Broadstone Mill, Reddish

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Broadstone Mill, Reddish
Broadstone Mill - geograph.org.uk - 707883.jpg
Broadstone Mill, Reddish is located in Greater Manchester
Broadstone Mill, Reddish
Magnify-clip.png
Location within Greater Manchester
Spindles 260,000
Location Broadstone Mill
Coordinates 53°26′02″N 2°09′50″W / 53.434°N 2.164°W / 53.434; -2.164
Construction
Built 1903
Decommissioned 1959
Demolished South block-1965. North block extant.
Mule Frames 260,000
[1]

Broadstone Mill was a double cotton spinning mill on the northern bank of the Stockport Branch Canal in Reddish, Stockport, Greater Manchester, in England. The mills were started in 1903 and completed in 1907. They closed in 1957, and the southern mill was demolished and engine houses were demolished in 1965. The northern block went into multiple usage. It is now part of the Houldsworth Village development. It is used as a centre for small businesses, and a shopping outlet.[1]

Location[edit]

The double mills were built next to Houldsworth's Reddish Mills, fronting on the Stockport Branch Canal. It is close to Reddish South railway station on the Stockport to Stalybridge Line

History[edit]

The Broadstone Spinning Co., Ltd., Reddish, was incorporated in 1903, with the intention of erecting a large double mill. No. 1 mill covered 7,658 square yards, and No 2 mill 8,457 square yards. Each mill was six storeys high, 270 feet long by 143 feet. and .Work commenced on No. 1 mill at the end of 1906, and No 2 mill a year later. The mills contained 260,000 mule spindles, and cost £480,000 when fully equipped . They were entitled to draw water for the condensors directly from the canal at no cost. In 1919 the mills were sold to the Broadstone Mills Limited.[2]

The decline of cotton spinning was accompanied by high farce. In November 1958 the company sold a number of spinning mules as scrap for just over £3,000. By agreement, the machines remained in the mill over the winter. A small number had been broken and removed by April 1959, when the government announced a compensation package for firms that agreed to scrap spinning capacity. As the title in the mules had passed to the scrapman, it was decided that the company was not entitled to compensation amounting to over £60,000, despite the fact that the machinery was still on its premises. Actions in the High Court and the Court of Appeal in 1965 were fruitless.[3][4]

Broadstone Mill c.1907, including the now demolished southern mill

Architecture[edit]

This was a large six storey double mill with 260,000 spindles. It was built by Stott and Sons, and its features were described as Byzantine in style.[5] Each mill was 12 bays wide and 9 bays deep,the rope race forming a thirteenth bay. The basic bay dimensions were 22 feet (6.7 m) by 15 feet 6 inches (4.72 m), thus, the internal dimensions at the second floor were 266 feet (81 m) by 137 feet (42 m). The rope race is 12 feet (3.7 m) wide internally. At ground floor level a single storey card shed extends the width of the mill; this is 5 bays, 68 feet (21 m) deep.[6]

The floors were designed for the machines they accommodated. So, the basement was designed for the Waste Place, Conditioning Cellar, Warehouse & Packing, Cotton Room, Mixing Room, and Dust Cellar; it was 8 feet 6 inches (2.59 m) in height. The ground floor (known as the 1st Storey) was 16 feet (4.9 m) , the attached Card Shed and Blowing Room was 12 feet (3.7 m) in height. The lst Spinning Room on the 2nd Storey was 14 feet 3 inches (4.34 m) high. 2nd and 3rd spinning Room on the 3rd and 4th storey were 13 feet 9 inches (4.19 m) high, while the 4th Spinning Room on the 5th storey was 14 feet 1.75 inches (4.3117 m) high. The tower contained the staircase, hoist and toilets.[6]

Power[edit]

Each mill was powered by a George Saxon & Co 1500 hp triple expansion inverted vertical steam engines, with Corliss valves. They were powered by steam at 200 psi and ran at 75 rpm. The cylinders has 22in, 35in and 54in bores, and 4 ft stroke.[7][8]

Each mill had its own boiler house with 4, 30 feet (9.1 m) x 8 feet (2.4 m) Lancashire boilers, and its own 75 yards (69 m) high chimney. The chimney had a square base to33 feet (10 m) then was circular tapering from 18 feet (5.5 m) to 10 feet 10 inches (3.30 m) diameter. The flue was 8 feet (2.4 m) in diameter; there was an inner casing wall to approx. 88 feet (27 m). [8]

Equipment[edit]

All machinery both mills were supplied by John Hetherington & Co.Ltd. The first mill had mules with 125,000 spindles and the second mill held 140,000 spindles, giving a total of 265,000 for the two mills.[8]

Usage[edit]

Originally they spun best Egyptian cottons, in what was technically termed "combed" and "super carded yarns." The range of counts was 160's to 30's for the home and export trade, and they employed 700 people.

Owners[edit]

  • Broadstone Spinning Company Ltd.
  • Broadstone Mills Ltd.
  • Multi usage
  • Part of the Houldsworth Village- shopping outlet, small business units

Current Usage[edit]

The mill is currently part of the Houldswoth Village Development, and since closing in 1957 has been redeveloped and transformed into a large shopping outlet and business centre, containing offices, conferencing centres, and a creative gallery. Currently, redevelopments are underway of the first floor, in order to expand the retail outlet onto two levels, which is planned to be completed by early 2013.

Notable events/media[edit]

When completed, Broadstone Mill was the largest cotton spinning mill in the world, the previous largest, Houldsworth Mill stands 200 metres north.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b Houldsworth Village History
  2. ^ Kiernan, Mike. "Mike Kiernan's Local and General History Site". Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  3. ^ "Source of rueful reflection". The Times (The Times). 24 April 1965. p. 5. 
  4. ^ "Eliminated too soon". The Times (The Times). 19 October 1965. p. 5. 
  5. ^ Williams & Farnie 1992, p. 126
  6. ^ a b Broadstone Mill, Houldsworth Village, History 1904 Accessed 01-11-13
  7. ^ Roberts 1921
  8. ^ a b c Broadstone Mill, Houldsworth Village, History 1906 Accessed 01-11-13
Bibliography
  • Roberts, A S (1921), "Arthur Robert's Engine List", Arthur Roberts Black Book. (One guy from Barlick-Book Transcription), retrieved 2009-01-11 
  • Williams, Mike; D A Farnie (1992). Cotton mills in Greater Manchester. Preston: Carnegie. ISBN 0-948789-69-7. 

External links[edit]