Division January 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[98][99]
102nd (Tyneside Scottish) Brigade 34th Division
37th Division
January 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Formed from Northumberland Fusiliers battalions. Attached to 37th Division July to August 1916, following heavy casualties incurred on the First day on the Somme.[98][99]
103rd (Tyneside Irish) Brigade 34th Division
37th Division
January 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Formed from Northumberland Fusiliers battalions. Attached to 37th Division July to August 1916, following heavy casualties incurred on the First day on the Somme.[98][99]
104th Brigade 35th Division January 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[100][101]
105th Brigade 35th Division January 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[100][101]
106th Brigade 35th Division January 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[100][101]
107th Brigade 36th (Ulster)
4th Division
October 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Attached to 4th Division between November 1915 and February 1916. Formed from Royal Irish Rifles battalions.[102][103]
108th Brigade 36th (Ulster) October 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[102][103]
109th Brigade 36th (Ulster) October 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[102][103]
110th Brigade 37th Division
21st Division
August 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade, formed from Leicestershire Regiment battalions. Transferred to 21st Division July 1916.[73][104][105]
111th Brigade 37th Division
34th Division
August 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Attached from the 37th Division between July and August 1916.[98][104][105]
112th Brigade 37th Division
34th Division
August 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Attached from the 37th Division between July and August 1916.[98][104][105]
113th Brigade 38th (Welsh) November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade, formed from Royal Welsh Fusiliers battalions.[106][107]
114th Brigade 38th (Welsh) November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Formed from Welsh Regiment battalions.[106][107]
115th Brigade 38th (Welsh) November 1915 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[106][107]
116th Brigade 39th Division March 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[108][109]
117th Brigade 39th Division March 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[108][109]
118th Brigade 39th Division March 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[108][109]
119th Brigade 40th Division June 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also known as the Welsh Bantam Brigade.[110][111]
120th Brigade 40th Division June 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[110][111]
121st Brigade 40th Division June 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade.[110][111]
122nd Brigade 41st Division May 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[112][113]
123rd Brigade 41st Division May 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[112][113]
124th Brigade 41st Division May 1916 Western Front Kitchener's Army brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[112][113]
125th (Lancashire Fusiliers) Brigade 42nd (East Lancashire) September 1916 Sinai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Lancashire Fusiliers battalions. Also fought in the Gallipoli Campaign and on the Western Front.[114][115]
126th (East Lancashire) Brigade 42nd (East Lancashire) September 1916 Sinai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Also fought in the Gallipoli Campaign and on the Western Front.[114][115]
127th (Manchester) Brigade 42nd (East Lancashire) September 1916 Sainai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Manchester Regiment battalions. Also fought in the Gallipoli Campaign and on the Western Front.[114][115]
128th (Hampshire) Brigade 43rd (Wessex) October 1914 British India First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Hampshire Regiment battalions.[116][117]
129th (South Western) Brigade 43rd (Wessex) October 1914 British India First line Territorial brigade.[116][117]
130th (Devon & Cornwall) Brigade 43rd (Wessex) October 1914 British India First line Territorial brigade.[116][117]
131st (Surrey) Brigade 44th (Home Counties) October 1914 British India First line Territorial brigade.[118][119]
132nd (Middlesex) Brigade 44th (Home Counties) October 1914 British India First line Territorial brigade.[118][119]
133rd (Kent) Brigade 44th (Home Counties) October 1914 British India First line Territorial brigade.[118][119]
134th (2/1st Hampshire) Brigade 45th (2nd Wessex) December 1914 British India Second line Territorial brigade, that was disbanded in September 1917.[120]
135th (2/1st South Western) Brigade 45th (2nd Wessex) December 1914 British India Second line Territorial brigade.[119]
136th (2/1st Devon & Cornwall) Brigade 45th (2nd Wessex) December 1914 British India Second line Territorial brigade.[119]
137th (Staffordshire) Brigade 46th (North Midland) February 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade.[121][122]
138th (Lincoln & Leicester) Brigade 46th (North Midland) February 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade.[121][122]
139th (Sherwood Forester) Brigade 46th (North Midland) February 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Sherwood Forester battalions.[121][122]
140th (4th London) Brigade 47th (2nd London) March 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions.[123][124]
141st (5th London) Brigade 47th (2nd London) March 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions.[123][124]
142nd (6th London) Brigade 47th (2nd London) March 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions.[123][124]
