Broadchurch

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Broadchurch
Alt=Series titles over a coastal scene
Genre Crime drama
Created by Chris Chibnall
Written by
  • Chris Chibnall
  • Louise Fox
Directed by
Composer(s) Ólafur Arnalds
Country of origin United Kingdom
Original language(s) English
No. of series 1
No. of episodes 8
Production
Executive producer(s)
  • Jane Featherstone
  • Chris Chibnall
Producer(s) Richard Stokes
Cinematography Matt Gray
Running time 44–50 minutes
Production company(s)
Broadcast
Original channel ITV
Original run 4 March 2013 (2013-03-04) – present
Chronology
Related shows Gracepoint

Broadchurch is a British television crime drama broadcast on ITV. It was created and written by Chris Chibnall and produced by Kudos Television and Film, Shine America, and Imaginary Friends. The series focuses on the death of an 11-year-old boy and the impact which grief, mutual suspicion, and media attention have on the town. Series one premiered on 4 March 2013. Series two began filming in late May 2014 and concluded on 12 October 2014, although no air date has been set.

Broadchurch series one focused on the search for the boy's murderer by detectives Alec Hardy (played by David Tennant) and Ellie Miller (played by Olivia Colman). Chibnall was inspired by the Jurassic Coast of Britain to set his crime drama in a fictional, closely-knit small town in Dorset. Much of the tone of the series was inspired by the music of Ólafur Arnalds, who also composed the soundtrack for the program. Writing on spec, he convinced ITV to green-light the series in the fall of 2011. Auditions soon followed, although some actors were offered roles directly. Principal photography began in August 2012, with location shooting occurring primarily in the towns and villages in Dorset, North Somerset, and South Gloucestershire and the city of Bristol. The production went to great lengths to keep secret the identity of the murderer. Series one generated high ratings and became a bona-fide national obsession in the United Kingdom. Cast and crew was nominated for many awards for series one, winning several British Academy Television (BAFTA) Awards and a BAFTA Craft Award.

A second series of Broadchurch was announced when the first series ended. The second series focuses on how the community of Broadchurch rebuilds itself after the events of series one. Tennant, Colman, and most of the cast of series one returned for series two. New series two cast members include Marianne Jean-Baptiste, James D'Arcy, Eve Myles, Charlotte Rampling, Meera Syal, and Phoebe Waller-Bridge. Secrecy surrounding the plot of series two has been strong, with location shooting again occurring primarily in North Somerset, Devon, Dorset, and Berkshire. Filming began in late May 2014 and concluded the night of 12 October 2014. Series two will air on ITV in January 2015.

The Fox Broadcasting Company announced in August 2013 it would adapt Broadchurch for US audiences, albeit with a different ending from Broadchurch. The American remake, titled Gracepoint, began airing on 2 October 2014.

Development[edit]

Conception[edit]

Broadchurch creator and write Chris Chibnall described the project as a labour of love.[1] He conceived Broadchurch about 2003 while working on his first series, Born and Bred.[2] The concept was for the series to explore how a child's murder affects a small, close-knit local community, and how the characters react to the media attention and the mutual suspicion that arises.[3]

The location for the series was partly inspired by the Jurassic Coast in Dorset, where Chibnall lived.[4][5] Chibnall says that he initially did not have a location in mind for the series.[3] But work-related issues made setting the show in Dorset appealing. From 2006 to 2011, Chibnall had spent most of his time traveling about the U.K. and Ireland, working on Torchwood, Law & Order: UK, and Camelot. Setting the show in Dorset meant Chibnall would not have to spend time away from his home and family. Chibnall's decision to set the show on the Jurassic Coast also helped him generate more ideas for the show and tighten the writing.[3] For example, Dorset's most famous native son, poet and author Thomas Hardy, lent his last name to one of the main characters (DI Alex Hardy). Hardy's use of the term "Wessex" was used to name the fictional Wessex Police,[6][2] and character Jack Marshall reads the Hardy novel Jude the Obscure.[6]

The series name also came from the Dorset setting. Chibnall invented the name "Broadchurch" based on two towns in Dorset: "I thought a lot about the literary heritage of this county. In true Thomas Hardy style I came up with a compound location name of Broadchurch combining the West Dorset hamlets of Broadoak and Whitchurch."[3]

Writing[edit]

The Jurassic Coast of Dorset provided inspiration for Broadchurch.

