Brnjica culture

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Geographical range Serbia
Dates 1400 BC - 700 BC
Major sites Hisar Hill

The Brnjica culture (Serbian: Брњица, full name: Donja Brnjica-Gornja Stražava cultural group) is an archaeological culture in present-day Serbia dating from 1400 BC.[1]

The cultural group formed out of this culture are the Moesi, a Daco-Thracian tribe formed in the Roman province of Moesia (ethnonym) of present-day central Serbia.[1] It is also the non-Illyrian component in the Dardanian ethnogenesis.[1]

The culture is characterized by several groups:[1]

  • Kosovo with Raska and Pester
  • South and West Morava confluence zone
  • Leskovac-Nis
  • South Morava-Pcinja-Upper Vardar

Brnjica type pottery has been found in Blageovgrad, Plovdiv, and a number of sites in Pelagonia, Lower Vardar, the island of Thasos and Thessaly dating to 13th and 12th century BC.[1]

Sites[edit]

Hisar[edit]

Main article: Hisar Hill

Hisar is a multi-periodal settlement.

Traces of life of the Brnjica culture (8th century BC) is seen in the plateau that was protected by a deep moat with a palisade on its inner side, a fortification similar to that of another fortification on the Gradac site in Lanište in the Velika Morava basin.[2]

A later Iron Age settlement existed at Hisar dating from the 6th century BC until the 4th century BC. Besides Greek fibulae and pottery, Triballi (Thracian) tombs have been excavated in 2005.[3]

References[edit]