143rd (Warwickshire) Brigade 48th (South Midland) March 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Royal Warwickshire Regiment battalions. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[125][126]
144th (Gloucester & Worcester) Brigade 48th (South Midland) March 1915 Western Front First line Territorial Army brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[125][126]
145th (South Midland) Brigade 48th (South Midland) March 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Also fought in the Italian Campaign.[125][126]
146th (West Riding) Brigade 49th (West Riding) April 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from West Yorkshire Regiment battalions.[127][128]
147th (2nd West Riding) Brigade 49th (West Riding) April 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Duke of Wellington's Regiment battalions.[127][128]
148th (3rd West Riding) Brigade 49th (West Riding) April 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade.[127][128]
149th (Northumberland) Brigade 50th (Northumbrian) April 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Northumberland Fusiliers battalions.[7][129]
150th (York and Durham) Brigade 50th (Northumbrian) April 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade.[7][129]
151st (Durham Light Infantry) Brigade 50th (Northumbrian) April 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Durham Light Infantry battalions.[7][129]
152nd (1st Highland) Brigade 51st (Highland) May 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Known as the Seaforth and Cameron Brigade up to May 1915.[130][131]
153rd (2nd Highland) Brigade 51st (Highland) May 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Known as the Gordon Brigade up to May 1915.[130][131]
154th (3rd Highland) Brigade 51st (Highland) July 1915 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Known as the Argyll and Sutherland Brigade up to May 1915.[130][131]
155th (South Scottish) Brigade 52nd (Lowland) May 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and on the Western Front.[132][133]
156th (Scottish Rifles) Brigade 52nd (Lowland) May 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) battalions. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and on the Western Front.[132][133]
157th (Highland Light Infantry) Brigade 52nd (Lowland) May 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Highland Light Infantry battalions. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and on the Western Front.[132][133]
158th (North Wales) Brigade 53rd (Welsh) July 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Royal Welsh Fusiliers battalions. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[134][135]
159th (Cheshire) Brigade 53rd (Welsh) July 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Cheshire Regiment battalions. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[134][135]
160th (Wales) Brigade 53rd (Welsh) July 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[134][135]
161st (Essex) Brigade 54th (East Anglian) August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Formed from Essex Regiment battalions. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[136][137]
162nd (East Midland) Brigade 54th (East Anglian) August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[136][137]
163rd (Norfolk & Suffolk) Brigade 54th (East Anglian) August 1915 Gallipoli Campaign First line Territorial brigade. Also fought in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[136][137]
164th (North Lancashire) Brigade 55th (West Lancashire) January 1916 Western Front First line Territorial brigade.[138][139]
165th (Liverpool) Brigade 55th (West Lancashire) January 1916 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from King's Regiment (Liverpool) battalions.[138][139]
166th (South Lancashire) Brigade 55th (West Lancashire) January 1916 Western Front First line Territorial brigade.[138][139]
167th (1st London) Brigade 56th (1st London) January 1916 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions. Left the division in September 1914 and rejoined in February 1916.[140][141]
168th (2nd London) Brigade 56th (1st London) January 1916 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions. Broken up in November 1914 and reformed February 1916.[140][141]
169th (3rd London) Brigade 56th (1st London) January 1916 Western Front First line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions. Broken up April 1915 and reformed February 1916.[140][141]
170th (2/1st North Lancashire) Brigade 57th (2nd West Lancashire) February 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade.[142][143]
171st (2/1st Liverpool) Brigade 57th (2nd West Lancashire) February 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from King's Regiment (Liverpool) battalions.[142][143]
172nd (2/1st South Lancashire) Brigade 57th (2nd West Lancashire) February 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade.[142][143]
173rd (3/1st London) Brigade 58th (2/1st London) January 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions.[29][144]
174th (2/2nd London) Brigade 58th (2/1st London) January 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions.[29][144]
175th (2/3rd London) Brigade 58th (2/1st London) January 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions. Replaced 2/1st London Brigade in August 1915.[29][144]
176th (2/1st Staffordshire) Brigade 59th (2nd North Midland) February 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade.[145][146]
177th (2/1st Lincoln & Leicester) Brigade 59th (2nd North Midland) February 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade.[145][146]
178th (2/1st Sherwood Forester) Brigade 59th (2nd North Midland) February 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from Sherwood Foresters battalions.[145][146]