Chibnall wrote the script for Broadchurch on spec after his work on Camelot ended.[4][3] He began using whiteboards in May 2011[7] to create backgrounds for each character and craft the plot of the series[4][2]—which he envisioned as being a trilogy.[8][9] Series one was written to work both as the first of a trilogy and as a self-contained drama. He believed the first series should be self-contained in case the show did not do well in the ratings and a second series was not commissioned.[6][9] Chibnall was assisted in this process by his good friends, Sam Hoyle (a television script executive)[6][2] and television director James Strong.[4] The series was influenced by two American television shows, Twin Peaks (created by Mark Frost and David Lynch) and Murder One (created by Steven Bochco, Charles H. Eglee, and Channing Gibson).[5][10]

The story was nearly finished on the whiteboards when Chibnall began writing the script. After about two weeks, Chibnall had a draft of the first few episodes. But he had not yet settled on a killer.[11] About two weeks later, Chibnall woke one morning and realized the murderer should be Joe Miller, DS Ellie Miller's husband.[11] By making Joe the killer, Chibnall focused the series more closely on Ellie Miller, and improved the narrative structure of the series so that it became about two families (the Millers and the Latimers). He then redrafted the first script and re-plotted and re-outlined the series. However, Chibnall kept the script loose enough that he could choose another character as the murderer, in case his preferred solution leaked to the press during shooting.[11]

Only the first few episodes were written before filming began. Chibnall waited until casting was complete and he saw the actors perform their roles before writing subsequent scripts. These later scripts were shaped to take advantage of each performer's take on their role.[12]

Production approval[edit]

In autumn 2011,[4] Chibnall pitched Broadchurch to Laura Mackie,[6] the Head of Drama at ITV, who proved very enthusiastic about the proposal. Just a few days after she finished reading the scripts, she suggested Chibnall contact Kudos Film and Television, a production company.[4] Mackie then brought the show to ITV Director of Television Peter Fincham.[2] Broadchurch was green-lit by Fincham almost immediately[3] for airing in early 2013.[4]

Although ITV made a sizeable financial investment in Broadchurch,[13] additional funds were needed because of the cost of the large ensemble cast. Additional funds were sought from international partners, who would then win distribution rights in their territories. Before principal photography began, ZDF (German public-service television broadcaster) and BBC America (the American cable and satellite television network jointly owned by the BBC and AMC Networks) both provided additional funding.[4]

Broadchurch was created and written by Chris Chibnall, and produced by Kudos Film and Television in association with Shine America and Imaginary Friends.[3][4][14][a] Chibnall served as executive producer[4][15] along with Kudos' Jane Featherstone,[4] while Richard Stokes was producer.[4][16]

Series 1[edit]

Casting[edit]

David Tennant joined Olivia Colman as the co-lead in Broadchurch.

The role of Reverend Paul Coates was written with actor Arthur Darvill in mind, and was the first role cast.[17][18] The role of DS Ellie Miller was the second role cast.[19] Actress Olivia Colman was Chibnall's first choice to play Miller,[20] and the role was offered to her without the need for an audition.[21] The role of DI Alex Hardy was the third role cast.[19] Once more, the part was offered to the actor without the need for an audition.[21]

All the remaining roles were cast through auditions, which took several weeks.[22] Although Chibnall had determined who the murderer was by the time casting began, those who auditioned for the program were not told the killer's identity.[23] The roles of Mark Latimer (father of the murdered child) and Karen White (a reporter for a national newspaper who comes to Broadchurch to challenge DI Hardy) were cast after Colman, Darvill, and Tennant.[24] The role of Beth Latimer was cast after Mark Latimer and Karen White.[22]

