Broadlands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Broadlands, circa 1880.

Broadlands is an English country house, located in Romsey Extra, near the town of Romsey in Hampshire, England.

History[edit]

The original manor and area known as Broadlands has belonged to Romsey Abbey since before the time of the 11th-century English Norman Conquest.

After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Broadlands was sold to Sir Francis Fleming in 1547. His daughter married Edward St. Barbe, and the manor remained the property of the St. Barbe family for the next 117 years. Sir John St. Barbe made many improvements to the manor before it was left to his cousin Humphrey Sydenham in 1723. When Sydenham was ruined by the 18th-century South Sea Bubble, he proceeded to sell Broadlands to Henry Temple, 1st Viscount Palmerston in 1736. It was 1st Viscount Palmerston who began the deformalisation of the gardens between the river and the house and produced the (broad-lands) the "gentle descent to the river".

In 1767 a major architectural "transformation" was begun by Lancelot "Capability" Brown, an architect and landscape designer, and completed by architect Henry Holland, which led to making Broadlands the Palladian-style mansion seen today.

Henry Temple, 2nd Viscount Palmerston had requested that Brown go there and seize upon the "capabilities" of the earlier Tudor and Jacobean manor house. Between 1767 and 1780, William Kent's earlier "deformalising work" was completed, as well as further landscaping, planting, clearing and riverside work.

Broadlands was the country estate of the nineteenth century prime minister Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.

In current times[edit]

Broadlands, August 2000

It is occupied by Lord and Lady Brabourne (who until 2005 enjoyed the courtesy style of Lord and Lady Romsey, a subsidiary title of Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, Lord Brabourne's mother, whose late husband was John Knatchbull, 7th Baron Brabourne). Norton Knatchbull, 8th Baron Brabourne is the grandson of the Earl Mountbatten of Burma.[clarification needed] Should the title fall from the 2nd Countess Mountbatten on death to her son, the seat of the earldom would again be Broadlands as it was in Earl Mountbatten's time.

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°58′50″N 1°29′49″W / 50.98056°N 1.49694°W / 50.98056; -1.49694