British monarchs' family tree

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This is the British monarchs' family tree, from James VI & I (whose accession united the thrones of England and Scotland) to the present queen, Elizabeth II.

Before James VI/I[edit]

See Scottish monarchs family tree and English monarchs family tree. This also includes Wales, Scotland and England; all part of the United Kingdom as well as the French Norman invasion.

Key[edit]

Purple squares are British monarchs, white and aqua represent alternating generations, and green text indicates living persons.

House of Stuart[edit]

Scottish
House of Stuart
James VI & I
1566–1625
r. 1567–1625 (Sc)
r. 1603–1625 (En)
m. 1589
Anne of Denmark
1574–1619
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
1594–1612
Elizabeth, Electress Palatine
1596–1662
m. 1613
Frederick V, Elector Palatine
1596–1632
Margaret
1598–1600
Charles I
1600–1649
r. 1625-1649
m. 1625
Henrietta Maria of France
1609–1669
Robert, Duke of Kintyre
1602
Mary
1605–1607
Sophia
1607
House of Palatinate-Simmern
including...
Sophia, Electress of Brunswick
1630–1714
m. 1658
Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick
1629–1698
Charles II
1630–1685
r. 1649–1651 (Sc)
r. 1660–1685
m. 1663
Catherine of Braganza
1638–1705
Elizabeth
1635–1650
Anne
1637–1640
Henrietta
1644–1670
m. 1661
Philip I, Duke of Orléans
1640–1701
House of Hanover Charles, Duke of Cornwall
1629
illegitimate children m. 1641
William II, Prince of Orange
1626–1650
Mary, Princess Royal
1631–1660
m1. 1659
Anne Hyde
1637–1671
James II & VII
1633–1701
r. 1685–1688
m2. 1673
Mary of Modena
1658–1718
Henry, Duke of Gloucester
1640–1660
House of Orléans
Charles, Duke of Cambridge
1660–1661

Mary II
1662–1694
r. 1688–1694
m. 1677
William III & II
1650–1702
r. 1688–1702
James, Duke of Cambridge
1663–1667
Anne
1665–1714
r. 1702–1714
m. 1683
Prince George of Denmark
Duke of Cumberland
1653–1708
Charles, Duke of Kendal
1666–1667
Edgar, Duke of Cambridge
1667–1671
Henrietta
1669
Catherine
1671
Catherine
1675–1676
Isabel
1676–1681
Charles, Duke of Cambridge
1677
Elizabeth
1678
Charlotte
1682
James Francis Edward Stuart
Prince of Wales; "The Old Pretender"
1688–1766
m. 1719
Clementina Sobieski
1702–1735
Louisa
1692–1712
infant children William, Duke of Gloucester
1689–1700
Charles Edward Stuart
"Bonnie Prince Charlie"; "The Young Pretender"
1720–1788
m. 1772
Louise of Stolberg-Gedern
1752–1824
Henry Benedict Stuart
called Cardinal-Duke of York
1725–1807

House of Hanover[edit]

House of Hanover
George I
1660–1727
r. 1714–1727
m. 1682–1694
Sophia Dorothea of Celle
1666–1726
other siblings Ernest, Duke of York
1674–1728
George II
1683–1760
r. 1727–1760
m. 1705
Caroline of Ansbach
1683–1737
Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
1687–1757
m. 1706
Frederick William I of Prussia
1688–1740
Frederick, Prince of Wales
1707–1751
m. 1736
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
1719–1772
Anne, Princess Royal
1709–1759
m. 1734
William IV, Prince of Orange
1711–1751
Mary
1723–1772
m. 1740
Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
1720–1785
Louise
1724–1751
m. 1743
Frederick V of Denmark
1723–1766
House of Hohenzollern
House of Orange-Nassau Amelia
1711–1786
Caroline
1713–1757
George William
1717–1718
William, Duke of Cumberland
1721–1765
House of Hesse-Kassel House of Oldenburg
Augusta
1737–1813
m. 1764
Charles William Ferdinand,
Duke of Brunswick