Matthew Gravelle was cast as Joe Miller, DS Miller's husband and the murderer of Danny Latimer. Gravelle auditioned along with many other actors for the role, but Chibnall says that the casting team early on considered Gravelle their top choice for the role.[b][25][26] The producers knew that this was a critical casting decision. Whoever they hired to play Joe Miller would need to step up their acting game significantly in the final episode, so they researched Gravelle's past acting roles and watched as many of his performances as they could find. Chibnall paid particularly close attention to the Welsh language television series Teulu, in which Gravelle had recently played a lead role.[11]

Principal photography[edit]

James Strong directed five episodes of series one of Broadchurch, while Euros Lyn directed three.[27][28] Matt Gray was both director of photography and camera operator.[11] Director of photography Matt Gray said he approached Broadchurch as if it were a documentary film, rather than a television drama.[8] Very few scripted television programs are filmed in the order seen on the air. It is far more common to shoot out-of-order. Usually, scripts are broken down into their component scenes and shots first. Scenes using the same locations or sets are shot at the same time, to minimize the time and expense of moving cameras and equipment.[29] Broadchurch, however, was shot in order to keep the identity of the murderer a secret until the end of the production.[30]

Most of Broadchurch series one was shot on location to heighten the reality and intimacy of the series and because the Dorset coast was integral to setting the mood of the drama.[4][31] The first cast read-through occurred at Bloomsbury Central Baptist Church in London on 7 August 2012.[32] Principal photography began on interior sets at VISION Studios on August 13, 2012.[4][11] Location shooting began the first week of September.[4] Most location photography occurred in the town of Clevedon.[33] Some scenes were also shot in the towns of Bridport and West Bay and in the surrounding district of West Dorset.[30] Three locations were used in the area around the town of Yate, South Gloucestershire,[34] and two in Bristol.[33][35] Other filming locations included the towns of Eype,[36][37] Shepton Mallet,[38] Portishead,[33][37][16] Weston-super-Mare,[33][37][16] and Flax Bourton.[35] The oft-seen cliff where Danny Latimer's body is found, and which features heavily in the visuals of Broadchurch, is Harbour Cliff and Harbour Cliff Beach in West Bay.[4]

Not all shooting was done on location. Some sets were built at VISION Studios near Bristol[4] because equipment needs made it impractical to film on location.[16] Two shots required green screen shots to composit images together. These "green screen" shots were filmed at Waterloo Film Studios in London.[39]

Rehearsal on Broadchurch was kept to a minimum.[11][31] To heighten the raw and tension-filled tone of the show, actors were often prevented from seeing the space they were to perform in until shooting began.[31] Almost no improvisation of dialogue occurred on the set.[12] A heavy reliance was also placed on getting the first take right. Director James Strong believed the first take was more spontaneous and more natural than subsequent takes. Subsequently, most of what the viewer sees in Broadchurch series one are first takes.[11]

Principal photography on Broadchurch series one concluded on Tuesday, 4 December 2012.[40]

Secrecy[edit]

Harbour Cliff and Beach in West Bay, Dorset, provided the scene for Danny Latimer's murder in the series.

Chibnall was determined to ensure that the identity of the killer did not leak until the final episode aired. One reason for the secrecy was obviously commercial, for it encouraged viewers to keep watching. But Chibnall also believed it would enhance the acting, as actors could not in any way telegraph or signal their innocence or guilt.[4] Several means were employed to maintain secrecy. All scripts contained a watermark that ensured they could not be photocopied, and copies of scripts used on the set were kept in a safe.[41] Only Chibnall and four other individuals knew at the start of production who the killer was.[41] All cast and crew were required to sign documents in which they agreed not to reveal the killer's identity.[25]

