Broadmayne

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Broadmayne
Main Street, Broadmayne - geograph.org.uk - 847819.jpg
Main Street, Broadmayne
Broadmayne is located in Dorset
Broadmayne
Broadmayne
 Broadmayne shown within Dorset
Population 1,204 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SY729865
District West Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DORCHESTER
Postcode district DT2
Dialling code 01305
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament West Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°40′39″N 2°22′58″W / 50.6774°N 2.3828°W / 50.6774; -2.3828

Broadmayne is a village in the English county of Dorset. It lies within the West Dorset administrative district, two miles south-east of the county town Dorchester. The A352 main road between Dorchester (from Sherborne) and Wareham passes through the village. In the 2001 Census the population of the village was 1,864, reducing to 1,204 at the 2011 Census.[1] There is an electoral ward of the same name whose population at the above census was 1,870.[2] Village facilities and services include a Post Office, a clinic and a public house (The Black Dog). There are two churches in the village, both of which were redesigned by Thomas Hardy.[3] The parish church of St. Martin dates from the 13th century and has a notable south tower.

History[edit]

Broadmayne parish has a long history of human settlement. In the Domesday book of 1086, one of two settlements named Maine in Cullifordtree Hundred[4] was later called Friar Mayne to avoid confusion with another Maine (Parva Maene) sited at Little Mayne Farm in West Knighton parish). Between 1290 and 1338, a preceptory of the Knights Hospitallers was established at Friar Mayne.[5] The preceptory declined in activity then in 1533 began leasing its bailiwick to provide stipends for rectories, vicarages and the larger preceptories in other locations.

The family estate of Sir Ferdinand Gorges, the founder of the Province of Maine in the northeast United States, was in Broadmayne; one theory is that the state was named after the village.[6][7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  3. ^ West Dorset District Council, West Dorset Holiday and Tourist Guide, c.1983, p5
  4. ^ http://domesdaymap.co.uk/hundred/cullifordtree/ Open Domesday: Culliford Tree
  5. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/dorset/vol2/pp90-92 'Houses of Knights Hospitallers: The preceptory of Friary Mayne', in A History of the County of Dorset: Volume 2, ed. William Page (London, 1908), pp. 90-92 http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/dorset/vol2/pp90-92 [accessed 30 January 2015].
  6. ^ Kathy Guyton (2009). U.S. State Names: The Stories of How Our States Were Named. Mountain Storm Press, Nederland, Colorado. pp. 127–136. 
  7. ^ "Who Really Named Maine?". rootsweb. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Origin of Maine's Name". http://web.archive.org/. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 

External links[edit]