British military post offices in Africa
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Middle East Forces
Definitive British stamps were overprinted "M.E.F." beginning in 1942. They were available in Cyrenaica, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia, as well as in the Dodecanese islands in the Aegean. At the beginning of 1943, the color-changed definitives were also overprinted, and in 1947, the 5-shilling and 10-shilling stamps received the overprint. In 1950, the British government declared that the remaining overprinted stamps were valid for postage throughout the UK, and so many of the surviving stamps have British inland rather than foreign postmarks.
East Africa Forces
The East Africa Forces in Somalia also received British stamps, but overprinted "E.A.F." instead, beginning 15 January 1943.
Eritrea, Somalia & Tripolitania
From 1948 on, the military administrations in Eritrea, Somalia, and Tripolitania used their own overprints.
- Stanley Gibbons Ltd: various catalogues
- AskPhil – Glossary of Stamp Collecting Terms
- Encyclopaedia of Postal History
- Stuart Rossiter & John Flower: The Stamp Atlas
- Scott catalogue
- Sirotti, Luigi and Nuccio Taroni. Le Occupazioni Britanniche Delle Colonie Italiane 1941-1950: storia postale = Postal History of the British Occupation of Italian Colonies 1941-1950. Rome: Sassone S.R.L., 2006 363p.
- Tregurtha, Alan R. British Occupation of Former Italian Colonies. Bridgwater: The G.B. Overprint Society, 1987/8.