Briza

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Not to be confused with Brisa.
Briza
Briza maxima1.jpg
Briza maxima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Briza
L.
Type species
Briza media
L.

Briza is a genus of annual and perennial grasses in the family Poaceae, native to northern temperate regions.[1] The group is generally referred to as the quaking grasses because the flowers and seedheads shake on their stalks in the slightest breeze. Some of its members are grown as ornamental plants.

Briza species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora lixella.

There is much disagreement among authorities regarding the taxonomic boundaries of this genus. As of 2008, there were approximately 19 species, but this is likely to change as species are moved into and out of the genus.[2] As of December 2014, the following species were recognised in Briza:[3]

Synonyms[edit]

A name with a * means that it is probably a synonym.

  • *Brizochloa V. Jirásek & Chrtek
  • Calosteca Desv.
  • Calotheca P. Beauv., orth. var.
  • Chascolytrum Desv.
  • Chondrachyrum Nees
  • *Lombardochloa Roseng. & B. R. Arill.
  • Macrobriza (Tzvelev) Tzvelev
  • Tremularia Heist. ex Fabr.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Watson, L. and M. J. Dallwitz (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved August 19, 2009. 
  2. ^ Liliana Essi, Hilda Maria Longhi-Wagner & Tatiana Teixeira de Souza-Chies (2008). "Phylogenetic analysis of the Briza complex (Poaceae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 1018–1029. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.03.007. PMID 18439843. 
  3. ^ "Briza". The Plant List. Retrieved December 3, 2014. 
  4. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network, consulted on March 10, 2010