In part, secrecy was maintained by the way scripts were written. Performers were given the first two scripts at the start of principal photography, but additional scripts were written only after Chibnall had observed the actors bringing their characters to life.[12] Once the scripts for episodes six, seven, and eight were finished, they were released all at once over a single weekend[11][12][25]—but only to those crew and cast who had a need to know.[41] Even after the final three scripts were distributed, just 29 people knew the killer's identity while the final episodes were filmed.[28] This included the four cast members critical to the "reveal".[42] Actors Oskar McNamara (who played Danny Latimer) was informed about the killer's identity several days in advance, in part so that the actor could prepare and in part so the scene could be choreographed and rehearsed.[11] Chibnall informed the remaining three key actors about the murderer's identity during late-night phone calls just hours before they were due on the set to receive their scripts.[41] These three episodes were then shot together.[11]

Music[edit]

Broadchurch creator Chris Chibnall had long been a fan of Icelandic composer and musician Ólafur Arnalds,[c] and owned all of Ólafur's albums. While writing Broadchurch, Chibnall listened constantly to Ólafur's music. He later told Ólafur that the "entire feel of the show was inspired by" Ólafur's music.[43]

Ólafur agreed to join the production in December 2012.[44] To compose the music for the first series of Broadchurch, Ólafur read the show's scripts to put himself in the right mood. He also researched sounds which might be heard in the Dorset area. He then improvised at the piano and composed several themes, some for the series as a whole and some for characters. Ólafur also composed certain sounds using synthesizers or electronic sound generators to go with certain spaces, such as the cliffs. Once he saw the completed footage for the first episode, he rearranged some themes to fit the imagery, and composed some new themes as well. Because there was so little time between his being hired and the air date, Ólafur composed very quickly and spent extraordinarily long days at work. He had just four months to generate about 30 minutes of sound and music for each episode, spending one-and-a-half to two weeks on the music for each episode.[43] Despite the time crunch, Ólafur credited Chibnall's relaxed attitude as the key to the music's success.[45]

Icelandic musician Ólafur Arnalds composed the music and sounds for Broadchurch series one.

The music for Broadchurch deliberately avoided a typical orchestral score, which Ólafur felt that sounded too large and perfect. The score was written for a string quartet and piano, accompanied by electronic sound.[43] Recording, which took just five days,[43] was done in an empty church in Reykjavik.[15] The musical soundtrack to Broadchurch series one includes four songs: "So Close" (the only song to have lyrics), "Suspects", "Arcade", and "Broken".[15] "So Close" plays at the end of each episode. Ólafur collaborated with the singer Arnór Dan of the Icelandic band Agent Fresco (with whom Ólafur had worked on his third studio album, For Now I Am Winter, released in February 2013). Arnór wrote the vocal melody, while Ólafur wrote the rest of the song. Chris Chibnall contributed the lyrics.[43] According to Chibnall, the song holds clues to the killer's identity.[15]

The Broadchurch (Music From the Original Soundtrack) extended play album was released on 15 April 2013 by Mercury Classics, a division of Decca Records.[46]

Critical reception and ratings[edit]

Broadchurch series one premiered on 4 March 2013 at 9:00 PM on ITV.

Series one of Broadchurch won near-universal praise.[47][48] Radio Times named it the best television series of 2013,[1] and Entertainment Weekly called it "a bona fide national obsession" in the UK.[10]

The first episode of Broadchurch series one was seen by an average of 9.1 million viewers (31 percent audience share).[28] This included 6.15 million live viewers (25.2 percent audience share), with another 716,000 viewers (4.4 percent) on time-delayed viewing via digital video recorder, timeshifted channels (+1), and similar media and technologies.[49] This was the best premiere episode of a weekday new drama series in the United Kingdom since ITV's Whitechapel debuted in January 2009. Only two other dramas, Life Begins (2002) and Doc Martin (2004), debuted with higher numbers since 2002.[28] Broadchurch attracted an average weekly audience of 7.1 million "live" viewers during its run. After accounting for time-delayed viewing, Broadchurch averaged 9.2 million viewers per episode. This made it ITV's highest-rated weekday drama series since 2004.[28] An average of 8.4 million viewers (33 percent audience share) watched the final episode of Broadchurch. About 8.8 million viewers tuned in at the start of the show, and a peak of 9.3 million viewers saw Joe Miller was revealed as the murderer. But only 7.9 million viewers remained with the episode after the reveal.[28]