179th (2/4th London) Brigade 60th (2/2nd London) June 1916 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[147][148]
180th (2/5th London) Brigade 60th (2/2nd London) June 1916 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions.[147][148]
181st (2/6th London) Brigade 60th (2/2nd London) June 1916 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from London Regiment battalions. Also fought on the Macedonian Front.[147][148]
182nd (2nd Warwickshire) Brigade 61st (2nd South Midland) May 1916 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from Royal Warwickshire Regiment battalions.[149][150]
183rd (2nd Gloucester and Worcester) Brigade 61st (2nd South Midland) May 1916 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade.[149][150]
184th (2nd South Midland) Brigade 61st (2nd South Midland) May 1916 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade.[149][150]
185th (2/1st West Riding) Brigade 62nd (2nd West Riding) January 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from West Yorkshire Regiment battalions.[151][152]
186th (2/2nd West Riding) Brigade 62nd (2nd West Riding) January 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from Duke of Wellington's Regiment battalions.[151][152]
187th (2/3rd West Riding) Brigade 62nd (2nd West Riding) January 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade.[151][152]
188th (2/1st Northumberland) Brigade 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade, formed from Northumberland Fusiliers battalions. It was disbanded in November 1916 and its battalions were transferred 217th Brigade in 72nd Division[8][37][153]
188th Brigade 63rd (Royal Naval) July 1916 Western Front [25][26]
189th (2nd York and Durham) Brigade 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade. When the 63rd Division was disbanded in 1916 the brigade joined 73rd Division and was renumbered 220th Brigade.[8][38][153]
189th Brigade 63rd (Royal Naval) July 1916 Western Front [25][26]
190th (2nd Durham Light Infantry) Brigade 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade, formed from Durham Light Infantry battalions. When the 63rd Division was disbanded in 1916 the brigade joined 71st Division and was renumbered 214th Brigade.[8][34][153]
190th Brigade 63rd (Royal Naval) July 1916 Western Front [25][26]
191st (2nd Seaforth and Cameron Highlanders) Brigade 64th (2nd Highland) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade, formed from Seaforth Highlanders battalions.[154][155]
192nd (2nd Gordon Highlanders) Brigade 64th (2nd Highland) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade. Formed from Gordon Highlanders battalions.[154][155]
193rd (2nd Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders) Brigade 64th (2nd Highland) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade, formed from Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders battalions.[154][155]
194th (2nd South Scottish) Brigade 65th (2nd Lowland) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade.[156][157]
195th (2/1st Scottish Rifles) Brigade 65th (2nd Lowland) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade, formed from four Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) battalions.[156][157]
196th (2/1st Highland Light Infantry) Brigade 65th (2nd Lowland) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade, formed from Highland Light Infantry battalions.[156][157]
197th (Lancashire Fusiliers) Brigade 66th (2nd East Lancashire) March 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade, formed from Lancashire Fusiliers battalions.[158][159]
198th (East Lancashire) Brigade 66th (2nd East Lancashire) March 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade.[158][159]
199th (Manchester) Brigade 66th (2nd East Lancashire) March 1917 Western Front Second line Territorial brigade, formed from Manchester Regiment battalions.[158][159]
200th (2/1st Surrey) Brigade 67th (2nd Home Counties) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade. Demobilised February 1918.[160][161]
201st (2/1st Middlesex) Brigade 67th (2nd Home Counties) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade, by Middlesex Regiment battalions.[160][161]
202nd (2/1st Kent) Brigade 67th (2nd Home Counties) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade.[160][161]
203rd (2nd North Wales) Brigade 68th (2nd Welsh) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade.[162][163]
204th (2nd Cheshire) Brigade 68th (2nd Welsh) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade.[163][164]
205th (2nd Welsh Border) Brigade 68th (2nd Welsh) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade.[163][165]
206th (2nd Essex) Brigade 69th (2nd East Anglian) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade.[166][167]
207th (2nd East Midland) Brigade 69th (2nd East Anglian) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade.[167][168]
208th (2nd Norfolk and Suffolk) Brigade 69th (2nd East Anglian) Home Service Second line Territorial brigade.[167][169]
209th Brigade 70th Division Never formed Number allocated but never formed[170]
210th Brigade 70th Division Never formed Number allocated but never formed[170]
211th Brigade 70th Division Never formed Number allocated but never formed[170]
212th Brigade 71st Division Home Service Had a dual role of training and home defence. Broken up March 1918.[18][171]
213th Brigade 71st Division Home Service Had a dual role of training and home defence. Broken up March 1918.[18][171]
214th Brigade 71st Division
67th (2nd Home Counties)
Home Service Formed by renumbering 190th (2nd Durham Light Infantry) Brigade from disbanded 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Division. Became a Special Brigade for service in Russia but remained in UK. Joined 67th Division, February 1918.[18][34][171]
215th Brigade 72nd Division Home Service Had a dual role of training and home defence.[172][173]
