Broadway is an unincorporated community and neighborhood within the city of Newark in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. It is located on the west bank of the Passaic River, in Newark's North Ward, east of Forest Hill and north of Seventh Avenue. The neighborhood extends from Interstate 280 to Belleville. The term "Broadway" has only come into use recently, most Broadway residents simply refer to their area as part of the North Ward. The street itself "Broadway" was called "Belleville Avenue" until the early twentieth century. Today, the area is predominantly Italian American and Puerto Rican, with a growing population from other parts of Latin America. The neighborhood is poor and there are many facilities that provide assistance and public housing to the indigent. The New Jersey Historical Society was located here from the 1930s to 1997. The neo-classical Mutual Benefit building was constructed in the Broadway neighborhood in 1927. The district has many old brownstones in various states of repair. There are high-rise apartment buildings overlooking Branch Brook Park.
North Broadway is the northern section of the Broadway neighborhood roughly bound by Mt. Prospect Avenue. North Broadway used to be made up of several neighborhoods including North Newark, Woodside and Riverside from north to south. Today these names are less frequently used. North Newark is bounded by Mount Prospect Avenue, Grafton Avenue, the Passaic River and Belleville. Woodside is bounded by Mt. Prospect Avenue, Elmwood Avenue, Woodside Ave and the Passaic River. Riverside is bound by Mt. Prospect Avenue, Arlington Avenue, Herbert Place and the Passaic River. The North End branch of the Newark Public Library is located in the Woodside/North Broadway neighborhood.
This part of Broadway Avenue was called Washington Avenue until property owners led by Franz Kaiser formed the Broadway Association to rename it and advocate for improvements on the thoroughfare.
The central portion of Broadway is sometimes called Mount Pleasant. It is roughly bounded by Herbert Place, Arlington Avenue, Mt. Prospect Avenue, 4th Avenue and the Passaic River. This neighborhood is home to Mt. Pleasant Cemetery.
South Broadway is the area bounded by Broad Street, Broadway, Bloomfield Avenue on the west, 4th st on the north, the Passaic River on the east and I-280 on the south. South Broadway is home to the oldest functioning synagogue in Newark, Ahavas Sholom. Currently, the Jewish Museum of New Jersey located on the synagogue's second floor. The Pavilion and Colonnade Apartments are the located at the southern end of the neighbourhood.