1735–1806
Edward, Duke of York
1739–1767
William, Duke of Gloucester
1743–1805
m. 1766
Maria Walpole
1736–1807
Henry, Duke of Cumberland
1745–1790
m. 1771
Lady Anne Horton
1748–1808
Caroline Matilda
1751–1775
m. 1766
Christian VII of Denmark
1749–1808
House of Brunswick-Bevern George III
1738–1820
r. 1760–1820
m. 1761
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1744–1818
Elizabeth
1741–1759
Sophia of Gloucester
1773–1844
Caroline of Gloucester
1774–1775
Louisa
1749–1768
Frederick
1750–1765
House of Oldenburg
George IV
1762–1830
regent 1811–1820
r. 1820–1830
m. 1795
Caroline of Brunswick
1768–1821
Elizabeth
1770–1840
m. 1818
Frederick VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
1769–1829
William, Duke of Gloucester
1776–1834
m. 1816
Mary
1776–1857
Octavius
1779–1783
Amelia
1783–1810
Charlotte Augusta of Wales
1796–1817
m. 1816
Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
King of the Belgians
1790–1865
Augusta Sophia
1768–1840
Ernest Augustus I of Hanover
1771–1851
m. 1815
Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1778–1841
Alfred
1780–1783
Frederick, Duke of York
1763–1827
m. 1791
Frederica Charlotte of Prussia
1767–1820
Edward, Duke of Kent
1767–1820
m. 1818
Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
1786–1861
George V of Hanover
1819–1878
m. 1843
Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
1818–1907
Sophia
1777–1848
Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge
1774–1850
m. 1818
Augusta of Hesse-Kassel
1797–1889
William IV
1765–1837
r. 1830–1837
m. 1818
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
1792–1849
Charlotte, Princess Royal
1766–1828
m. 1780
Frederick of Württemberg
1754–1816
Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover
1845–1923
m. 1878
Thyra of Denmark
1853–1933
Frederica of Hanover
1848–1926
m. 1880
Alfons von Pawel-Rammingen
1843–1932
Marie of Hanover
1849–1904
illegitimate children Charlotte of Clarence
1819
Elizabeth of Clarence
1820–1821
Victoria
1819–1901
r. 1837–1901
m. 1840
Albert, Prince Consort
Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
1819–1861
House of Hanover House of Pawel-Rammingen m. 1793–1794
Lady Augusta Murray
1768–1830
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex
1773–1843
m. 1831
Cecilia Underwood, 1st Duchess of Inverness
c. 1785–1873
House of Windsor
formerly House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
George, Duke of Cambridge
1819–1904
Augusta of Cambridge
1822–1916
m. 1843
Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
1819–1904
Mary Adelaide of Cambridge
1833–1897
m. 1866
Francis, Duke of Teck
1837–1900
FitzGeorges House of Mecklenburg d'Estes Teck family

House of Windsor (formerly Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)[edit]