Broadchurch series one was not a rating success in all countries, however. When it aired on BBC America in the United States, ratings were negligible. American consumption of the series on iTunes, Amazon.com, and other streaming video sites was also small.[27]

Awards[edit]

Broadchurch series one was nominated for seven BAFTA awards. Oliva Colman won Best Actress, David Bradley won Best Supporting Actor, and the show was named Best Drama Series.[50] The show competed for the BAFTA Audience Award, but lost to "The Day of the Doctor" (Doctor Who).[50] At the BAFTA Craft Awards, Ólafur Arnalds won Best Original Television Music, while James Strong was nominated for Best Director-Fiction for "Episode One", Mike Jones was nominated for Best Editing-Fiction for "Episode Eight", Catrin Meredydd as nominated for Best Production Design, and Chris Chibnall was nominated for Best Writer-Drama.[51]

Broadchurch series one was also nominated for and won many additional awards, including honours at the Freesat Awards,[52] TV Choice Awards,[53] National TV Awards,[54] Broadcast Awards,[55] Broadcasting Press Guild Television and Radio Awards,[56] and the Royal Television Society Awards.[57] It also won a Peabody Award for its distinguished and meritorious contributions to excellence in quality television.[58]

Media releases[edit]

The first series of Broadchurch was released on DVD in the United Kingdom by Acorn Media UK on 20 May 2013.[59] The series was released on DVD and Blu-ray in the United States on 1 April 2014 by Entertainment One.[60]

Series 2[edit]

After the first series ended, ITV announced that Broadchurch would return for a second series.[61] The show's creator, Chris Chibnall, told the The Daily Mirror in the summer of 2013 that "the focus of the next series will be on how the shattered community rebuilds itself after the grisly events" of series one.[62] Series one actor Will Mellor strongly implied in an interview that a new murder would not be the focus of the new season,[62] while David Tennant told the Associated Press that the series would go in a "very unexpected direction" which he called "as gripping as the first season".[63] Chibnall said he mapped out the show's plot and characters on several whiteboards in his office. "You have to be very methodical," he said about plotting Broadchurch. "It's like a mathematical puzzle where you put all these blocks together and move them around for the most satisfying thing."[64]

David Tennant, Olivia Colman,[65] Andrew Buchan, Arthur Darvill, Jodie Whittaker, Charlotte Beaumont, Joe Sims,[66] Carolyn Pickles, Jonathan Bailey,[67] and Pauline Quirke are returning cast members.[68] Neither Tennant nor Colman was contractually obligated to return. Without them, Chibnall said, "We would not have done it, absolutely. Luckily they wanted to come back because they weren't contracted to."[69] New series two cast members include Marianne Jean-Baptiste, James D'Arcy, Eve Myles, Charlotte Rampling, Meera Syal, and Phoebe Waller-Bridge.[70][71] Actor Will Mellor has confirmed he will not appear in series two.[72]

The plot of series two has been closely guarded. Cast members were sworn to secrecy about the details,[73][64] and required to sign non-disclosure agreements.[74] Actor Andrew Buchan said cast members have been told little about the plot, except on a need-to-know basis as they prepare for their performances in each episode.[75] Actor Joe Sims says that actors only receive two scripts at a time to ensure that they do not know where the plot is headed.[76] News media, however, have reported that the series returns to the fictional town of Broadchurch. Some scenes have been filmed in a cemetery, and other scenes depict a very pregnant Beth Latimer.[75] David Tennant took a break from filming the second series to film episodes of the American remake, Gracepoint. He returned to filming of Broadchurch about 15 September 2014.[77]

St Andrew's Church in Clevedon serves as St. Bede's—the Broadchurch parish church.

