Broadcast engineering

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Broadcast engineering
Occupation
Names

Broadcast engineer Broadcast design engineer
Broadcast systems engineer
Broadcast IT engineer
Broadcast IT systems engineer
Broadcast network engineer
Broadcast maintenance engineer
Video broadcast engineer
TV studio broadcast engineer
Outside broadcast engineer

Remote broadcast engineer
Occupation type
profession
Description
Competencies Technical knowledge, Management skills, Professionalism
Education required
see professional requirements
Related jobs
Technologist, RF engineer, engineering technician, Technical operator

Broadcast engineering is the field of electrical engineering, and now to some extent computer engineering and information technology, which deals with radio and television broadcasting. Audio engineering and RF engineering are also essential parts of broadcast engineering, being their own subsets of electrical engineering.

Broadcast engineering involves both the studio end and the transmitter end (the entire airchain), as well as remote broadcasts. Every station has a broadcast engineer, though one may now serve an entire station group in a city, or be a contract engineer who essentially freelances his or her services to several stations (often in small media markets) as needed.[1]

Duties[edit]

Modern duties of a broadcast engineer include maintaining broadcast automation systems for the studio and automatic transmission systems for the transmitter plant. There are also important duties regarding radio towers, which must be maintained with proper lighting and painting. Occasionally a station's engineer must deal with complaints of RF interference, particularly after a station has made changes to its transmission facilities.[2][3]

Titles[edit]

Broadcast engineers may have varying titles depending on their level of expertise and field specialty. Some widely used titles include:

Qualifications[edit]

Broadcast engineers may need to possess some or all of the following degrees, depending on the broadcast technical environment. If one of the formal qualifications is not present, a related degree or equivalent professional experience is desirable.

Knowledge[edit]

Broadcast engineers are generally required to have knowledge in the following areas, from conventional video broadcast systems to modern Information Technology:

  • RF
    • RF satellite uplinking – High-powered amplifiers (HPA)
    • RF communications satellite downlinking – Band detection, carrier detection and IRD tuning, etc.
    • RF transmitter maintenance - IOT UHF transmitters, solid state VHF transmitters, solid state MF transmitters (AM radio), tube type VHF and MF transmitters. antennas, transmission line, high power filters, digital modulators, towers, tower lighting systems, backup generators.

Above mentioned requirements vary from station to station.

Digital engineering[edit]

The conversion to digital broadcasting means broadcast engineers must now be well-versed in digital television and digital radio, in addition to analogue principles. New equipment from the transmitter to the radio antenna to the receiver may be encountered by engineers new to the field. Furthermore, modern techniques place a greater demand on an engineer's expertise, such as sharing broadcast towers or radio antennas among different stations (diplexing).

Digital audio and digital video have revolutionized broadcast engineering in many respects.[4] Broadcast studios and control rooms are now already digital in large part, using non-linear editing and digital signal processing for what used to take a great deal of time or money, if it was even possible at all. Mixing consoles for both audio and video are continuing to become more digital in the 2000s, as is the computer storage used to keep digital media libraries. Effects processing and TV graphics can now be realized much more easily and professionally as well.

Other devices used in broadcast engineering are telephone hybrids, broadcast delays, and dead air alarms. See the glossary of broadcast engineering terms for further explanations.

Engineering services[edit]

Broadcast stations often call upon outside engineering services for certain needs. For example, because structural engineering is generally not a direct part of broadcast engineering, tower companies usually design broadcast towers.

Other companies specialize in both broadcast engineering and broadcast law, which are both essential when making an application to a national broadcasting authority for a construction permit or broadcast license. This is especially critical in North America, where stations bear the entire burden of proving that their proposed facilities will not cause interference and are the best use of the radio spectrum. Such companies now have special software that can map projected radio propagation and terrain shielding, as well as lawyers that will defend the applications before the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), or the equivalent authorities in some other countries.

Organizations[edit]

Brazil[edit]

  • SET – Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia de Televisão e Telecomunicações, Brazilian Society of Television and Telecommunications Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Canada[edit]

Germany[edit]

  • FKTG – Fernseh- und Kinotechnische Gesellschaft e.V., Germany[8]

India[edit]

  • Broadcast Engineering Society – BES (India), New Delhi, India [9]

Japan[edit]

  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - Japan Council

Mexico[edit]

  • Asociación Mexicana de Ingenieros y Técnicos en Radiodifusión A.C. (AMITRA), Delegación Benito Juárez, México

People's Republic of China (PRC)[edit]

  • China Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, China[10]
  • IEEE Broadcast Technology Society (BTS) – Beijing Section, China[11]
  • IEEE Broadcast Technology Society (BTS) – Shanghai Section, China

People's Republic of China – Hong Kong[edit]

  • Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers-(Hong Kong) Section, 電影電視工程師協會香港分會 Hong Kong[12]
  • Society of Broadcast Engineers Hong Kong Chapter, 廣播工程師協會香港分會 Hong Kong[13]
  • Hong Kong Televisioners Association (HKTVA), 香港電視專業人員協會 Hong Kong[14]

Philippines[edit]

Republic of China – Taiwan[edit]

  • IEEE Broadcast Technology Society (BTS) – Taipei Section

South Korea[edit]

  • Korean Broadcast Engineers & Technicians Association (KOBETA), Seoul, South Korea (ROK)

Turkey[edit]

United States[edit]

In the United States, many broadcast engineers belong to the Society of Broadcast Engineers (SBE).[16] Some may also belong to the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE),[17] or to organizations of related fields, such as the Audio Engineering Society or Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) [18] - IEEE Broadcast Technology Society (BTS).

For public radio, the Association of Public Radio Engineers was created in late May 2006.[19]

Uruguay[edit]


Notable publications[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "about.com - Broadcast Technician or Sound Engineering Technician: Career Information". Careerplanning.about.com. 2010-11-08. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Department of Labor - Bureau of Labor Statistics - Broadcast and Sound Engineering Technicians and Radio Operators". Bls.gov. 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  3. ^ "Transmission Engineer - TV". skillset. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  4. ^ Interactive TV Web. Broadcast Engineering Basics[dead link]
  5. ^ "Central Canada Broadcast Engineers (CCBE)". Ccbe.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  6. ^ "WABE - The Western Association of Broadcast Engineers". Wabe.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  7. ^ "IEEE Broadcast Technology Society". Ieee.org. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  8. ^ "FKTG – Fernseh- und Kinotechnische Gesellschaft e.V. (Germany)". Fktg.de. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  9. ^ "BES - Broadcast Engineering Society (India)". Besindia.com. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  10. ^ China Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, China(CSMPTE)
  11. ^ IEEE Broadcast Technology Society (BTS) - Beijing Section )[dead link]
  12. ^ "Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers-(Hong Kong) Section (SMPTE-HKG)". Smpte.org.hk. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  13. ^ "Society of Broadcast Engineers Hong Kong Chapter(SBE HK Chapter)". Sbe.org.hk. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  14. ^ "Hong Kong Televisioners Association (HKTVA), Hong Kong". HKTVA. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  15. ^ "Hoş Geldiniz". EMO. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  16. ^ "Society of Broadcast Engineers". Sbe.org. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  17. ^ "Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers". Smpte.org. Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  18. ^ Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  19. ^ Association of Public Radio Engineers home page