216th Brigade 72nd Division Home Service Had a dual role of training and home defence.[172][173]
217th Brigade 72nd Division Home Service Had a dual role of training and home defence.[172][173]
218th Brigade 73rd Division Home Service Had a dual role of training and home defence.[174][175]
219th Brigade 73rd Division Home Service Had a dual role of training and home defence.[174][175]
220th Brigade 73rd Division Home Service Formed by renumbering 189th (2nd York and Durham) Brigade from disbanded 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Division[38][174][175]
221st Mixed Brigade Not allocated Home Service Formed from Provisional Battalions of Home Service Territorial personnel. Had a dual role of training and home defence.[176]
222nd Mixed Brigade Not allocated Home Service Formed from Provisional Battalions of Home Service Territorial personnel. Had a dual role training and home defence.[176]
223rd Mixed Brigade Not allocated Home Service Formed from Provisional Battalions of Home Service Territorial personnel. Had a dual role of training and home defence.[176]
224th Mixed Brigade Not allocated Home Service Formed from Provisional Battalions of Home Service Territorial personnel. Had a dual role of training and home defence.[176]
225th Mixed Brigade Not allocated Home Service Formed from Provisional Battalions of Home Service Territorial personnel. Had a dual role of training and home defence.[176]
226th Mixed Brigade 71st Division
67th (2nd Home Counties)
Home Service Formed from Provisional Battalions of Home Service Territorial personnel. Had a dual role of training and home defence.[176]
227th Mixed Brigade Not allocated Home Service Formed from Provisional Battalions of Home Service Territorial personnel. Had a dual role training and home defence.[176]
228th Brigade 28th Division February 1917 Western Front Formed in February 1917 as Army Troops. Also fought on the Macedonian Front, it was associated with the 28th Division, then came under command of the Greek Crete Division from September to October 1918, when it was broken up.[16][167]
229th Brigade 74th (Yeomanry) March 1917 Sinai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade, previously the 2nd Dismounted Brigade. Also fought on the Western Front.[177][178]
230th Brigade 74th (Yeomanry) March 1917 Sinai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade, previously the 3rd Dismounted Brigade. Also fought on the Western Front.[177][178]
231st Brigade 74th (Yeomanry) March 1917 Sinai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade, previously the 4th Dismounted Brigade. Also fought on the Western Front.[177][178]
232nd Brigade 75th Division March 1917 Sinai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade.[179][180]
233rd Brigade 75th Division March 1917 Sinai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade.[179][180]
234th Brigade 75th Division March 1917 Sinai and Palestine Campaign First line Territorial brigade.[179][180]
236th Brigade Syren Force November 1918 North Russia Formed from 75th Brigade[83][181][182][183]
237th Brigade Syren Force June 1918 North Russia [183]
238th Brigade Independent November 1918 North Russia [183]
242nd Brigade 28th Division March 1920 Turkey British Army of Occupation in Turkey after Armistice[184]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Until the passing of the Military Service Act 1916.[10]
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d Tucker & Roberts (2005), p. 504
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Baker, Chris. "Reserves and reservists". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Rinaldi (2008), p.27
  4. ^ Rinaldi (2008), p.28
  5. ^ Rinaldi (2008), p.7
  6. ^ Rinaldi (2008), p.9
  7. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "50th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d Hornby, Martin. "British Infantry Divisions". Western Front Association. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  9. ^ Rinaldi (2008), p.16
  10. ^ "Military Service Act". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Rinaldi (2008), pp.10, 16
  12. ^ Rinaldi (2008), pp.27–28
  13. ^ Tucker & Roberts (2005), p.792
  14. ^ Tucker & Roberts (2005), p. 810
  15. ^ Messenger (2005), pp. 25–26
  16. ^ a b c d e Baker, Chris. "28th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "13th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  18. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "71st Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  19. ^ Hart, p.74
  20. ^ Hart, p.38
  21. ^ Hart, p.39
  22. ^ Hart, p.56
  23. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "1st Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c d e Baker, Chris. "Guards Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f Baker, Chris. "63rd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i Chappell (2008), p. 339
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j see work of David Porter at Great War Forum http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=175475
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Provisional Brigade War Diaries, The National Archives, Kew file WO 95/5458.
  29. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "58th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  30. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 181
  31. ^ a b Chappell (2008), p. 183
  32. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "2nd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  33. ^ a b Chappell (2008), p. 186
  34. ^ a b c d Becke, Pt 2b, pp. 101–5.
  35. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "3rd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  36. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 189
  37. ^ a b Becke, Pt 2b, pp. 107–10.
  38. ^ a b c Becke, Pt 2b, pp. 111–6.