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Victoria, Princess Royal
1840–1901
m. 1858
Frederick III, German Emperor
1831–1888
Alice
1843–1878
m. 1862
Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse
1837–1892
Helena
1846–1923
m. 1866
Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein
1831–1917
Louise
1848–1939
m. 1871
John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll
1845–1914
Beatrice
1857–1944
m. 1855
Prince Henry of Battenberg
1858–1896
Battenberg family
House of Hohenzollern Edward VII
1841–1910
r. 1901–1910
m. 1863
Alexandra of Denmark
1844–1925
House of Hesse-Darmstadt Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1844–1900
m. 1874
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
1853–1920
House of Oldenburg Arthur, Duke of Connaught
1850–1942
m. 1879
Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
1860–1917
Leopold, Duke of Albany
1853–1884
m. 1882
Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont
1861–1922
Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1874–1899
Marie of Edinburgh
1875–1938
m. 1893
Ferdinand of Romania
1865–1927
m. 1894–1901
Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse
1868–1937
Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1876–1936
m. 1905
Cyril Vladimirovich, Grand Duke of Russia
1876–1938
Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1878–1942
m. 1896
Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
1863–1950
Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1884–1966
m. 1909
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Galliera
1886–1975
House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen House of Hesse-Darmstadt House of Romanov House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg House of Bourbon
Margaret of Connaught
1882–1920
m. 1905
Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
1882–1973
Patricia of Connaught
1886–1974
m. 1919
Sir Alexander Ramsay
1881–1972
Alice of Albany
1883–1981
m. 1904
Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone
1874–1957
Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1884–1954
m. 1905
Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein
1885–1970
House of Bernadotte Ramsay family of Mar House of Württemberg
Cambridge family
m. 1932–1962
Baroness Feodora von der Horst
1905–1991
Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1906–1972
m. 1962
Maria Reindl
1908–1972
Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1908–1972
m. 1932
Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
1906–1947
Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1909–1943
m. 1931–1938
Friedrich Wolfgang Otto, Count of Castell-Rüdenhausen
1906–1940
Caroline Matilda of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1912–1983
m. 1938
Max Schnirring
1895–1944
m. 1946–1949
Karl Andree
1912–1984
Friedrich Josias, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1918–1998
Wettin family House of Bernadotte House of Castell-Rüdenhausen Schnirring family
Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence
1864–1892
George V
1865–1936
r. 1910–1936
m. 1893
Mary of Teck
1867–1953
Louise, Princess Royal
1867–1931
m. 1889
Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife
1849–1912
Victoria
1868–1935
Maud of Wales
1869–1938
m. 1896
Haakon VII of Norway
1872–1957
Alexander John of Wales
1871
Edward VIII
Duke of Windsor
1894–1972
r. 1936
m. 1937
Wallis Simpson
1896–1986
John
1905–1919
Alexandra, Duchess of Fife
1891–1959
m. 1913
Arthur of Connaught
1883–1938
Maud of Fife
1893–1945
m. 1923
Charles Carnegie, 11th Earl of Southesk
1893–1992
House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Alastair Windsor, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
born Prince Alastair of Connaught
1914–1943
Carnegie family
George VI
1895–1952
r. 1936–1952
m. 1923
Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
1900–2002
Mary, Princess Royal
1897–1965
m. 1922
Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood
1882–1947
Henry, Duke of Gloucester
1900–1974
m. 1935
Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott
1901–2004
George, Duke of Kent
1902–1942
m. 1934
Marina of Greece and Denmark
1906–1968
Margaret
1930–2002
m. 1960–1978
Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon
1930—
Lascelles family William of Gloucester
1941–1972
Richard, Duke of Gloucester
1944—
m. 1972
Birgitte van Deurs
1946—
Elizabeth II
1926—
r. 1952—
m. 1947
Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
1921—
Edward, Duke of Kent
1935—
m. 1961
Katharine Worsley
1933—
Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
1936—
m. 1963
Sir Angus Ogilvy
1928–2004
Michael of Kent
1942—
m. 1978
Baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz
1945—
Armstrong-Jones family Windsor family Windsor family Clan Ogilvy Windsor family
m. 1981–1996
Lady Diana Spencer
1961–1997
Charles, Prince of Wales
1948—
m. 2005
Camilla Shand
1947—
m. 1973–1992
Mark Phillips
1948—
Anne, Princess Royal
1950—
m. 1992
Timothy Laurence
1955—
Andrew, Duke of York
1960—
m. 1986–1996
Sarah Ferguson
1959—
Edward, Earl of Wessex
1964—
m. 1999
Sophie Rhys-Jones
1965—
William, Duke of Cambridge
1982—
m. 2011
Catherine Middleton
1982—
Harry
(Henry of Wales)
1984—
Peter Phillips
1977—
m. 2008
Autumn Kelly
1978—
Zara Phillips
1981—
m. 2011
Michael Tindall
1978—
Beatrice of York
1988—
Eugenie of York
1990—
Lady Louise Windsor
2003—
James, Viscount Severn
2007—
George of Cambridge
2013—
Savannah Phillips
2010—
Isla Phillips
2012—
Mia Tindall
2014—

See also[edit]

References[edit]

[tornasahy mccary in 2018]