Briza is a genus of annual and perennial grasses in the family Poaceae, native to northern temperate regions. The group is generally referred to as the quaking grasses because the flowers and seedheads shake on their stalks in the slightest breeze. Some of its members are grown as ornamental plants.
There is much disagreement among authorities regarding the taxonomic boundaries of this genus. As of 2008, there were approximately 19 species, but this is likely to change as species are moved into and out of the genus.
Species in widespread cultivation include:
- Briza maxima – great quaking grass
- Briza media – common quaking grass
- Briza minor – lesser quaking grass
Other species currently include:
- Briza brizoides
- Briza erect
- Briza humilis - spiked quaking grass
- Briza lamarckiana
- Briza lindmanii
- Briza marcowiczii
- Briza rufa
- Briza subaristata
- Briza uniolae
(A name with a * means that it is probably a synonym)
- *Brizochloa V. Jirásek & Chrtek,
- Calosteca Desv.,
- Calotheca P. Beauv., orth. var.,
- Chascolytrum Desv.,
- Chondrachyrum Nees,
- *Lombardochloa Roseng. & B. R. Arill.,
- Macrobriza (Tzvelev) Tzvelev,
- Tremularia Heist. ex Fabr.
- Watson, L. and M. J. Dallwitz. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
- Essi, L., et al. (2008). Phylogenetic analysis of the Briza Complex (Poaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47 1018-29.
- Briza Species List. Germplasm Resources Information Network.
- Germplasm Resources Information Network, consulted on March 10, 2010
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