  39. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "4th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  40. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 192
  41. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "5th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  42. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p.195
  43. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "6th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  44. ^ a b c d Chappell (2008), p. 198
  45. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "33rd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  46. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "7th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  47. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 201
  48. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "8th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  49. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 204
  50. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "9th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  51. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 207
  52. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "10th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  53. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 210
  54. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "11th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  55. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 212
  56. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "12th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  57. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 214
  58. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 216
  59. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "14th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  60. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 218
  61. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "15th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  62. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 221
  63. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "16th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  64. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 224
  65. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "17th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  66. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 228
  67. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "18th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  68. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 230
  69. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "19th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  70. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 232
  71. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "20th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  72. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 235
  73. ^ a b c d Baker, Chris. "21st Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  74. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 237
  75. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "22nd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  76. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 240
  77. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "23rd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  78. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 242
  79. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "24th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  80. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 244
  81. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "25th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  82. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 246
  83. ^ a b Becke, Pt 3a, pp 138–42.
  84. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "26th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  85. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 248
  86. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "27th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  87. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 252
  88. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 254
  89. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "29th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  90. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 256
  91. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "30th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  92. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 259
  93. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "31st Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  94. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 263
  95. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "32nd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  96. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 266
  97. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 268
  98. ^ a b c d e Baker, Chris. "34th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  99. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 270
  100. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "35th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  101. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 274
  102. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "36th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  103. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 276
  104. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "37th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  105. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 279
  106. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "38th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  107. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 281
  108. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "39th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  109. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 284
  110. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "40th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  111. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 288
  112. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "41st Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  113. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 291
  114. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "42nd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  115. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 293
  116. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "43rd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  117. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 295
  118. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "44th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  119. ^ a b c d e Chappell (2008), p. 296
  120. ^ Chappell (2008), p. 298
  121. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "46th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  122. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 299
  123. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "47th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  124. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 301
  125. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "48th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  126. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 303
  127. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "49th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  128. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 305
  129. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 307
  130. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "51st Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  131. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 311
  132. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "52nd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  133. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 314
  134. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "53rd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  135. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 316
  136. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "54th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  137. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 318
  138. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "55th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  139. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 320
  140. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "56th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  141. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 322
  142. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "57th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  143. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 325
  144. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 327
  145. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "59th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  146. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 329
  147. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "60th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  148. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 332
  149. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "61st Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  150. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 334
  151. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "62nd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  152. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 336
  153. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "63rd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  154. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "64th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  155. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 341
  156. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "65th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  157. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 343
  158. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "66th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  159. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 345
  160. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "67th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  161. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 349
  162. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Royal Welsh Fusiliers". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  163. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 352
  164. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Cheshire Regiment". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  165. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Monmouthshire Regiment". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  166. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Hertfordshire Regiment". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  167. ^ a b c d Chappell (2008), p. 354
  168. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Cambridgeshire Regiment". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  169. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Suffolk Regiment". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  170. ^ a b c Becke, Pt 2b, p. 99.
  171. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 357
  172. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "72nd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  173. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 359
  174. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "73rd Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  175. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 361
  176. ^ a b c d e f g "Miscellaneous Units and Unalloted Troops in Great Britain". warpath.orbat.com. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  177. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "74th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  178. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 363
  179. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "75th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  180. ^ a b c Chappell (2008), p. 365
  181. ^ "Overseas Garrisons and Unalloted Troops". warpath.orbat.com. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  182. ^ "The 25th Division of the British Army in 1914-1918". 1914-1918.net. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  183. ^ a b c 'North Russia' in Long Long Trail
  184. ^ Becke Pt 1, pp. 112–6.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Becke, Maj A.F., History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 1: The Regular British Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1934/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-847347-38-X.
  • Becke, Maj A.F., History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 2b: The 2nd-Line Territorial Force Divisions (57th–69th), with the Home-Service Divisions (71st–73rd) and 74th and 75th Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1937/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-847347-39-8
  • Becke, Maj A.F., History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 3a: New Army Divisions (9–26), London: HM Stationery Office, 1938/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-847347-41-X
  • Chappell, Brad (2008). The Regimental Warpath. Takoma Park, Maryland: General Data LLC. ISBN 978-0-9820541-0-9. 
  • Hart, Peter (2008). 1918 A very British victory. London: Phoenix. ISBN 978-0-7538-2689-8. 
  • Messenger, Charles (2005). Call to Arms: The British Army, 1914–18. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-84695-7. 
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle of the British Army 1914. Takoma Park, Maryland: Tiger Lilly Books. ISBN 0-9776072-8-3. 
  • Tucker, Spencer; Roberts, Priscilla Mary (2005). World War I: encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-85109-420-2. 

External links[edit]