In August 2014, Erin Kelly, author of a book adaptation of Broadchurch, said that writer Chris Chibnall inserted a one-line clue about Series 2 into her book three days before the book was due to begin printing. Kelly said the clue comes early in the novel. Although it does not spoil the plot, she said, it does provide a hint about it.[64][78]

The second series filmed under the code name "Tea and Sympathy"[67] in Devon, Dorset, North Somerset,[75] and the town of Reading in Berkshire.[65] A car park next to the West Bay Hotel in Bridport served as the production's base camp.[79] Each episode takes 12-and-a-half days to film.[76] Filming began in late May 2014.[80] Shooting has taken place outside the George Hotel in Bridport,[81] at a Munchees cafe in Reading,[82] and at the Riverside Restaurant, Wynn's funfair,[79] the seafront, and The Lazy Lizard nightclub in the city of Weymouth.[73] A few scenes were shot on a beach between Freshwater Beach and East Beach in West Bay.[83] St Andrew's Church in Clevedon has been used to depict the Broadchurch Parish Church and burying ground. Other Clevedon filming locations include Marshall's Field and Hill Road, and the house used to represent the Latimer family home in Lavington Close.[76] The Forum Building on the campus of the University of Exeter was used to represent the Wessex police station,[77] while another campus structure served as a local courtroom.[73][84] Some filming occurred in Bracknell Forest, in particular the Jennett's Park suburb and the John Nike Leisuresport Complex in Bracknell. The shopping district in Bracknell was decorated to mimic the Christmas holidays for filming.[85] The production team was strongly criticised by the West Bay Coastguards in June 2014 for filming too close to the edge of East Cliff at West Bay, Dorset. Severe weather and recent rockslides left the cliffs unstable, and a Coastguard volunteer said the production team should have used stakes, safety lines, harnesses, and helmets. A spokesperson for the Broadchurch production defended the film crew, noting that the production team had received all necessary filming permits, had visited the site numerous times to ensure safety, and taken other reasonable health and safety precautions.[86]

James Strong, who directed five of the eight episodes in series one, will direct the first two episodes of series two.[87] Jane Featherstone and Chris Chibnall continue as executive producers,[80] with Chibnall acting as lead writer again.[88]

Filming for series two of Broadchurch 2 concluded the night of 12 October 2014.[67][69] Final scenes were shot at the village of Eype in Dorset.[67]

It is not clear when the second series will air in the UK. The Reading Post reported in July 2014 that the second series has an air date of January 2015,[82] while The Bristol Post said in late August that no air date had been set.[76] BBC America announced they will air the second series in the United States in "early 2015."[89]

On 9 November 2014, two 20-second teaser trailers began airing on ITV, each titled with "The End Is Where It Begins".[90]

On 16 November 2014, a third 20-second teaser trailer aired on ITV, in two versions; voiced by characters Alec Hardy and Ellie Miller, respectively. They were also titled with "The End Is Where It Begins". The trailers confirmed that Broadchurch would return to ITV in January 2015.[91]

American adaptation[edit]

Main article: Gracepoint

In early 2014, the Fox Broadcasting Company in the United States announced it had licensed the rights to Broadchurch and would produce an Americanized version of the series, to be named Gracepoint. The Fox series will also star David Tennant, and will be created and written by Chris Chibnall and directed by James Strong.[92]

Fox executives specifically said Gracepoint would have a different ending from Broadchurch. Gracepoint began airing on 2 October 2014.[93]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kudos Film and Television is a subsidiary of Shine Group. Shine America is the American subsidiary of Shine Group. Imaginary Friends is a production company established by Chris Chibnall to produce author-driven drams.
  2. ^ Gravelle had worked for producer Richard Stokes in an episode of the series Holby City, and for Stokes and writer Chris Chibnall in "End of Days", an episode of Torchwood. In 2010, he'd been nominated for a BAFTA Cymru award as Best Actor for his work on Y Pris.
  3. ^ This is an Icelandic name. The last name is a family name, but in Iceland people are properly referred to by their given name, e.g., Ólafur.
Citations
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